Upplands Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Armies >> Swedish Army >> Upplands Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was initially raised in 1617 as the Upplands Storeregement, one of the nine grand regiment organised by Gustavus Adolphus. It incorporated various fänikors (smaller units of about 500 men) from Upplands, Dalarna and Västmanlands, originally raised in the 1550's.

In 1626, this grand regiment was organised into sub-units: three field regiments (Upplands, Dalarna and Västmanlands) and a cavalry regiment (Upplands).

In 1634, a government regulation ranked Upplands Regiment first among the infantry regiments.

On December 5 1682, the grand regiment was finally broken down into three distinct and independent regiments, giving birth to the Upplands Infantry regiment.

During the Great Northern War, the regiment fought in several actions. Among them the landing in Zealand (1700), the battles of Düna (1701), Kliszow (1702), Holovczyn (1708) and Poltava (1709), when the regiment, except for seventy men assigned to the train, was completely annihilated. Reraised in 1710 it took part in the Skane campaign and the battle of Helsingborg (1710). Then in western Sweden and took part in the Norwegian campaign of 1718.

At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment consisted of 1,200 privates in 2 battalions of 4 companies. Each company had 150 privates and 11 officers, NCOs and musicians. The eight companies were (in order): Livkompaniet, Rasbo, Olands, Uppsala (earlier Bälings), Hundra Härads, Sigtuna, Hagunda and Enköpings.

During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was commanded by:

  • R. G. Rudbeck

Service during the War

In 1757, six companies of the regiment (about 920 men) were sent to Pomerania where they served until 1761.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1756 - Source: Kronoskaf
Uniform Details as per
sketches of infantry uniforms from the
Swedish War Archives
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white with a pewter button on the left side
Grenadier Prussian style mitre with a blue bag (because of the great similarity of the Prussian and Swedish grenadiers, in the field the mitre was covered with a black wax cloth)
Neckstock black
Coat dark blue with 10 pewter buttons down the front with yellow trimmed buttonholes and 1 pewter buttons at small of the back
Collar saffron yellow
Shoulder Straps on the left shoulder with one pewter button
Lapels none
Pockets on each side with 3 pewter buttons each
Cuffs saffron yellow
Turnbacks saffron yellow
Waistcoat yellow
Breeches yellow
Gaiters white wool stockings with brown leather strap at knee
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt broad white leather shoulder-strap
Waistbelt white with brass buckle
Cartridge Box black
Bayonet Scabbard none
Scabbard black with brass fittings
Footgear black flat toed shoes with brass buckles


N.B.: Pengel and Hurt gives white rather than yellow as distinctive colour.

Troopers were armed with a sword and a musket. The bayonet was permanently fixed to the musket.

NCOs

NCOs wore uniforms similar to those of privates with the following differences:

  • silver lace on the tricorne
  • white distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks)
  • white waistcoat
  • white breeches
  • brass buttons (smaller than those of officers)

NCOs carried halberds but no cane.

Officers

Officers wore a blue uniform (coat) with blue distinctives (collar, cuffs, turnbacks). They were further distinguished from privates by:

  • a gold lace on the tricorne
  • no turnbacks on the coat
  • a silver gorget
  • brass buttons
  • blue or black breeches (breeches of the same colour as those of the privates were also worn)

N.B.: contrarily to the custom in other armies, Swedish officers did not wear any sash

Horses were equipped with blue saddle cloth with a yellow border.

Musicians

The drummers wore uniforms identical to those of the privates but with gold/white laces running along the seems of the sleeves and shoulders.

The drums were brass with provincial coats of arms embossed on the front. The rims were blue with yellow edging.

Colours

The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always yellow. The Liffana had gold finials while the Kompanifana had steel finials. The colours measured 2.12 x 1.70 m. (1.81 x 1.33 m. as per Clifford).

Liffana (colonel flag): white field; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions; the corner of the first canton carried a golden royal orb.

N.B.: for the liffana, Clifford adds a pedestal supporting the arms, the letters “AFRS” above the arms and 1 royal crown in the corner of each of the 3 remaining cantons.

Kompanifana (ordonnance flag): red field; centre device consisting of a golden royal orb surrounded by a green (silver as per Schirmer) laurel wreath tied with a gold ribbon.

Liffana - Source: Hannoverdidi
Kompanifana - Source: Hannoverdidi

The colonel's battalion carried the Liffana and a Kompanifana. The lieutenant-colonel's battalion carried 2 Kompanifanor.

References

Alexanderssons: Lars, Heraldik - Landskapsvapen (website)

Economic Expert: Uplandia Grand Regiment (website)

Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16

Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Ake: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000

Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (website)

Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983

Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

Säwe, Teofron: Sveriges deltagande i Sjuåriga Kriget Åren 1757-1762, Beijers Bokförlagsaktiebolag, Stockholm, 1915

Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989

Schorr, Dan: Swedish Flags 1757-1762 - Part II Infantry Flags, The Courrier, March-April 1980

Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979

Swedish War Archives: Sketches of infantry uniforms

English Wikipedia – Upplands regemente (infantry)

Wilson, Peter: The Swedish Army in 1756, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.