Soissonnais Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Soissonnais Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on September 19, 1684 and took the name of the province of Soissonnais. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to N. de Goyon-Grimaldi, Duc de Valentinois.

In 1690, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Flanders and fought in the Battle of Fleurus. In 1691, it took part in the siege of Mons; in 1692, in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; and in 1693, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi. In 1695, the regiment campaigned on the Rhine; and in 1696 and 1697, on the Meuse.

In 1701, at the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession (1701-13), the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1702, it part in the battle and capture of Luzzara; in 1703, in the expedition in South Tyrol; in 1704, in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua; in 1705, in the siege of Chivasso and in the Battle of Cassano; in 1706, in the siege of Turin and in the Battle of Castiglione; and in 1707, in the defence of Provence. From 1708 to 1712, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné. In 1713, it took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

In 1733, at the outbreak of the War of the Polish Succession (1733-35), the regiment joined the Army of the Rhine and participated in the siege of Kehl. In 1734, it took part in the siege of Philisbourg; and in 1735, in the combat of Klausen.

From 1742 to 1744, during the War of the Austrian Succession (1740-48), the regiment served in Flanders. In 1745, it took part in the sieges of Tournai, Oudenarde, Termonde and Ath. In 1746, it was transferred to Provence. In 1747, it took part in the Combat of Exiles where its colonel was killed. It then served in the Alps until the end of the war.

On the eve of the Seven Years' War, the regiment counted only one battalion.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment ranked 88th and was under the command of:

  • from February 1, 1749 to November 25, 1762: Jean-François, Comte de Narbonne-Lara

The regiment was disbanded on November 25 1762.

Service during the War

In 1756, the regiment took part in the expedition against Minorca and in the capture of the British Fort St. Philip. After the conquest of the island, the regiment returned to France.

From 1757 to 1762, the regiment was stationed on the coasts of Languedoc to protect this province against British amphibious expeditions.

On November 25, 1762, the regiment was disbanded.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1758 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
Etrennes militaires 1758,
and Etat militaire 1761
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Grenadier black tricorne laced gold with a black cockade
Neckstock black
Coat grey-white
Collar none (blue in 1761)
Shoulder Straps n/a
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets (5 copper buttons on each pocket)
Cuffs blue with 5 copper buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat grey-white (blue in 1761)
Breeches grey-white
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard n/a
Scabbard n/a


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet. Fusiliers carried a sword (brass hilt) while the grenadiers had a sabre.

Officers

n/a

Musicians

n/a

Colours

The colonel flag was white with a white cross. Ordonnance flags had a white cross and four blue cantons, each traversed by a diagonal yellow band. Ordonnance flags remained unchanged from 1684 to 1762.

Colonel Colour - Source: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Source: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 234-235

Other sources

Funcken, Liliane and Fred: Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

Menguy, Patrice: Les Sujets du Bien Aimé (an interesting website which has unfortunately disappeared from the web)

Mouillard, Lucien: Les Régiments sous Louis XV, Paris: 1882

Pajol, Charles P. V.: Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891

Rogge, Christian: The French & Allied Armies in Germany during the Seven Years War, Frankfurt, 2006