Difference between revisions of "Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, Count von"

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Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von
 
Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von
  
Prussian general field marshal (1740-57)
+
Swedish Major-General (1718-20) Prussian Major-General (1720-31), Lieutenant-General (1731-39) General of Infantry (1739-40), Field Marshal (1740-57)
  
 
born October 26, 1684, Löwitz, Pomerania
 
born October 26, 1684, Löwitz, Pomerania
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==Description==
 
==Description==
 
[[File:Schwerin.jpg|right|frame|Portrait of Kurt Christoph Count von Schwerin]]
 
[[File:Schwerin.jpg|right|frame|Portrait of Kurt Christoph Count von Schwerin]]
In 1700, Schwerin joined the regiment of his uncle, the lieutenant-general Dettlof von Schwerin, in the company of his brother, the lieutenant-colonel Bernd Detlof von Schwerin.
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In 1700, Schwerin joined the regiment of his uncle, Lieutenant-General Dettlof von Schwerin, in the company of his brother, Lieutenant-Colonel Bernd Detlof von Schwerin.
  
In 1701, at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, this regiment was transferred in Dutch service.  
+
In 1701, at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, this regiment was transferred to Dutch service.  
  
 
In 1704, Schwerin served at the Schellenberg and at Blenheim.  
 
In 1704, Schwerin served at the Schellenberg and at Blenheim.  
  
In 1706, Schwerin was present at the battle of Ramillies.
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In 1706, Schwerin was present at the Battle of Ramillies.
  
In 1707, Schwerin became a lieutenant-colonel in the army of the duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
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In 1707, Schwerin became a lieutenant-colonel in the army of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
  
In 1708, Schwerin was promoted colonel.
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In 1708, Schwerin was promoted to colonel.
  
In 1709, Schwerin was present at the battle of Malplaquet.
+
In 1709, Schwerin was present at the Battle of Malplaquet.
  
 
In 1712, Schwerin served with the Swedish commander Stenbock at Gadebusch.  
 
In 1712, Schwerin served with the Swedish commander Stenbock at Gadebusch.  
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In 1713, Schwerin was with Charles XII of Sweden during his captivity at Bender.
 
In 1713, Schwerin was with Charles XII of Sweden during his captivity at Bender.
  
In 1718, Schwerin was made major-general in the Swedish army.
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In 1718, Schwerin was made major-general in the [[Swedish Army]].
  
In 1719, Schwerin opposed the Hanoverian army which invaded Mecklenburg. On March 6, he fought a brilliant action at Walsmuhlen.
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In 1719, Schwerin opposed the [[Hanoverian Army]] which invaded Mecklenburg. On March 6, he fought a brilliant action at Walsmuhlen.
  
In 1720, Schwerin entered the service of the king of Prussia. At first, he was employed in diplomatic missions.
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In 1720, Schwerin entered the service of the King of Prussia. At first, he was employed in diplomatic missions.
  
 
In January 1722, Schwerin received the command of a Prussian infantry regiment.
 
In January 1722, Schwerin received the command of a Prussian infantry regiment.
  
In 1730, as a major-general, Schwerin was a member of the court martial which tried the crown-prince of Prussia (afterwards Frederick II) for desertion.
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In 1730, as a major-general, Schwerin was a member of the court martial which tried the [[Frederick II|Crown-Prince of Prussia]] (the future Frederick II) for desertion.
  
In 1731, Schwerin was promoted lieutenant-general in the Prussian army.
+
In 1731, Schwerin was promoted lieutenant-general in the [[Prussian Army]].
  
 
In 1733, at the head of a Prussian army, Schwerin conducted with great skill the delicate and difficult task of settling the Mecklenburg question.
 
In 1733, at the head of a Prussian army, Schwerin conducted with great skill the delicate and difficult task of settling the Mecklenburg question.
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In 1739, Schwerin was promoted general of infantry. During the life-time of King Frederick William, Schwerin was also employed in much administrative work.  
 
In 1739, Schwerin was promoted general of infantry. During the life-time of King Frederick William, Schwerin was also employed in much administrative work.  
  
On June 30 1740, Frederick II promoted Schwerin to the rank of general field marshal and made him count a month later.
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On June 30 1740, on the eve of the [[War of the Austrian Succession]], [[Frederick II]] promoted Schwerin to the rank of general field marshal and made him count a month later.
  
On April 10 1741, at the battle of Mollwitz, Schwerin justified his sovereign's choice by his brilliant leading, which, when the king had disappeared from the field, converted a doubtful battle into a victory which decided for the time being the fate of Silesia.  
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On April 10 1741, at the Battle of Mollwitz, Schwerin justified his sovereign's choice by his brilliant leadership, which, when the king had disappeared from the field, converted a doubtful battle into a victory which decided for the time being the fate of Silesia.  
  
 
In 1742, after the conclusion of the First Silesian War, Schwerin was governor of the important fortresses of Brieg and Neisse.
 
In 1742, after the conclusion of the First Silesian War, Schwerin was governor of the important fortresses of Brieg and Neisse.
  
