Siberian Cossacks

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Russian Army >> Siberian Cossacks

Origin and History

Siberian Cossacks settled to the east from the Orenburg Cossacks along the southern border of Russian Siberian lands. They garrisoned ostrogs (small wooden forts) along the border and on the inner trade routes.

During the Seven Years' War, the unit was commanded by:

  • no information found

Service during the War

In 1756, these Cossacks were stationed in their initial territories in the Siberian Governorate. They did not participate in any campaign of the Seven Years' War.

Uniform

Illustrations of Cossacks
The Anne S. K. Brown Military Collection at Brown University make available a large number of illustrations depicting Cossacks. Even though they are mostly of the 1812-1815 period, they give a fairly good idea of the way Cossacks dressed during this era.

At the outbreak of the Seven Years' War, these Cossacks did not wear uniforms. The following description is very conjectural and based on the clothing of other Cossack units.

Caftans and waistcoats were often made of blue cloth. Their hair was cut in roundel. They wore a high bonnet of sheepskin. Coats of rank and file were girdled with an ordinary sabre strap or a belt of coarse fabric material. Leaders wore silken belt from Persia or Poland over the sabre belt. Sabre was worn over the waistcoat. Some cossacks, especially the rank and file had only a mustache, beard was less common. They wore woollen trousers, half boots of black Morocco leather or simple leather. The Cossacks trousers were similar to the Turkish ones, but much tighter.

Troopers were usually armed with a lance, a sabre and a pistol. They could also carry a knife and a musket.

Musicians

no information found

Colours

These cossacks had probably no official standard even though they may had some unofficial ones.

References

Acknowledgements

Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article