Difference between revisions of "Sheerness (24)"

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(Created page with "<small>Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> {{PAGENAME}}</small> ==Origin and History== The fri...")
 
(Added info from Clowes' work)
 
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==Origin and History==
 
==Origin and History==
The frigate was built by John Buxton at Rotherhithe and launched on October 8 1743.  
+
The frigate was built by John Buxton at Rotherhithe starting on January 24, 1742/43 and launched on October 8, 1743.  
  
During the War of the Austrian Succession, on November 22 1745, the frigate captured the French privateer Soleil off the Dogger Bank.
+
In 1745, during the [[War of the Austrian Succession]] (1740-48), the frigate captured many French privateers off Ostend and off the Dogger Bank. In 1746, it took two more privateers.
  
 
During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:
 
During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:
*from January 19 1759: captain John Clarke
+
*from July 8, 1757: Captain Thomas Graves
 +
*from May 18, 1757: Captain Matthew Moore
 +
*from January 19 1759: Captain John Clarke
 +
*from October 28, 1762 to December 17, 1763: Captain George Bowyer
  
The frigate was sold on July 26 1768.
+
The frigate was sold at Deptford on July 26, 1768.
  
 
==Service during the War==
 
==Service during the War==
In 1759, the frigate took part in the [[1759 - Naval operations in the Mediterranean|operations in the Mediterranean]]. On August 18, she was present at the victorious [[1759-08-18 - Battle of Lagos|battle of Lagos]].
+
On December 11, 1755, the frigate took the privateer Treize Cantons.
 +
 
 +
On December 27, 1756, Captain Thomas Graves, in the Sheerness frigate, discovered a large ship making for Brest. There was some doubt as to what the stranger was; for it was known that French ships of the line were in the neighbourhood, and the vessel in question looked as if she might be one of them. The weight of opinion on board the Sheerness was to the effect that the enemy was a sixty-gun ship, and it was well seen that she was just ending a long voyage and was very foul. The Frenchman tried to get away before dawn, but, when she discovered the Sheerness's force, she shortened sail to wait for her. In point of fact, the enemy was only an East Indiaman but Graves kept away. He was later reprimanded because he ought to have gone down and discovered her force by engaging her.
 +
 
 +
On February 6, 1757, the frigate took the privateer Prince de Soubise (16); on May 6, the privateer Automne (4); and on July 11, the privateer Port Mahon.
 +
 
 +
On March 6, 1758, the frigate escorted a convoy to Gibraltar.
 +
 
 +
In 1759, the frigate took part in the [[1759 - Naval operations in the Mediterranean|operations in the Mediterranean]]. On August 18, she was present at the victorious [[1759-08-18 - Battle of Lagos|Battle of Lagos]].
 +
 
 +
On June 4, 1760, the frigate sailed once more for the Mediterranean.
  
 
In November 1762, the frigate was chased by the French ship of the line [[Content (64)]], and the frigates [[Pléiade (24)]] and Minerve near Gibraltar. After 7 days, she finally took refuge in Villa Franca. During the chase, the Minerve struck on a rock and foundered. The crew of the Sheerness saved 25 men from the wreck.
 
In November 1762, the frigate was chased by the French ship of the line [[Content (64)]], and the frigates [[Pléiade (24)]] and Minerve near Gibraltar. After 7 days, she finally took refuge in Villa Franca. During the chase, the Minerve struck on a rock and foundered. The crew of the Sheerness saved 25 men from the wreck.
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{| class="tblunin"
 
{| class="tblunin"
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Gun deck'''||''n/a''
+
|'''Lower gun deck'''||2 x 9-pdrs
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Quarterdeck'''||''n/a''
+
|'''Upper gun deck'''||20 x 9-pdrs
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Forecastle'''||''n/a''
+
|'''Quarterdeck'''||2 x 3-pdrs
 
|}
 
|}
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Crew'''||''n/a''
+
|'''Crew'''||140
 
|-
 
|-
 
|'''Length at gundeck'''||112 ft (34.14 m)
 
|'''Length at gundeck'''||112 ft (34.14 m)
Line 36: Line 49:
 
|'''Width'''||32 ft (9.75 m)
 
|'''Width'''||32 ft (9.75 m)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Depth'''||''n/a''
+
|'''Depth'''||11 ft (3.35 m)
 
|-
 
|-
|'''Displacement'''||506 bm
+
|'''Displacement'''||508 ton BM
 
|}
 
|}
 
==References==
 
==References==
Blasco, Manuel, ''British 6th Rates'', [http://3decks.pbwiki.com/ 3 Decks Wiki]
+
This article contains texts from the following book which is now in the public domain:
 +
*Clowes, Wm. Laird, ''The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present'', Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, pp. 293-294
 +
 
