Upplands Liv Regiment
Origin and History
The regiment descended from the ryttarfanan in Uppland and Västamaland which were set up in 1536. In 1636 united with the Södermalands ryttare under the name of Upplands ryttare. Iwas initially raised as an indelta regiment in 1623. It consisted of 3 companies of 125 men each. By 1638, the regiment counted 8 companies. In 1667, the regiment became the Livregemente till hast (King's Horse Lifeguards) and Indelta in 1687: exceptionally the regiment was increased to 12 companies instead of the usual 6 to 8 companies of other line cavalry regiments.
During the Scanian War, the regiment distinguished itself at the Battle of Lund in 1676. It was momentarily increased to 17 companies before being reduced to its original 12 companies (4 in Uppland, 3 in Västmanland, 3 in Närke, 1 in Södermanland and 1 in Västergötland) in 1679. The Leibkompanie had 130 men, the 11 others 125 men for a total of 1,505 men. Its first company was also known as Drabantkairen and served a palace guard unit.
In the Great Northern War took part in the landing on Själland in 1700. Transferred the same year in Livland and in the King's Army thereafter. Captured after Poltava and rebuilt 1709-10. In the Scanian campaign of 1710, then in Scania 1710-14 and 1715-16. In the Norwegian campaign of 1718
During the Seven Years' War, the regiment was under the command of:
- no information available yet
Service during the War
At the beginning of the Seven Years' War, the regiment was stationed in Uppland, Södermanland, Västmanland, etc...
In 1757, 4 companies (540 men) of the regiment were part of the expeditionary force sent to campaign in Pomerania under Field-marshal Mathias Alexander von Ungern Sternberg.
In 1758, 6 additional companies (800 men) of the regiment were sent to Pomerania to reinforce the Swedish expeditionary force operating against Prussia. On November 18, a detachment of the regiment was part of General von Lingen's force at the Combat of Güstow.
|Headgear||black tricorne without lace and with a brass button on the left side|
|Coat||medium blue lined white with 12 brass buttons down the front and 2 brass buttons in the small of the back
|Breeches||buckskin or reindeer skin|
Troopers were armed with a sword, a pair of pistols and a carbine. They also wore polished steel breastplates bordered in white under their coat.
The officers wore the same uniform as the troopers with the following exceptions:
- a gold laced tricorne
- black breeches (sometimes)
- housings and holster caps laced gold
The NCOS wore the same uniform as the troopers with the unique distinction of a narrow golden lace on the tricorne.
The musicians wore medium blue uniforms with white swallow nests laced yellow at the shoulders. The uniform had no additional laces.
The drums were made of brass with white rims. The trumpets were made of brass with a medium blue banner.
The pikes used as staffs to carry the colours were always striped in blue and yellow. The standards had gold finials, and gold and silver cords, tassels and fringe.
Lifstandar (colonel standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device carried the crowned royal arms of Sweden flanked by 2 crowned golden lions.
Kompanistandar (ordonnance standard): white field; borders heavily embroidered in gold and silver; centre device consisting of the golden royal cipher “AF” surmounted by a gold crown; green and gold palm branches beneath tied with a red ribbon; 3 small golden crowns in each corner.
The colonel's squadron carried the Lifstandar, each other squadron had a Kompanistandar.
This article contains texts translated from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Großer Generalstab: Die Kriege Friedrichs des Großen - Dritter Teil: Der Siebenjährige Krieg 1756–1763. Vol. 6 Leuthen, Kriegsgeschichtliche Abteilung II (Publisher), Berlin 1904, pp.92-107, Annex pp. 11-16
Brolin, Gunnar: 18th C. Swedish Military Flags - Part I: Standards and Guidons, 18th Century Military Notes & Queries No. 5
Högman, Hans: Svenska regementen under indelningsverkets dagar (broken link)
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Ake Sallnäs: The Great Northern War 1700-1721, Colours and Uniforms, Acedia Press, Karlstadt, 2000
Pengel, R. D. and G. R. Hurt: Swedish Army in Pomerania – 1757-1763, Birmingham, 1983
Purky, Jim: Swedish Army Organization, Seven Years War Association Journal Vol. X No. 1
Schirmer, Friedrich: Die Heere der kriegführenden Staaten 1756-1763, published by KLIO-Landesgruppe Baden-Württemberg, Neuauflage 1989
Schorr, Dan: Uniforms of the Swedish Army, 1757-1762, The Courrier, June-July 1979
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.