Orient (80)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> French Navy >> Orient (80)

Origin and History

The ship was built at Lorient by Antoine Groignard for the Compagnie des Indes. Construction started in March 1755 and the ship was launched on June 9 1756. She was first commissioned in August 1757. In May 1759, the ship was bought by the Marine Royale.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in November 1759: Captain N. de la Filière

In 1778, the ship was reclassed as a 74-gun.

The ship was wrecked at Trincomalee on the coasts of Ceylon on September 7 1782.

Service during the War

In November 1759, in preparation for the planned invasion of England, the ship set sail for Quiberon Bay with the Brest Fleet. On November 20, she took part in the battle of Quiberon. After the defeat, during the night of November 20 to 21, the ship along with 7 other French ships of the line hauled in for the Aix island and took refuge at Rochefort.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 80
Lower gun deck 30 x 36-pdrs
Upper gun deck 32 x 18-pdrs
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 18 x 8-pdrs
Crew 14 officers and 852 men
Length at gundeck 56.52 m
Width 14.29 m
Depth 6.66 m
Displacement 1500 metric tons

References

French Wikipedia, L'Orient (1756)

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, 3 Decks

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.