Plettenberg Dragoons

From Project Seven Years War
Revision as of 15:25, 10 March 2019 by RCouture (Talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Prussian Army >> Plettenberg Dragoons

Origin and History

The regiment was created on June 15 1727 from 5 squadrons of the Dragoner Regiment Nr. 6.

At the end of 1740, the regiment contributed troops for the creation of a new regiment.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted 5 squadrons.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • since August 3 1756: Christoph Friedrich Stephan von Plettenberg
  • from June 1761 to September 10 1763: vacant

In 1763, at the end of the Seven Years' War, the regiment consisted of 688 Prussians, 17 Saxons, 162 "foreigners".

Service during the War

In 1757, the regiment was part of Lehwaldt's army assigned to the defence of East Prussia against a Russian invasion. On August 30, at the battle of Gross-Jägersdorf, it was deployed in the first line of the cavalry left wing under lieutenant-general Schorlemmer. During this battle, the regiment lost 136 men.

On August 2 1758, during the Russian invasion of Brandenburg, Manteuffel reinforced the Prussian detachment at Reppen with this regiment along with Schorlemmer Dragoons (5 sqns). On August 21, the regiment joined king Frederick II at Cüstrin. On August 25, the regiment fought at the battle of Zorndorf where it formed part of the reserve behind the left wing. It was part of the brigade of dragoons who, around 11:50 am, delivered a deadly counter attack and threw Gaugreben’s brigade back into the ranks of the Russian infantry causing disorder and confusion. Frederick then sent the regiment to reinforce his right wing but changed his mind and recalled it to the left to support the attack of the Prussian cavalry. During this battle, the regiment captured 5 guns and lost 63 men. On September 15 in the evening, Dohna received orders from Frederick instructing him to send the regiment to Berlin where it would join Wedel who was advancing against the Swedes. On September 16, the regiment departed for Berlin. On September 26, it attacked a Swedish foraging party near Tarmow. It charged Västmanlands Infantry six times but did not succeed to break them, loosing 2 officers and 120 men in this action. The Swedish regiment retreated in good order.

To do: campaigns from 1759 to 1762

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Uniform in 1757
Headgear black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade fastened with a small yellow button and red pompons

N.B.: for combat, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron cap

Neckstock black
Coat cobalt blue with 8 yellow buttons on the chest and 3 yellow buttons on each side to fasten the skirts forming the turnbacks
Collar red
Shoulder strap left shoulder: blue fastened with a yellow button
right shoulder: yellow with a yellow aiguillette
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets each with 2 yellow buttons
Cuffs red (Swedish style) with 2 yellow buttons
Turnbacks red
Waistcoat straw yellow with one row of small yellow buttons and horizontal pockets, each with yellow buttons
Breeches buff
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black leather
Scabbard brown leather
Bayonet scabbard brown leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth pink with pointed corners; bordered with a wide orange and white braid
Housings pink pointed housings; bordered with a wide orange and white braid
Blanket roll cobalt blue


Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols, a musket and a bayonet.

Officers

Plettenberg Dragoons Officer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

The officers wore the same uniform with the following exceptions:

  • black tricorne (no lace) with a black cockade (attached with a golden fastener) and black and silver pompons
  • golden buttonholes on the coat


Musicians

Plettenberg Dragoons Drummer Uniform - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres
Plettenberg Dragoons Drummer Lace - Source: Kling, C., Geschichte der Bekleidung, Bewaffnung und Ausrüstung des Königlich Preussischen Heeres

Drummers of the regiments of dragoons probably wore the same uniform as the troopers but decorated on the seams with a red lace decorated with a yellow central band.

Colours

Standards were made of damask. They were swallow-tailed and measured some 50 cm along the pole, 65 cm from the pole to the extremity of a point and 50 cm from the pole to the centre of the indentation. The cords and knots were of silver threads. Exceptionally, the pole of the standard was a blue tournament lance (sources disagree about the exact shade, it being either pale blue or cornflower blue) reinforced with iron hinges. The golden spearhead wore the crowned monogram of Frédéric Wilhelm (FWR).

Originally this regiment used standards dating from Frederick Wilhelm I: a Leibstandarte and four Regimentsstandarte of the "FWR pattern". In 1740, when it was increased to 10 squadrons, the new squadrons required flags. These were issued in 1742/43 and were all of the "FR pattern", so the regiment carried equal numbers of "FWR pattern" and "FR pattern" flags.

When the regiment was split to form the new Dragoon Regiment No. 8 in 1744, the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 9th squadrons remained with the present regiment while the 2nd, 4th, th, 8th and 10th squadrons formed the new Dragoon Regiment No. 8. The 2nd squadron became the Leib or 1st squadron of the new regiment and was issued a new Leibstandarte in 1744 or 1745. Thus both regiments had a mixed set of flags, the present regiment having three of the "FWR" pattern flags (for the Leib, 2nd and 3rd squadrons) and two "FR" patterns (for the 4th and 5th squadrons). The regiment lost a couple of flags during the wars. All were Regimentsstandarten, but which squadrons lost flags (an unlucky squadron may have lost two flags) is not specified in our sources. However the present regiment still had "mixed sets" in 1806, which suggests that it retained at least one "FWR" pattern flag, as well as his "FWR" pattern Leibstandarte.

Colonel FWR Standard (Leibstandarte): white field with red waved corners, fringed gold with a black central medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and decorated with a golden eagle flying towards a golden sun surmounted by a white scroll laced gold bearing the golden motto "Non Soli Cedit". Decoration in gold in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FWR” ciphers). Squadron FWR Standard (Eskadronstandarte): black field with red waved corners; fringed gold with a silver central medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and decorated with a black eagle flying towards a golden sun surmounted by a black scroll laced gold bearing the golden motto "Non Soli Cedit". Decoration in gold in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FWR” ciphers).
Colonel Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert
Squadron Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert
Squadron FR Standard (Eskadronstandarte): black field with waved red corners, fringed gold with a silver central medallion surrounded by a golden laurel wreath and decorated with an armed black eagle surmounted by a black scroll laced gold bearing the golden motto "Pro Gloria et Patria". Decoration in gold in each corner (crowns, laurel wreaths and “FR” ciphers).
 
Squadron Standard – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Funcken, Liliane and Fred , Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Nelke, R., Preussen

Thümmler, L.-H., Preußische Militärgeschichte

Vial J. L., Nec Pluribus Impar

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.