Union (90)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Union (90)

Origin and History

The ship was built by John Lock at Chatham Dockyard and launched on September 25 1756.

During the Seven Years' War, the ship was under the command of:

  • from September 1756: captain James Galbraith
  • from October 1757: captain Michael Everitt
  • from 1759 to February 1763: captain John Evans

In 1799, the ship was transformed into a hospital ship.

In 1802, the ship was renamed “Sussex”.

The ship was broken up at Chatham in October 1816.

Service during the War

In September 1757, the ship served in the Downs.

On November 20 1759, the ship took part in the decisive battle of Quiberon where she carried the flag of vice-admiral Charles Hardy. This British victory eliminated any serious threat from the French navy for the rest of the war.

In 1760, the ship served in the Western squadron until 1763.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 90
Lower gundeck 26 x 32-pdrs
Middle gundeck 26 x 18-pdrs
Upper gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 10 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew 750 to 770 men
Length at gundeck 171 ft 2 in (52.17 m)
Width 48 ft 8 in (14.83 m)
Depth 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Displacement 1781 tons (1809 tonnes)

References

Blasco, Manuel, 3 Decks Wiki – British 2nd Rates

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.