Svyatoy Nikolay Vtoroy (54)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> Russian Navy >> Svyatoy Nikolay Vtoroy (54)

Origin and History

The ship was built by I. V. James (И. В. Ямес) at the Solombalskaya dockyard in Archangelsk. Her keel was laid down on June 27 1747 (June 16 old style, abbreviated O.S. in this article). She was launched on May 19 1748 (May 8 O.S.) and named “Svyatoy Nikolay”. She was attached to the Fleet of the Baltic Sea.

In 1754, after the launch of the second rate Svyatoy Nikolay (80), the ship was renamed Svyatoy Nikolay Vtoroy (the second).

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • in 1757: Captain I. Gulidov (И. Гулидов)
  • in 1758: Captain N. Pushkin (Н. Пушкин)
  • in 1759: Captain E. Rodichev (Е. Родичев)
  • in 1760: Captain A. F. Baranov (А. Ф. Баранов)
  • in 1761: Captain A. E. Shelting (А. Е. Шельтинг)

The ship was broken up in 1763 in Kronshtadt.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1757, the ship was fitted as a hospital ship. Two cows and 20 sheep were shipped to provision wounded soldiers with milk and meat. From June 11 (May 31 O.S.) to June 27 (June 16 O.S.) the ship was part of squadron under the command of Admiral Z. D. Mishukov (З. Д. Мишуков) who sailed from Kronshtadt to Memel to blockade the Prussian coast. On July 9 (June 28 O.S.), she left squadron and sailed to Revel with 216 sick men aboard. On August 17 (August 6 O.S.), she rejoined the squadron at Danzig and on August 19 (August 8 O.S.) the squadron resumed cruising towards the Swedish coast. On August 23 (August 12 O.S.), during a storm, the main mast was damaged and the captain decided to sail back to Revel for repair. On August 27 (August 16 O.S.), the ship arrived at Revel and on September 28 (September 17 O.S.), she arrived at Kronshtadt.

In 1758, the ship was part of the Russo-Swedish fleet that blockaded Øresund to prevent the British Navy from entering into the Baltic Sea.

From July to September 1759, the ship transported troops from Kronshtadt to Danzig.

From July to September 1760, the ship was attached to the fleet who took part in the Siege of Colberg.

In 1761, the ship was retired from active service.

Characteristics

Plan of the Svyatoy Nikolay Vtoroy – Source: Central State Archive of the Russian Navy

The design of most Russian ships of the line of this period still adhered tightly to the Shipbuilding Regulations issued by Peter the Great in 1723.

Technical specifications
Guns 54
Lower gun deck 22 x 18-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Upper gun deck 24 x 12-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Quarterdeck and Forecastle 8 x 6-pdrs (Russian pounds)
Crew no information found
Length at keel 34.75 m (114')
Length at gun deck 43.59 m (143')
Width 11.58 m (38')
Depth in Hold 5.05 m (16' 7”)
Displacement no information found


References

Main Sources

Ministry of the Sea - Material for the History of the Russian Navy, vol 10, St. Petersburg, 1883 in a collection of 17 volumes published from 1865 to 1904

Veselago, Fedosey Fedorovich: List of Russian Naval Vessels from 1668 to 1869, St. Petersburg: Ministry of the Sea, 1872

Other Sources

Chernyshev, A. A.: Russian Sailing Fleet, Vol. 1, 1997

Shirokorad, A. B.: 200 лет парусного флота (200 Years of Sailing Fleet)

http://www.navy.su/

Acknowledgement

Roman Shlygin for the initial version of this article