In the Second Silesian War (1744-1745), Schwerin commanded the army which, marching from Glatz, met the king's army under the walls of Prague. Schwerin then played an important role in the siege and capture of that place (September 16 1744). When Frederick II was compelled to retreat from Bohemia, Schwerin again distinguished himself. He then retired to his estate during the years of peace.  
+
In the Second Silesian War (1744-1745), Schwerin commanded the army which, marching from Glatz, met the King's army under the walls of Prague. Schwerin then played an important role in the siege and capture of that place (September 16 1744). When Frederick II was compelled to retreat from Bohemia, Schwerin again distinguished himself. He then retired to his estate during the years of peace.  
  
In 1756, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War,  Schwerin reappeared on the field. While Frederick II led the invasion of Saxony, Schwerin conducted the war on the Silesian side of Bohemia.
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In 1756, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War,  Schwerin reappeared on the field. While Frederick II led the invasion of Saxony, Schwerin conducted [[1756 - Prussian operations in Eastern Bohemia|operations in Eastern Bohemia]].
  
In 1757, Scherin led of the Prussian columns who invaded Bohemia. He joined Frederick at Prague. On May 6, he took an active part to the battle of Prague. Leading on a regiment of the left wing to the attack with its colour in his hand, the old field marshal was shot dead.  
+
In 1757, when the Prussian army proceeded to the [[1757 - Prussian invasion of Bohemia|invasion of Bohemia]], Schwerin led one of the Prussian columns. He joined Frederick at Prague. On May 6, he took an active part in the [[1757-05-06 - Battle of Prague|Battle of Prague]]. While leading a regiment of the left wing to the attack with its colour in his hand, the old field marshal was shot dead.  
 
==References==
 
==References==
 
This article incorporates texts from the article "Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von" of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. London: Cambridge University Press, 1911), a publication now in the public domain.
 
This article incorporates texts from the article "Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von" of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. London: Cambridge University Press, 1911), a publication now in the public domain.
  
 
[[Category:Personality]]
 
[[Category:Personality]]

Latest revision as of 06:41, 28 January 2018

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Personalities >> Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, Count von

Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von

Swedish Major-General (1718-20) Prussian Major-General (1720-31), Lieutenant-General (1731-39) General of Infantry (1739-40), Field Marshal (1740-57)

born October 26, 1684, Löwitz, Pomerania

died May 6, 1757, Prague, Bohemia

Description

Portrait of Kurt Christoph Count von Schwerin

In 1700, Schwerin joined the regiment of his uncle, Lieutenant-General Dettlof von Schwerin, in the company of his brother, Lieutenant-Colonel Bernd Detlof von Schwerin.

In 1701, at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, this regiment was transferred to Dutch service.

In 1704, Schwerin served at the Schellenberg and at Blenheim.

In 1706, Schwerin was present at the Battle of Ramillies.

In 1707, Schwerin became a lieutenant-colonel in the army of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.

In 1708, Schwerin was promoted to colonel.

In 1709, Schwerin was present at the Battle of Malplaquet.

In 1712, Schwerin served with the Swedish commander Stenbock at Gadebusch.

In 1713, Schwerin was with Charles XII of Sweden during his captivity at Bender.

In 1718, Schwerin was made major-general in the Swedish Army.

In 1719, Schwerin opposed the Hanoverian Army which invaded Mecklenburg. On March 6, he fought a brilliant action at Walsmuhlen.

In 1720, Schwerin entered the service of the King of Prussia. At first, he was employed in diplomatic missions.

In January 1722, Schwerin received the command of a Prussian infantry regiment.

In 1730, as a major-general, Schwerin was a member of the court martial which tried the Crown-Prince of Prussia (the future Frederick II) for desertion.

In 1731, Schwerin was promoted lieutenant-general in the Prussian Army.

In 1733, at the head of a Prussian army, Schwerin conducted with great skill the delicate and difficult task of settling the Mecklenburg question.

On March 8 1736, Schwerin was admitted into the Order of the Black Eagle.

In 1739, Schwerin was promoted general of infantry. During the life-time of King Frederick William, Schwerin was also employed in much administrative work.

On June 30 1740, on the eve of the War of the Austrian Succession, Frederick II promoted Schwerin to the rank of general field marshal and made him count a month later.

On April 10 1741, at the Battle of Mollwitz, Schwerin justified his sovereign's choice by his brilliant leadership, which, when the king had disappeared from the field, converted a doubtful battle into a victory which decided for the time being the fate of Silesia.

In 1742, after the conclusion of the First Silesian War, Schwerin was governor of the important fortresses of Brieg and Neisse.

In the Second Silesian War (1744-1745), Schwerin commanded the army which, marching from Glatz, met the King's army under the walls of Prague. Schwerin then played an important role in the siege and capture of that place (September 16 1744). When Frederick II was compelled to retreat from Bohemia, Schwerin again distinguished himself. He then retired to his estate during the years of peace.

In 1756, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, Schwerin reappeared on the field. While Frederick II led the invasion of Saxony, Schwerin conducted operations in Eastern Bohemia.

In 1757, when the Prussian army proceeded to the invasion of Bohemia, Schwerin led one of the Prussian columns. He joined Frederick at Prague. On May 6, he took an active part in the Battle of Prague. While leading a regiment of the left wing to the attack with its colour in his hand, the old field marshal was shot dead.

References

This article incorporates texts from the article "Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von" of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. London: Cambridge University Press, 1911), a publication now in the public domain.