Saxon Line Infantry Uniform

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Saxon Army >> Saxon Line Infantry Uniform

Hat

Black tricorne laced in the metal colour with a woollen pompom (Puschel).

Soldiers also had a Feldmutze (fatigue cap) similar to those used as in Prussian army (aka Lagermutze or Schlaffmutze).

Coat, Waistcoat, Breeches

Gross Montur

Uniform consisted of the so-called Gross Montur (Big Uniform) and Klein Montur (Small Uniform).

The neck was protected by a neck stock (Halstuch) made of black or red crepe/etamin and linen lining and fastened with a brass buckle (contrarily to the Prussian army, where only strings were used).

The Gross Montur consisted of coat (Rock), for some regiments the coat had lapels (Klappen / Rabatten), but all had cuffs (Aufschlagen) and collar (Kragen) in the distinctive colour of the regiment. Coats were made of woollen white cloth and lined with bay (woollen cloth) in the distinctive colour of regiment. Sleeves had a linen lining. Two sizes of buttons were used on the coat.

Waistcoats (Weste) were made of woollen cloth in the distinctive colour of the regiment, they were lined with linen (privates) or bay (for NCOs). During winter, sleeves with lining were attached to the waistcoats.

In Fall, Winter and Spring, soldiers wore woollen cloth breeches (Hose), most probably lined with linen (as in the Polish Army).

The Gross Montur was renewed each two years (sometimes longer).

Klein Montur

Klein Montur consisted mostly of small cloth (Beikleiderung), more precisely:

  • shirts (Hemd) supplied at a rate of two or three per year, depending on the dispositions of the Chief of the regiment;
  • halfshirts supplied at a rate of one per year or per two years;
  • linen breeches (Linen Hose) supplied at a rate of one pair per year;
  • shoes supplied at a rate of three pairs per two years, sometimes with extra soles;
  • black woollen band for the pigtail (Haarzopf) the length of the band supplied varied (sometimes whole pigtails made of leather or hemp were supplied);
  • gaiters (Gamaschen) made of linen or twill, one pair of white gaiters for summer and parades, and one pair of black gaiters for bad weather;
    • fastened with a leather strap (Knieriemen or Kniegürtel)
    • one set of brass (or tin) buttons (three dozens during the 1750s and 1760s, sometimes only 20 to 24)

Klein Montur where supplied by company every year.

In addition to the elements of uniform mentioned above, soldiers also received a porte-épée (woollen tassel) worn on the side arm.

Personal belongings

Several sources list the following personal belongings as necessary for military service:

  • hairpin
  • comb
  • moustache comb
  • brass polishing brush
  • shoe brush
  • cloth brush
  • Putzhoelzer (some kind of tool for polishing)
  • needle and threads (in regimental colours)
  • knife
  • mirror (used for ex. by Polish Guards in Warsaw)
  • shoe wax
  • moustache wax
  • paintbrush for leather work
  • paper (for adjusting the hair and making sidelocks for night)
  • powder
  • chalk
  • glue
  • stuff carried for cleaning metal parts of arms like
  • bottle with oil

Overcoat

The Küttel (overcoat) made of rough undyed linen without lapels and other distinction used to replace the coat for everyday service in camp. This overcoat was sometimes used for guard duty during summer. Several sources also mention the use of the Küttel in the Polish Crown Army during drill exercises or to protect the coat during raining day.

The Sourtuts (surtout overcoat) made of different colour of cloth (green brown, red) with bay lining.

Gaiters, Stockings and Shoes

Soldiers were provided with one pair of stockings (Strumpf).

Faiters were fastened by very small buttons.

Black leather square toed shoes with a brass buckle.

Leather Equipment

Leather equipment consisted of a Patronentasch (cartridge box) on a Riemen (belt) in which musketeers carried their ammunition (cartridge) while the grenadiers carried hand grenades. The grenadiers carried their ammunition in a Cartouchen.

All soldiers had a belt to hang their siedearm.

Additionally every NCO and private soldier carried a Tornister (backpack) with personal belongings and extra shirts. During a field campaigned they have been obliqued (obligowany) to carring also Tents (śledzie). Grenadierzeug Grenadiers despite all the previous mentioned parts of equipment carried also match for hand grenade (Luntverberger) attached to cartridge box belt. Also addictional to the muskeeters hat, they have Grenadiers’ Mitre.

References

Acknowledgments

Tomasz Karpiński for the initial version of this article