Difference between revisions of "Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde"

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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
 
[[File:Leibgrenadiergarde Grenadier.jpg|right|frame|Grenadier of the Leibgrenadiergarde in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli]]
 
[[File:Leibgrenadiergarde Grenadier.jpg|right|frame|Grenadier of the Leibgrenadiergarde in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli]]
Raised 1729 with contributions from the infantry regiments under the name ''Grenadiergarde of king Augustus II.'' The I. bataillon in Poland, the II. in Meissen/Saxony. One bataillon partipicated in the 1733-1735 campaigns in Poland. 1737-1740 it was united with the Graf Brühl regiment and now entitled ''Königliche Leibgarde zu Fuß'' [Royal Foot Life Guards]. From 1743 carries the name ''Leibgrenadiergarde''. One bataillon joined the campaigns of 1741 and 1742, and the entire regiment the one of 1745. January 1746, after the battle of Kesseldorff, the so entitled Hubertusburg grenadier company, and count Promnitz Free-Company of Grenadiers were incorporated. 1756 it became prisoner at Pirna. The entire regiment had been distributed among the Prussian infantry, for the the men refused to take the oath on the king of Prussia. 1757 the ''Referenten'' of this regiment were rallied in Hungary and partipicated in all campaigns along with the French Armies till 1763. After the peace settlement of Hubertusburg the regt. was reraised from the veterans, a newly Warsaw raised bataillon, and this regts. detachment, that served on the [neutral] fortress Königstein for the duration of the war. It reformed in 3 bataillons with 14 coys. In 1764 it was reduced to 2 bataillons with 10 coys.
+
The regiment was raised in 1729 with contributions from the infantry regiments under the name ''Grenadiergarde of king Augustus II.'' The first battalion was posted in Poland; the second, in Meissen in Saxony.  
 +
 
 +
During the War of the Polish Succession, one battalion took part in the campaigns in Poland.  
 +
 
 +
From 1737 to 1740, the regiment was amalgamated with Graf Brühl Infantry and named ''Königliche Leibgarde zu Fuß'' [Royal Foot Life Guards].
 +
 
 +
At the outbreak of the [[War of the Austrian Succession]], one battalion of the regiment took part in the campaigns of 1741 and 1742. From 1743, the regiment was designated as the ''Leibgrenadiergarde''. In 1745, the entire regiment took part in the campaign. On January 1746, after the Battle of Kesselsdorf, the so so-called ''Hubertusburg Grenadier Company'', and Count Promnitz Free-Company of Grenadiers were incorporated into the regiment.
 +
 
 +
By 1754, the regiment garrisoned Dresden.
 +
 
 +
After the [[1763 - Treaty of Hubertusburg|Treaty of Hubertusburg]], the regiment was re-raised from the veterans, from a new battalion raised in Warsaw, and from the detachment who served in the [neutral] Fortress of Königstein during the war. It thus reformed in 3 battalions with 14 coys.
 +
 
 +
In 1764, the regiment was reduced to 2 battalions  with 10 coys.
  
 
'''Seven Years' War Organisation'''
 
'''Seven Years' War Organisation'''
  
1756 état with 14 grenadier coys formed in 2 bns and 2 flank grenadier coys with some 1,684 men. In 1757 the regiment had not been reformed. The grenadiers, instead, served as the grenadier coys of Garde, Prinz Maximilian, and Prinz Joseph, as part of the Saxon auxilliary corps in French service.
+
As per the 1756 État, the regiment counted 14 grenadier companies formed in 2 battalions and 2 flank grenadier companies for a total of 1,684 men. In 1757 the regiment was not reformed. The grenadiers, instead, served as the grenadier companies of the Garde zu Fuss, Prinz Maximilian Infantry and Prinz Joseph Infantry, in the Saxon auxilliary corps in French service.
  
