Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Saxon Leibgrenadiergarde

Origin and History

Grenadier of the Leibgrenadiergarde in 1756 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

Raised 1729 with contributions from the infantry regiments under the name Grenadiergarde of king Augustus II. The I. bataillon in Poland, the II. in Meissen/Saxony. One bataillon partipicated in the 1733-1735 campaigns in Poland. 1737-1740 it was united with the Graf Brühl regiment and now entitled Königliche Leibgarde zu Fuß [Royal Foot Life Guards]. From 1743 carries the name Leibgrenadiergarde. One bataillon joined the campaigns of 1741 and 1742, and the entire regiment the one of 1745. January 1746, after the battle of Kesseldorff, the so entitled Hubertusburg grenadier company, and count Promnitz Free-Company of Grenadiers were incorporated. 1756 it became prisoner at Pirna. The entire regiment had been distributed among the Prussian infantry, for the the men refused to take the oath on the king of Prussia. 1757 the Referenten of this regiment were rallied in Hungary and partipicated in all campaigns along with the French Armies till 1763. After the peace settlement of Hubertusburg the regt. was reraised from the veterans, a newly Warsaw raised bataillon, and this regts. detachment, that served on the [neutral] fortress Königstein for the duration of the war. It reformed in 3 bataillons with 14 coys. In 1764 it was reduced to 2 bataillons with 10 coys.

Seven Years' War Organisation

1756 état with 14 grenadier coys formed in 2 bns and 2 flank grenadier coys with some 1,684 men. In 1757 the regiment had not been reformed. The grenadiers, instead, served as the grenadier coys of Garde, Prinz Maximilian, and Prinz Joseph, as part of the Saxon auxilliary corps in French service.

Chef

  • from 1740 to his resignation in 1763: Generalfeldmarschall Count Rutowsky

Kommandeur

  • from 1753 to his resignation in 1763: Major-general Count zu Solms


Service during the War

At the end of August 1756, when Frederick II launched the invasion of Saxony, the regiment retired to Pirna with the rest of the Saxon army. At Pirna, the regiment was deployed on the right wing under von Rochow, as part of von Stolberg's Brigade. The Prussians blockaded the Saxon army in Pirna from September 9 until October 15 when the Saxons finally had to surrender.

To do: description of the actions of the regiment from 1757 to 1763.

Uniform

Upon its creation, the unit wore yellow uniforms. Their uniform changed to white in 1738 and to scarlet in 1741. It then remained the same.

Privates

Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer not applicable, all troopers were grenadiers
Grenadier mitre (Prussian style) with a silver front plate and headband, yellow back with red piping, red within yellow pompom
Neckstock red
Coat red with 2 silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes under the lapels
Collar yellow
Shoulder Straps red fastened with a small silver button
Lapels yellow with 7 silver buttons
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 silver buttons and 3 white buttonholes
Cuffs yellow with 2 silver buttons and 2 white buttonholes
Turnbacks yellow
Waistcoat yellow with silver buttons and horizontal pockets
Breeches straw
Gaiters black (white for parade)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Pouch black
Bayonet Scabbard brown
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black shoes


Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sword.

Officers

Colonel Rutowsky of the Leibgrenadiergarde wearing the old yellow uniform worn between 1729 and 1738 - Copyright: Franco Saudelli

Officers and NCOs wore a black tricorne laced silver with a white cockade.

Musicians

???

Colours

To do: brief textual description of flags

Colonel Flag: ???

Regimental Flag: ???

References

Origin and History: editors translation from "Geschichte und gegenwärtiger Zustand der Kursächsischen Armee." (History and present state of the Saxon Army.) 2nd edition, part IX, Dresden 1793.