Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, Count von
Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von
Prussian general field marshal (1740-57)
born October 26, 1684, Löwitz, Pomerania
died May 6, 1757, Prague, Bohemia
In 1700, Schwerin joined the regiment of his uncle, the lieutenant-general Dettlof von Schwerin, in the company of his brother, the lieutenant-colonel Bernd Detlof von Schwerin.
In 1701, at the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, this regiment was transferred in Dutch service.
In 1704, Schwerin served at the Schellenberg and at Blenheim.
In 1706, Schwerin was present at the battle of Ramillies.
In 1707, Schwerin became a lieutenant-colonel in the army of the duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
In 1708, Schwerin was promoted colonel.
In 1709, Schwerin was present at the battle of Malplaquet.
In 1712, Schwerin served with the Swedish commander Stenbock at Gadebusch.
In 1713, Schwerin was with Charles XII of Sweden during his captivity at Bender.
In 1718, Schwerin was made major-general in the Swedish army.
In 1719, Schwerin opposed the Hanoverian army which invaded Mecklenburg. On March 6, he fought a brilliant action at Walsmuhlen.
In 1720, Schwerin entered the service of the king of Prussia. At first, he was employed in diplomatic missions.
In January 1722, Schwerin received the command of a Prussian infantry regiment.
In 1730, as a major-general, Schwerin was a member of the court martial which tried the crown-prince of Prussia (afterwards Frederick II) for desertion.
In 1731, Schwerin was promoted lieutenant-general in the Prussian army.
In 1733, at the head of a Prussian army, Schwerin conducted with great skill the delicate and difficult task of settling the Mecklenburg question.
On March 8 1736, Schwerin was admitted into the Order of the Black Eagle.
In 1739, Schwerin was promoted general of infantry. During the life-time of King Frederick William, Schwerin was also employed in much administrative work.
On June 30 1740, Frederick II promoted Schwerin to the rank of general field marshal and made him count a month later.
On April 10 1741, at the battle of Mollwitz, Schwerin justified his sovereign's choice by his brilliant leading, which, when the king had disappeared from the field, converted a doubtful battle into a victory which decided for the time being the fate of Silesia.
In 1742, after the conclusion of the First Silesian War, Schwerin was governor of the important fortresses of Brieg and Neisse.
In the Second Silesian War (1744-1745), Schwerin commanded the army which, marching from Glatz, met the king's army under the walls of Prague. Schwerin then played an important role in the siege and capture of that place (September 16 1744). When Frederick II was compelled to retreat from Bohemia, Schwerin again distinguished himself. He then retired to his estate during the years of peace.
In 1756, at the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, Schwerin reappeared on the field. While Frederick II led the invasion of Saxony, Schwerin conducted the war on the Silesian side of Bohemia.
In 1757, Scherin led of the Prussian columns who invaded Bohemia. He joined Frederick at Prague. On May 6, he took an active part to the battle of Prague. Leading on a regiment of the left wing to the attack with its colour in his hand, the old field marshal was shot dead.
This article incorporates texts from the article "Schwerin, Kurt Christoph, count von" of the Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed. London: Cambridge University Press, 1911), a publication now in the public domain.