Spanish Royal Artillery
Origin and History
The Regiment was created on May 2 1710 by the Real Ordenanza para la Dirección y Servicio de la Artillería; creación de un Regimiento, sueldos, fuero preeminencias, grados y proporciones de empleos (Royal Ordinance for the Direction and Service of the Artillery; creation of a Regiment etc.).
This regiment included all field and fortress artillery units in Spain and in the colonies to the exception of the troops manning the coastal batteries. There was no standardisation of models and calibres for the artillery pieces. A reform had been attempted in 1756 by the count of Aranda but it met with so much resistance that Aranra resigned in 1758.
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information available yet
Service during the War
No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War
|Coat||dark blue with small yellow buttons on the right side and with a small yellow button on each side in the small of the back
|Waistcoat||red with yellow buttons|
Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).
The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:
- gold for the colonel
- silver for the lieutenant-colonel
- silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
- ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
- wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants
Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthermore, their officer stick had no handle.
no information available yet
A bandera coronela (King's Colour) and eight sencillas (battalion colours) were granted, for the three initial battalions. The 1st battalion had one coronela and two sencillas; the other two battalions, three sencillas each.
The initial coronela of the regiment was white as those of the infantry but with some additional elements characterizing artillery. A new coronela was issued in 1749 and remained in use until 1806/1814.
Coronela: White field with the coat of arms of Ferdinand VI in its center, flanked by golden lion supporters; the whole was surrounded by trophies of arms.
Sencilla: Blue field with a red Burgundian cross; corner devices consisting of a medallion carrying the arms of the regiment (the small royal crest surrounded by flags and cannons) surmounted by a golden crown. Some sources mention that a white scroll with the motto "REAL ARTILLERIA" was added at a subsequent date.
|for the Coronela colour, see La Oreja de Jenkins - Bandera Coronela de Artilleria en 1710 where there is a reconstruction of this colour.|
Album de Taccoli, 1759
O'Hara, Danny: The Forces of King Charles III, Seven Years War Association Journal, Vol. XII No. 3
Sanchez-Galarraga, Jorge: Luis de Velasco - Siege of Havana, 1762, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. XII No. 2
Wise, Terence and Guido Rosignoli: Military Flags of the World 1618-1900, Blandford Press Ltd. 1977
Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda as well as Volker Scholz for the information and counseling provided for this article.