Difference between revisions of "Saltykov, Count Piotr Semionovitch"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Personalities >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> Saltykov, count Piotr Semionovich Commander in...")
 
(Added info from the work of the Grosser Generalstab)
 
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Saltykov, count Piotr Semionovich  
 
Saltykov, count Piotr Semionovich  
  
Commander in chief of the Russian Army (1759-1760)  
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Major-General (1733-41), Lieutenant-General (1741-58), General en Chef (1758-59), Field Marshal (1759-72)
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 +
Commander in chief of the Russian Army (1759-60)  
  
 
born in 1700
 
born in 1700
  
died December 15 1772
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died December 15, 1772, near Moscow
  
 
==Description==
 
==Description==
 
[[File:Saltykov.jpg|right|frame|Painting of Piotr Semionovich Saltykov - Source: Wikipedia]]
 
[[File:Saltykov.jpg|right|frame|Painting of Piotr Semionovich Saltykov - Source: Wikipedia]]
Saltykov was remotely related to tsarina Anna Ivanovna.
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Piotr Semionovich was the son of General en Chef Count Simon Andreevich Saltykov. He was remotely related to Tsarina Anna Ivanovna.
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 +
In 1714, Saltykov joined the Garde but soon, on Peter the Great's instructions, he undertook naval training in France where he spent most of his life until 1733.
 +
 
 +
In 1733, Saltykov was granted the hereditary title of count and promoted to major-general.
  
In 1714, on Peter the Great's instructions, Saltykov undertook naval training in France where he spent most of his life until 1733.
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In 1741, Saltykov was promoted to lieutenant-general.
  
In 1733, Saltykov was granted the hereditary title of count and promoted lieutenant-general.
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In 1742 and 1743, during the Russo-Swedish War (1741–43), Saltykov under [[Keith, James Francis Edward|Field Marshal Keith]] and [[Lacy, Count Franz Moritz|Lacy]] against the Swedes.
  
In 1759, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army. On July 23, he defeated the Prussian general Wedel at the [[1759-07-23 - Battle of Paltzig|battle of Paltzig]]. A few weeks later, on August 12, assisted by an Austrian corps under [[Loudon, Baron Ernst Gideon|Loudon]] he won the bloody  [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|battle of Kunersdorf]] against [[Frederick II]]. On August 18, Saltykov was promoted fieldmarshal
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In 1758, [[Elizabeth Petrovna|Empress Elizabeth Petrovna]] promoted Saltykov to general en chef.
  
On May 15 1763, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-Chief of Moscow. He exercised this function until November 13 1771 when he was dismissed from office by [[Catherine II]] because he had fled Moscow during an epidemic of plague to take refuge in his domain of Marfino. During his absence a serious riot had taken place in the city on September 16.
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In June 1759, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army. On July 23, he defeated the Prussian General Wedel at the [[1759-07-23 - Battle of Paltzig|Battle of Paltzig]]. A few weeks later, on August 12, assisted by an Austrian corps under [[Loudon, Baron Ernst Gideon|Loudon]], he won the sanguinary  [[1759-08-12 - Battle of Kunersdorf|Battle of Kunersdorf]] against [[Frederick II]]. On August 29, Saltykov was promoted to field marshal.
  
Saltykov died on December 15 1772.
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In 1760, Saltykov commanded the Russian army during the [[1760 - Russian campaign in Brandenburg|campaign in Brandenburg]] and in [[1760 - Austro-Russian campaign in Silesia|Silesia]]. On October 30, he fell very sick and had to cede command of the army.
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During the brief reign of [[Peter III]], Saltykov was not employed by the emperor.
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When [[Catherine II]] seized power, Saltykov was rehabilitated. On May 15, 1763, he was appointed commander-in-Chief of Moscow. He exercised this function until November 13, 1771 when he was dismissed from office by [[Catherine II]] because he had fled Moscow during an epidemic of plague to take refuge in his domain of Marfino. During his absence a serious riot had taken place in the city on September 16.
 +
 
 +
Saltykov died on December 15, 1772.
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
This article is mostly a compilation of the following Wikipedia articles:
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This article is mostly a translation of the following text, which is in the public domain:
 +
*Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: ''Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen'', Part 3 ''Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763'', Vol. 10 ''Kunersdorf'', Berlin, 1912, Anhang 3
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...and a compilation of the following Wikipedia articles:
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyotr_Saltykov English Wikipedia – Pyotr Saltykov]
 
*[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pyotr_Saltykov English Wikipedia – Pyotr Saltykov]
 
*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pjotr_Semjonowitsch_Saltykow German Wikipedia – Pjotr Semjonowitsch Saltykow]
 
*[http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pjotr_Semjonowitsch_Saltykow German Wikipedia – Pjotr Semjonowitsch Saltykow]

Latest revision as of 12:36, 29 May 2020

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Personalities >> Saltykov, Count Piotr Semionovitch

Saltykov, count Piotr Semionovich

Major-General (1733-41), Lieutenant-General (1741-58), General en Chef (1758-59), Field Marshal (1759-72)

Commander in chief of the Russian Army (1759-60)

born in 1700

died December 15, 1772, near Moscow

Description

Painting of Piotr Semionovich Saltykov - Source: Wikipedia

Piotr Semionovich was the son of General en Chef Count Simon Andreevich Saltykov. He was remotely related to Tsarina Anna Ivanovna.

In 1714, Saltykov joined the Garde but soon, on Peter the Great's instructions, he undertook naval training in France where he spent most of his life until 1733.

In 1733, Saltykov was granted the hereditary title of count and promoted to major-general.

In 1741, Saltykov was promoted to lieutenant-general.

In 1742 and 1743, during the Russo-Swedish War (1741–43), Saltykov under Field Marshal Keith and Lacy against the Swedes.

In 1758, Empress Elizabeth Petrovna promoted Saltykov to general en chef.

In June 1759, Saltykov was appointed commander-in-chief of the Russian army. On July 23, he defeated the Prussian General Wedel at the Battle of Paltzig. A few weeks later, on August 12, assisted by an Austrian corps under Loudon, he won the sanguinary Battle of Kunersdorf against Frederick II. On August 29, Saltykov was promoted to field marshal.

In 1760, Saltykov commanded the Russian army during the campaign in Brandenburg and in Silesia. On October 30, he fell very sick and had to cede command of the army.

During the brief reign of Peter III, Saltykov was not employed by the emperor.

When Catherine II seized power, Saltykov was rehabilitated. On May 15, 1763, he was appointed commander-in-Chief of Moscow. He exercised this function until November 13, 1771 when he was dismissed from office by Catherine II because he had fled Moscow during an epidemic of plague to take refuge in his domain of Marfino. During his absence a serious riot had taken place in the city on September 16.

Saltykov died on December 15, 1772.

References

This article is mostly a translation of the following text, which is in the public domain:

  • Grosser Generalstab Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Grossen, Part 3 Der siebenjährige Krieg 1756-1763, Vol. 10 Kunersdorf, Berlin, 1912, Anhang 3

...and a compilation of the following Wikipedia articles:

Other sources

IB Group History of authorities of the city of Moscow