 
'''Chef'''  
 
'''Chef'''  
*from 1740 to his resignation in 1763: Generalfeldmarschall Count Rutowsky
+
*from 1740 to his resignation in 1763: [[Rutowsky, Friedrich Augustus, Count|Field-Marshal Count Rutowsky]]
  
 
'''Kommandeur'''
 
'''Kommandeur'''
*from 1753 to his resignation in 1763: Major-general Count zu Solms
+
*from 1753 to his resignation in 1763: Major-General Count zu Solms
 
<br clear="all">
 
<br clear="all">
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
At the end of August 1756, when [[Frederick II]] launched the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Rochow, as part of von Stolberg's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender.
+
At the end of August 1756, when [[Frederick II]] launched the [[1756 - Prussian invasion of Saxony|invasion of Saxony]], the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Rochow, as part of von Stolberg's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender and the entire regiment was distributed among Prussian infantry regiments, because its men refused to take the oath to the King of Prussia.  
  
To do: description of the actions of the regiment from 1757 to 1763.
+
In 1757, the ''Reverenten'' of the regiment were rallied in Hungary and participated in all campaigns along with the French Armies till 1763.
  
 
==Uniform==
 
==Uniform==
 
Upon its creation, the unit wore yellow uniforms. Their uniform changed to white in 1738 and to scarlet in 1741. It then  remained the same.
 
Upon its creation, the unit wore yellow uniforms. Their uniform changed to white in 1738 and to scarlet in 1741. It then  remained the same.
 
===Privates===
 
===Privates===
 +
[[File:Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde Uniform Plate.jpg|left|frame|Uniforms - Source: R. Couture from a template by Hannoverdidi]]
 
{| class="tblunout"
 
{| class="tblunout"
 
|+<big>'''Uniform Details'''</big>
 
|+<big>'''Uniform Details'''</big>
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|'''Musketeer'''||not applicable, all troopers were grenadiers
 
|'''Musketeer'''||not applicable, all troopers were grenadiers
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Grenadier'''||mitre (Prussian style) with a silver front plate and headband, yellow back with red piping, red within yellow pompom
+
|'''Grenadier'''||[[File:Leibgrenadiergarde Grenadier Mitre Cap.jpg|right|frame|Leibgrenadiergarde Grenadier Mitre Cap in 1756 - Source: Frédéric Aubert]]mitre (Prussian style) with a silver front plate and a white headband, lemon yellow sack with red piping, red within lemon yellow pompom on a red round base. A source is giving to the 2nd battalion a grenadier mitre cap with a brass front plate, a white headband, lemon yellow sack with white piping, yellow pompom on a white round base
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
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{| class="tblunin"
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Collar'''||yellow
+
|'''Collar'''||lemon yellow
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Shoulder&nbsp;Straps'''||red fastened with a small silver button
 
|'''Shoulder&nbsp;Straps'''||red fastened with a small silver button
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Lapels'''||yellow with 7 silver buttons
+
|'''Lapels'''||lemon yellow with 6 (3x2) silver buttons (a source is showing 6 white buttonholes also)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets, each with 3 silver buttons and 3 white buttonholes
 
|'''Pockets'''||horizontal pockets, each with 3 silver buttons and 3 white buttonholes
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Cuffs'''||yellow with 2 silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes
+
|'''Cuffs'''||lemon yellow with 2 horizontal silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes (a source is showing 2 vertical silver buttons on the cuffs + 2 vertical white buttonholes above the cuffs)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Turnbacks'''||yellow
+
|'''Turnbacks'''||lemon yellow fastened with a silver button
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Waistcoat'''||yellow with silver buttons and horizontal pockets
+
|'''Waistcoat'''||lemon yellow with horizontal pockets with 3 silver buttons
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Breeches'''||straw
+
|'''Breeches'''||straw (or white or lemon yellow)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Gaiters'''||black (white for parade)
 
|'''Gaiters'''||black (white for parade)
Line 77: Line 90:
  
 
Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sword.
 
Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sword.
 +
 
===Officers===
 
===Officers===
 
[[File:Leibgrenadiergarde Colonel Rutowsky.jpg|right|frame|Colonel Rutowsky of the Leibgrenadiergarde wearing the old yellow uniform worn between 1729 and 1738 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli]]
 
[[File:Leibgrenadiergarde Colonel Rutowsky.jpg|right|frame|Colonel Rutowsky of the Leibgrenadiergarde wearing the old yellow uniform worn between 1729 and 1738 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli]]
Officers and NCOs wore a black tricorne laced silver with a white cockade.
+
Officers wore uniform similar to those of the troopers with the following differences:
 +
*silver laced buttonholes
 +
*lapels edged silver
 +
*silver sash around the waist
 
<br clear="all">
 
<br clear="all">
 +
===NCOs===
 +
NCOs wore uniform similar to those of the troopers with the following differences:
 +
*lapels and cuffs edged silver
 +
 
===Musicians===
 
===Musicians===
???
+
Drummers, oboists and fifers wore reversed colour coats (yellow with red collar, red lapels edged white, red cuffs edged white, red turnbacks, yellow pocket flaps edged white, red swallow nests edged white, white chevrons on each sleeve). They also wore yellow waistcoats and breeches.
 +
 
 
==Colours==
 
==Colours==
 +
'''Leibfahne''': white field. In the centre an ermine mantel backed light blue, crowned with a royal gold crown. On the mantelgold, four shields wearing the Polish arms (white eagle on a red field), the arms of Lithuania (white knight riding a horse on a red field), the royal "AR" in gold on a light blue field, , the arms of Saxony (two crossed crimson swords on a field of black over white and a lime green crown on a black and yellow stripe field). A flaming grenade in each corner. A richly designed border in the distinctive color (lemon yellow) with a red piping.
  
To do: brief textual description of flags
+
'''Ordinarfahne''': lemon yellow field. In the centre an ermine mantel backed light blue, crowned with a royal gold crown. On the mantelgold, four shields wearing the Polish arms (white eagle on a red field), the arms of Lithuania (white knight riding a horse on a red field), the royal "AR" in gold on a light blue field, , the arms of Saxony (two crossed crimson swords on a field of black over white and a lime green crown on a black and yellow stripe field). A flaming grenade in each corner. A richly designed border in red with a white piping.
  
Colonel Flag: ???
+
{| align="center"
 +
|- valign="top"
 +
|[[File:Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde Colonel Flag.jpg|frame|Leibfahne - Source: Frédéric Aubert]]
 +
||[[File:Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde Ordonnance Flag.jpg|frame|Ordinarfahne – Source: Frédéric Aubert]]
 +
|}
  
Regimental Flag: ???
 
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
Origin and History: editors translation from "Geschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand der Kursächsischen Armee." (History and present state of the Saxon Army.) 2nd edition, part IX, Dresden 1793.
 
Origin and History: editors translation from "Geschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand der Kursächsischen Armee." (History and present state of the Saxon Army.) 2nd edition, part IX, Dresden 1793.
  
 
[[Category:Saxon Land Unit]]
 
[[Category:Saxon Land Unit]]

Latest revision as of 06:39, 3 August 2018

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde

Origin and History

Grenadier of the Leibgrenadiergarde in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

The regiment was raised in 1729 with contributions from the infantry regiments under the name Grenadiergarde of king Augustus II. The first battalion was posted in Poland; the second, in Meissen in Saxony.

During the War of the Polish Succession, one battalion took part in the campaigns in Poland.

From 1737 to 1740, the regiment was amalgamated with Graf Brühl Infantry and named Königliche Leibgarde zu Fuß [Royal Foot Life Guards].

At the outbreak of the War of the Austrian Succession, one battalion of the regiment took part in the campaigns of 1741 and 1742. From 1743, the regiment was designated as the Leibgrenadiergarde. In 1745, the entire regiment took part in the campaign. On January 1746, after the Battle of Kesselsdorf, the so so-called Hubertusburg Grenadier Company, and Count Promnitz Free-Company of Grenadiers were incorporated into the regiment.

By 1754, the regiment garrisoned Dresden.

After the Treaty of Hubertusburg, the regiment was re-raised from the veterans, from a new battalion raised in Warsaw, and from the detachment who served in the [neutral] Fortress of Königstein during the war. It thus reformed in 3 battalions with 14 coys.

