Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Schaumburg-Lippe Army >> Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg Infantry

Origin and History

In 1748, when Wilhelm inherited the County of Schaumburg-Lippe, he immediately began to increase the grenadier company to form a grenadier battalion. In 1752, this unit comprised two grenadier companies; in 1754, four companies.

In 1756, the battalion consisted of four fusilier and one grenadier companies; and in 1757, of seven (?) fusilier and two grenadier companies. The battalion (or regiment as it was officially desiganted) garrisoned Bückeburg until the Seven Years' War.

In 1760, each company of the regiment was equipped with two 1-pdr falconets.

The regimental Inhaber was: Count Wilhelm zu Schaumburg Lippe, but the unit was commanded by:

  • from 17??: Colonel von Böhm

On September 5, 1763, the battalion was reduced to to four companies.

On February 17, 1787, the regiment was disbanded. Its officers were released from their oath and, for the most part, transferred to the Hessian service.

Service during the War

On April 24, 1757, the regiment marched to join the Allied army campaigning against the French in Western Germany. On July 26, the regiment took part in the Battle of Hastenbeck where it was deployed in Block’s Brigade, in the first line of the right wing.

On June 18 1758, the regiment was part of Wangenheim's Corps who passed the Rhine at Duisburg. On June 23, the regiment took part in the Battle of Krefeld where it was deployed on the right wing under the command of the Hereditary Prince of Brunswick. Along with the Hessian Wutginau and Prinz Karl regiments, it drove off a French cavalry attack. On October 10, it took part in the Battle of Lutterberg where it was deployed in Zastrow's Brigade in the first line of the centre. During the night of October 10 to 11, as part of the rearguard, the regiment drove back French hussars who were pursuing the retreating Allied army. In December, when the Allied army took up its winter quarters in Westphalia, the regiment was quartered in the Bishopric of Paderborn.

In June 1759, the regiment was part of Imhoff's Corps operating in Hesse. On July 22, during the French offensive in western Germany, Wangenheim's Corps, now numbering some 10,000 men, took new positions near Minden with the Bückeburg Infantry encamped near the windwill before Petershagen. On August 1, the regiment took part in the battle of Minden where it was deployed in Wangenheim's Corps between Kutenhausen and the Weser, in the first line of the infantry centre, escorting the Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg detachment of Artillery.

On July 16 1761, the regiment was present at the Battle of Vellinghausen, the regiment was attached to the infantry of the central corps.

By May 23 1762, the regiment was attached to the Allied Main Army where it escorted the artillery. On June 24, it took part in the Battle of Wilhelmsthal where it was attached to the 4th column, still escorting the artillery.

At the end of the war, the regiment served as an occupation force in Minden. On January 27, 1763, it marched from Minden to return home. The staff and five companies were initially billeted in Stadthagen, while two companies were quartered in Hagenburg. In September, after the reduction of regiment, the four remaining companies were stationed in the Fortress of Wilhelmstein in Bückeburg, and in Blomberg, Schieber, and Alverdissen.

Uniform

Description of the uniform of 1762 based on Wilmans' document kept in the Staatsarchiv Bückeburg.

Privates

Uniform - Source: David from Not By Appointment
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with red/white pom poms
Grenadier fusilier type brass fronted with a 'W' monogram
Neckstock red
Coat blue with 6 pewter buttons on each side and 2 pewter butoons at the waist on the left side
Collar red
Lapels none
Cuffs red Swedish-style cuffs, each with 2 pewter buttons (maybe blue for grenadiers)
Turnbacks red fastened with a pewter button
Waistcoat white
Breeches white
Gaiters black (long for the musketeers, very short for the grenadiers)
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt white
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown
Footgear black shoes (maybe short black ankle boots for grenadiers)


Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as privates with the following distinctions:

  • silver braid edging the collar and the cuffs

Officers

Officiers wore a gorget.

Musicians

No known particulars

Colours

Hereafter, we present illustration of the reconstructions of the colours of Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg Infantry by the reenactors of the Infanterieregiment Graf Wilhelm der Weckbatterie Wölpinghausen e.V. The colours are based on illustrations in the Register Book of the regiment. They date from a few years after the Seven Years' War, because there are "bâtons de maréchal" shown on the colour, a distinction that Count Wilhelm received only in 1762.

The colours carried during the Seven Years' War were probably quite similar but without the "bâtons de maréchal."

Colonel Colour: white field; centre device consisting of the crowned cipher "W" on an ermine cloak; a blue scroll below carrying the motto PULCHRUM MORI SUCCURIT IN EXTREMIS in gold; corner devices consisting of tow pairs of "bâtons de maréchal" and two unidentified devices.

Colonel Colour - Source: Reproduced with the kind authorisation of Infanterieregiment Graf Wilhelm der Weckbatterie Wölpinghausen e.V

Regimental Colours: blue field; centre device consisting of a the crowned arms of Shaumburg-Lippe over a pair of "bâtons de maréchal" and surrounded by the collar of the Prussian Military Order of the Black Eagle; a white scroll below carrying the motto PULCHRUM MORI SUCCURIT IN EXTREMIS; corner devices consisting of the crowned cipher "W" in silver.

Regimental Colour - Source: Reproduced with the kind authorisation of Infanterieregiment Graf Wilhelm der Weckbatterie Wölpinghausen e.V

References

Düring, G. W. von: Geschichte des Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburgischen Karabinier- und Jäger-Korps. Berlin 1828 - online Google books

Knötel, R.: Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow, 1890-1921, Vol. XV, Plate 36, Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg. Jäger, Grenadier, Musketier, Bombardier, Ingenieur. 1765.

Ulmenstein, Christian Ulrich Baron von: Die Offiziere des Schaumburg-Lippischen Truppenkorps 1648 – 1867

Wilmans, M.: Anciennete von Seiner Hoch-Reichs-Gräflichen Erlauchten! des Regierenden Herrn Graffen zur Schaumburg-Lippe, und Sternberg, Ritter des Königl-Preushen Grossen-Ordens, von Schwarzen Adler! General en Chef Seiner Königl. Maj. von Portugal Combinirten Armée, Infanterie Regiment, Grenadier-Garde, Carabenier zu Pferd, und Jäger zu Füss, imgleichen Artillerie, wie auch Ingenieur, und Mineur-Corps; Benebst denen Fahnen-Divisen, und Uniform, Bückeburg den 12. Juny 1762, Staatsarchiv Bückeburg au F 1 A XXXV 18 Nr 73

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.