Ultonia Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army >> Ultonia Infantry

Origin and History

Grenadier of Regiment Ultonia in 1761 - Source: Conde de Clonard, Álbum de la Infantería española reproduced with the kind authorisation of the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda

This Irish regiment was initially supplied by France and entered into the Spanish service at Saragossa on November 1 1709 as the "Duque Tadeo Mac Auliffe" regiment.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment fought at the battles of Saragossa (August 20, 1710), Brihuega (December 8, 1710) and Villaviciosa (December 10, 1710) and took part to the siege of Barcelona (1714).

During the War of the Austrian Succession, the regiment fought against the Austrians in Italy from 1742 to 1748.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:

  • no information available yet


Service during the War

No information available yet about the service of the regiment during the Seven Years' War

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1759 - Source: Ibrahim90
Uniform Details as per
the Album de Taccoli of 1759
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced yellow with a black cockade fastened with a yellow button
Grenadier black bearskins probably with a red flame
Neckstock white
Coat red with yellow buttons on the right side
Collar none (blue as per the conde de Clonard)
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets with yellow buttons
Cuffs blue with 2 yellow buttons
Turnbacks blue
Waistcoat blue with yellow buttons
Breeches blue
Gaiters white
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard black
Scabbard brown


Armaments consisted of a musket, a bayonet and a sword (brass hilt).

Officers

The colonel, lieutenant-colonel, sargentos mayores and officers carried a spontoon and an officer stick. They used to hang this stick at the second button of the coat. The type of handle of the officer stick was different for each rank:

  • gold for the colonel
  • silver for the lieutenant-colonel
  • silver (but only one finger wide) for the Sargento Mayor and the captains
  • ivory for assistants, lieutenants and for the chaplain
  • wooden with a silver ring for sub-lieutenants

Sergeants carried a halberd instead of a spontoon. Furthemore, their officer stick had no handle.

Musicians

no information available yet

Colours

Since 1709, the coronela (colonel) and sencilla (battalion) colours of all Irish regiments were identical. At the beginning of the 1750's the coronela was altered and became slightly different for each regiment (with the name of the regiment written in the lower part of the colour). In most Spanish regiments the practice of writing the name of the regiment on the coronela seems to have been suppressed around 1759. However, the sencillass remained unchanged.

Coronela: White field with a red Burgundian cross; in the upper left corner, a medaillon carrying the arms of the regiment (blue field with a golden harp) surmounted by a golden crown; beneath the medaillon, a scroll with the motto "IN OMNEN TERRAM EXHIVIT SONUS EORUM".

Sencillas: Blue field; centre device consisting of a golden Irish harp.

N.B.: the field of the arms is often represented as blue which could simply be a faded green

Tentative reconstruction of the Coronela Colour common to all Irish regiments in the Spanish service - Source: Richard Couture based on information provided by Volker Scholz
Tentative reconstruction of a Sencilla Colour common to all Irish regiments in the Spanish service - Source: Richard Couture based on information provided by Volker Scholz

References

Album de Taccoli, 1759

Clonard, Conde de, Álbum de la Infantería española, 1861

Wild Geese Heritage Museum and Library

Acknowledgment

Juan José Torres and the Asociación Cultural de Modelismo Histórico Alabarda for the information and counselling provided for this article.

Volker Scholz for the information provided on colours.