 +
'''Other sources'''
 +
 
 +
Colledge, J J: ''Ships of the Royal Navy: A Complete Record of All Fighting Ships from the 15th Century to the Present'', 4th ed., Naval Institute Press: 2006
  
Colledge, J J, ''Ships of the Royal Navy: A Complete Record of All Fighting Ships from the 15th Century to the Present'', 4th ed., Naval Institute Press: 2006
+
Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, [https://threedecks.org/ 3 Decks]
  
Phillips, M., [http://www.ageofnelson.org/MichaelPhillips/index.html Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy]
+
Phillips, M.: [http://www.ageofnelson.org/MichaelPhillips/index.html Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy]
  
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
 
N.B.: the section ''Service during the War'' is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
  
 
[[Category:British Naval Unit]]
 
[[Category:British Naval Unit]]

Latest revision as of 14:34, 8 April 2019

Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Sheerness (24)

Origin and History

The frigate was built by John Buxton at Rotherhithe starting on January 24, 1742/43 and launched on October 8, 1743.

In 1745, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the frigate captured many French privateers off Ostend and off the Dogger Bank. In 1746, it took two more privateers.

During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:

  • from July 8, 1757: Captain Thomas Graves
  • from May 18, 1757: Captain Matthew Moore
  • from January 19 1759: Captain John Clarke
  • from October 28, 1762 to December 17, 1763: Captain George Bowyer

The frigate was sold at Deptford on July 26, 1768.

Service during the War

On December 11, 1755, the frigate took the privateer Treize Cantons.

On December 27, 1756, Captain Thomas Graves, in the Sheerness frigate, discovered a large ship making for Brest. There was some doubt as to what the stranger was; for it was known that French ships of the line were in the neighbourhood, and the vessel in question looked as if she might be one of them. The weight of opinion on board the Sheerness was to the effect that the enemy was a sixty-gun ship, and it was well seen that she was just ending a long voyage and was very foul. The Frenchman tried to get away before dawn, but, when she discovered the Sheerness's force, she shortened sail to wait for her. In point of fact, the enemy was only an East Indiaman but Graves kept away. He was later reprimanded because he ought to have gone down and discovered her force by engaging her.

On February 6, 1757, the frigate took the privateer Prince de Soubise (16); on May 6, the privateer Automne (4); and on July 11, the privateer Port Mahon.

On March 6, 1758, the frigate escorted a convoy to Gibraltar.

In 1759, the frigate took part in the operations in the Mediterranean. On August 18, she was present at the victorious Battle of Lagos.

On June 4, 1760, the frigate sailed once more for the Mediterranean.

In November 1762, the frigate was chased by the French ship of the line Content (64), and the frigates Pléiade (24) and Minerve near Gibraltar. After 7 days, she finally took refuge in Villa Franca. During the chase, the Minerve struck on a rock and foundered. The crew of the Sheerness saved 25 men from the wreck.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 24
Lower gun deck 2 x 9-pdrs
Upper gun deck 20 x 9-pdrs
Quarterdeck 2 x 3-pdrs
Crew 140
Length at gundeck 112 ft (34.14 m)
Width 32 ft (9.75 m)
Depth 11 ft (3.35 m)
Displacement 508 ton BM

References

This article contains texts from the following book which is now in the public domain:

  • Clowes, Wm. Laird, The Royal Navy – A History from the Earliest Time to the Present, Vol. III, Sampson Low, Marston and Company, London: 1898, pp. 293-294

Other sources

Colledge, J J: Ships of the Royal Navy: A Complete Record of All Fighting Ships from the 15th Century to the Present, 4th ed., Naval Institute Press: 2006

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, 3 Decks

Phillips, M.: Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.