Origin and History
In 1748, when Wilhelm inherited the County of Schaumburg-Lippe, he immediately began to increase the “Leib-Grenadier-Kompagnie,” which previously counted 70 men (including elderly and invalids, and excluding officers). By October 1749, the company counted 114 men, excluding officers; and by April 1751, 218 officers and men.
In April 1752, this unit was reorganised in 3 companies: a Leibkompagnie, the 2nd Infanterie-Kompagnie and 1 gunner company and renamed “Garnison-Bataillon Bückeburg.” By the end of the year, the 2 companies totalled 233 men, including officers. In May 1753, these two companies counted 258 men, including officers.
In February 1754, the “Garnison-Bataillon Bückeburg” was increased to four companies for a total of 407 men, including officers. In November, a fifth company (a grenadier company) was added to the unit. By September 1755, these five companies of approx. 100 men each (for the first time four of these companies are designated as fusiliers) totalled 465 men, including officers. About 85% of the NCOs and men came from the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe, while most officers came from other German principalities, France, Hungary, Slovenia and Switzerland.
In such a small principality, the battalion was not on a full-time service. During 11 months, only about a third of the battalion was on active service and the entire battalion was assembled only in September for the great exercises.
In April 1756, the five companies of the “Garnison-Bataillon Bückeburg” counted 477, including officers. In August 1756, Count Wilhelm zu Schaumburg Lippe signed a subsidies contract with Hanover by which he agreed to supply an infantry regiment (Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg Infantry aka Fusilier-Regiment) to the Allied army. This regiment was organised in a single battalion of seven companies, each of 114 men, as other Hanoverian infantry regiments. Additional troops were raised to meet this commitment. Furthermore, Count Wilhelm kept two companies: the “Leibgrenadierkompagnie” (Captain von Pastelberger) and another grenadier company (Lieutenant von Zielberg), in his own service, designating them as the “Grenadier-Garde,”
In 1757, when he personally joined the Allied army, Count Wilhelm was allowed to bring with him his “Grenadier-Garde” and his Carabiniercorps, which would both remain at his own disposal.
By March 1758, the unit consisted of 2 companies totalling 123 officers and men:
- Leibgrenadier Company (3 officers, 5 NCOs, 1 drummer, 69 grenadiers, for a total of 78 men)
- 2nd Grenadier Company (no officer, 4 NCOs, 41 grenadiers, for a total of 45 men)
By December 1758, the two companies were at full strength (108 men, including officers).
In 1760, each grenadier company was equipped with two 1-pdr falconets.
From 1762, the unit was named “Grenadiergarde.”
Service during the War
Description of the uniform of 1762 based on Praetorius' document.
N.B.: no information is available on the back of the mitre cap, here we assume that it was similar to a Prussian fusilier cap
|Coat||blue with 2 pewter buttons at the waist on the left side
|Gaiters||no information available|
Troopers were armed with a musket, a bayonet and a sabre.
NCOs wore the same uniform as privates with the following distinctions:
- silver braid edging the collar and the cuffs
Officiers wore a gorget.
No known particulars
Hereafter, we present tentative reconstructions of the colours of Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg Grenadier-Garde at the time of the Seven Years' War. It is mentioned that, during this period, the grenadiers carried two colours.
Warning: these tentative reconstructions are still work in progress and may be modified again.
To recontruct these colours were made several assumptions:
- as for the blue colour illustrated in the Register Book of the regiment in 1771, the centre device of the company colour would carry the crowned arms of the County of Schaumburg-Lippe, but without the "bâtons de maréchal (a rank obtained by Count Wilhelm only in 1762)
- similarly to the blue colour illustrated in the Register Book of the regiment in 1771, their centre device would carry the collar of the Prussian Military Order of the Black Eagle (the distinction had been awarded to Count Wilhelm on June 14, 1751)
- contrarily to the blue colour illustrated in the Register Book of the regiment in 1771, there are no corner devices because no mention is made of them in the textual description that we have found
- since the crown surmounting the arms first appeared on coinage only in 1762, it is possible that the centre device might have been surmounted by a knight helm instead of a crown. We chose to represent the corwn.
Colonel Colour: white field; centre device consisting of the crowned monogram of Count Wilhelm of Shaumburg-Lippe on an ermine mantle; a light blue scroll below carrying the motto UBI GLORIA OMNE PERICULUM DULCE in gold.
Company Colour: white field; centre device consisting of the crowned arms of Shaumburg-Lippe surmounted by a crown and surrounded by the collar of the Order of the Black Eagle.
Düring, G. W. von: Geschichte des Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburgischen Karabinier- und Jäger-Korps. Berlin 1828 - online Google books
Froriep, J. F.: [7 Zur Erinnerung an den Herrn Oberstlieutenant Johann Casimir von Monkewitz], Bückeburg 1789
Hübinger, Erich: Graf Wilhelm zu Schaumburg-Lippe und seine Wehr, Verlag Robert Noske, Borna-Leipzig 1937
Klein, Hans. H.: Wilhelm zu Schaumburg-Lippe, Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1982
Knötel, R.: Uniformkunde, Lose Blätter zur Geschichte der Entwicklung der militärischen Tracht, Rathenow, 1890-1921, Vol. XV, Plate 36, Schaumburg-Lippe-Bückeburg. Jäger, Grenadier, Musketier, Bombardier, Ingenieur. 1765.
Ulmenstein, Christian Ulrich Baron von: Die Offiziere des Schaumburg-Lippischen Truppenkorps 1648 – 1867
Wilmans, M.: Anciennete von Seiner Hoch-Reichs-Gräflichen Erlauchten! des Regierenden Herrn Graffen zur Schaumburg-Lippe, und Sternberg, Ritter des Königl-Preushen Grossen-Ordens, von Schwarzen Adler! General en Chef Seiner Königl. Maj. von Portugal Combinirten Armée, Infanterie Regiment, Grenadier-Garde, Carabenier zu Pferd, und Jäger zu Füss, imgleichen Artillerie, wie auch Ingenieur, und Mineur-Corps; Benebst denen Fahnen-Divisen, und Uniform, Bückeburg den 12. Juny 1762, Staatsarchiv Bückeburg au F 1 A XXXV 18 Nr 73
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Boris Brink and Volker Scholz for the major revision of this article in April 2021