Svyatoy Iakov (66)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy >> Svyatoy Iakov (66)

Origin and History

The ship was built by I. V. James (И.В. Ямес) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. The keel was laid down on June 5 1760 (May 25 O.S.) old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). She was launched on May 28 1761 (May 17 O.S.). She was attached to the Fleet of the Baltic Sea.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • from 1761 to June 1762: Captain I. T. Golenishev-Kutuzov (И.Т. Голенищев-Кутузов)
  • from June 1762: Captain F. S. Plesheev (Ф.С. Плещеев)

The ship was broken up in 1774 in Kronshtadt.

Service during the War

On July 13 1761 (July 2 O.S.), the ship sailed from Archangelsk starting her inaugural journey to the Baltic. On October 31 (October 20 O.S.), having been damaged in a storm, she anchored at Bergen where she spent the next winter.

In the Spring of 1762, the ship sailed to Revel. In June, she was sent to Kronshtadt. From July to September, she was part of a squadron who transported sick soldiers and ammunition from Pillau to Kronshtadt.


Sketch of a typical 66-gun ship according to the Shipbuilding Regulations – Source: Collection of Roman Shlygin

The design of most Russian ships of the line of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.

Technical specifications as per Veselago
Guns 66
Lower gun deck 24 x 24-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Upper gun deck 26 x 12-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 16 x 6-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Crew no information found
Length at gun deck 47.40 m (155' 6”)
Width 13.25 m (43' 6”)
Depth in Hold 5.33 m (17'6”)
Displacement approx. 1,200 metric tons


Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian sailing fleet, Vol. 1

Veselago, F. F.: List of Russian warships from 1668 to 1860

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 years of sailing fleet)


Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article