Template:Russian Horse Grenadiers Uniform Plates

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Uniform

Acknowledgements for this section: Daniel Milekhin

During summer, Russian horse grenadiers did not wear coats. These were left in the baggage. For this reason, we present two different plates.

N.B.: another interpretation states that, on active duty, the horse grenadiers did not wear their cornflower blue coat.

There seems to have been important variations of the uniform in the field:

  • “kollet” edged with a cornflower blue braid or undecorated
  • “kollet” totally absent due to supply problems and replaced by the cornflower blue coat and/or the cornflower blue waistcoat

Troopers

Uniform in 1757 - Source: Richard Couture

Summer uniform in 1757 - Source: Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear until 1759: mitre with a brass front plate embossed with trophies of weapons and standards and carrying in its centre the regimental coat of arms surmounted by the Imperial Eagle, a black leather skull-cap and neck guard with brass reinforcements and decorations, a white wool pompom

Note: since 1756, there was much protests about the inconvenience of the new grenadier mitre caps for mounted grenadiers
from December 29, 1759: black felt tricorne laced white with a white cockade on the left fastened with a bronze button, the tricorne was reinforced with an iron skullcap for combat

Neckstock black
Coat cornflower blue lined red; with copper buttons and red trimmed buttonholes

N.B.: the coat was not worn during summer

Collar red
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets none
Cuffs red with 3 copper buttons
Turnbacks red
Gloves buff
Kollet chamois leather fastened with hooks and eyes; with cornflower blue collar and cuffs; horizontal pockets, each with 3 copper buttons.

N.B.: this so-called “kollet” could also be edged with cornflower blue braid made from old winter capes

Waistcoat a cornflower blue waistcoat made from old winter capes, which was worn under the “kollet”
Breeches chamois leather with white knee covers
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt white
Cartridge Box and grenade pouch black with a copper plate carrying the regimental arms
the grenade pouch was removed after December 29 1759
Scabbard black leather
Footgear black boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth fawn-coloured without lace
Housings fawn-coloured without lace
Blanket roll n/a


In Russian regulatory documents, regulated description of the shape of the mustache dates back to 1755.

“Every cuirassier and dragoon should grow a mustache. When a private is in the ranks and on guard duty, a mustache should always be combed up, the mustache should be blackened, and for horse grenadiers, the mustache should be grown as long as possible and it should be curled over the cheeks. If you are still young and do not have a natural mustache, then you should get fake ones.”

Until the early 1760s, according to modern iconography and statutory documents, grenadiers in the Russian army wore mustaches with long ends and without sideburns, according to the Prussian fashion that had existed since the 1730s.

Troopers were armed with a short carbine, a bayonet, two pistols and a sabre (more precisely a straight blade Pallasch until December 29 1759 and then a curved blade sabre). They also had a cornflower blue epancha (cape) for winter.

Other interpretations

The representations of the "tails" of the kollet differ widely. Some authors show rather long tails others illustrate short tails.

NCOs

Corporals wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers.

Other NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • gold laced collar
  • gold laced cuffs:
    • 1 stripe for Unterfähnrich
    • 2 stripes for armourers and quartermasters
    • 3 stripes for sergeant

Officers

Officers wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • genadier mitre with gold decorations
  • gilt buttons
  • no turnbacks
  • black and gold silken sash
  • yellow saddlecloth and housings laced gold carrying the imperial cipher

Musicians

Musicians wore uniforms similar to those of the troopers with the following distinctions:

  • swallow nests at the shoulders
  • tricorne (only for the kettle-drummer)

The kettle-drum and trumpets were made of copper. The banners were of the colour of the squadron standards. The banner of the kettle-drum was embroidered and fringed in gold.

Drums were made in copper, the regimental coat of arms engraved in the front, bordered in red and blue, blue and white cords.