In 1764, the regiment was reduced to 2 battalions with 10 coys.

Seven Years' War Organisation

As per the 1756 État, the regiment counted 14 grenadier companies formed in 2 battalions and 2 flank grenadier companies for a total of 1,684 men. In 1757 the regiment was not reformed. The grenadiers, instead, served as the grenadier companies of the Garde zu Fuss, Prinz Maximilian Infantry and Prinz Joseph Infantry, in the Saxon auxilliary corps in French service.

Chef

Kommandeur

  • from 1753 to his resignation in 1763: Major-General Count zu Solms


Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II launched the invasion of Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Rochow, as part of von Stolberg's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender and the entire regiment was distributed among Prussian infantry regiments, because its men refused to take the oath to the King of Prussia.

In 1757, the Reverenten of the regiment were rallied in Hungary and participated in all campaigns along with the French Armies till 1763.

Uniform

Upon its creation, the unit wore yellow uniforms. Their uniform changed to white in 1738 and to scarlet in 1741. It then remained the same.

Privates

Uniforms - Source: R. Couture from a template by Hannoverdidi
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer not applicable, all troopers were grenadiers
Grenadier
Leibgrenadiergarde Grenadier Mitre Cap in 1756 - Source: Frédéric Aubert
mitre (Prussian style) with a silver front plate and a white headband, lemon yellow sack with red piping, red within lemon yellow pompom on a red round base. A source is giving to the 2nd battalion a grenadier mitre cap with a brass front plate, a white headband, lemon yellow sack with white piping, yellow pompom on a white round base
Neckstock red
Coat red with 2 silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar lemon yellow
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a small silver button
Lapels lemon yellow with 6 (3x2) silver buttons (a source is showing 6 white buttonholes also)
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 silver buttons and 3 white buttonholes
Cuffs lemon yellow with 2 horizontal silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes (a source is showing 2 vertical silver buttons on the cuffs + 2 vertical white buttonholes above the cuffs)
Turnbacks lemon yellow fastened with a silver button
Waistcoat lemon yellow with horizontal pockets with 3 silver buttons
Breeches straw (or white or lemon yellow)
Gaiters black (white for parade)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Pouch black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sword.

Officers

Colonel Rutowsky of the Leibgrenadiergarde wearing the old yellow uniform worn between 1729 and 1738 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

Officers wore uniform similar to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • silver laced buttonholes
  • lapels edged silver
  • silver sash around the waist


NCOs

NCOs wore uniform similar to those of the troopers with the following differences:

  • lapels and cuffs edged silver

Musicians

Drummers, oboists and fifers wore reversed colour coats (yellow with red collar, red lapels edged white, red cuffs edged white, red turnbacks, yellow pocket flaps edged white, red swallow nests edged white, white chevrons on each sleeve). They also wore yellow waistcoats and breeches.

Colours

Leibfahne: white field. In the centre an ermine mantel backed light blue, crowned with a royal gold crown. On the mantelgold, four shields wearing the Polish arms (white eagle on a red field), the arms of Lithuania (white knight riding a horse on a red field), the royal "AR" in gold on a light blue field, , the arms of Saxony (two crossed crimson swords on a field of black over white and a lime green crown on a black and yellow stripe field). A flaming grenade in each corner. A richly designed border in the distinctive color (lemon yellow) with a red piping.

Ordinarfahne: lemon yellow field. In the centre an ermine mantel backed light blue, crowned with a royal gold crown. On the mantelgold, four shields wearing the Polish arms (white eagle on a red field), the arms of Lithuania (white knight riding a horse on a red field), the royal "AR" in gold on a light blue field, , the arms of Saxony (two crossed crimson swords on a field of black over white and a lime green crown on a black and yellow stripe field). A flaming grenade in each corner. A richly designed border in red with a white piping.

Leibfahne - Source: Frédéric Aubert
Ordinarfahne – Source: Frédéric Aubert

References

Origin and History: editors translation from "Geschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand der Kursächsischen Armee." (History and present state of the Saxon Army.) 2nd edition, part IX, Dresden 1793.