Venus (36)

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Hierarchical Path: Seven Years War (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Venus (36)

Origin and History

This frigate was built at Liverpool by John Okill and launched on March 11 1758.

During the Seven Years' War, the frigate was under the command of:

  • from March 1758 to March 1763: Captain Thomas Harrison

In 1792, the frigate was reduced to 32 guns.

In 1809, the frigate was renamed “Heroine”.

The frigate was sold on September 22 1828.

Service during the War

On May 18 1759, the frigate captured the French frigate Pèlerine (40).

On November 20 1759, the frigate was present at the decisive battle of Quiberon who eliminated any serious threat from the French navy for the rest of the war.

On January 10 1761, the frigate, along with the Juno (32), was cruising to the westward of Scilly when they sighted the French frigate Brune (32) and gave chase. After a few hours, the frigate caught up with Brune and engaged her. The combat lasted more than two hours but, when the Juno joined the fight, the Brune finally struck. In this engagement, the frigate lost 4 men killed and 18 wounded, including her captain, her first lieutenant and the master; the Juno lost 2 men wounded; and the Brune lost 19 men killed and 39 wounded. On January 16, the frigate reached Plymouth with the Brune and a French privateer carrying 6 guns and 6 swivels. On April 3, the frigate captured the East Indiaman Bertin off Cadiz.

In 1762, the frigate captured several privateers: the Aimable Josepha (14), on March 7; the Miquilet (14), on May 6; the Nuestra Señora de Bignonia (16), on June 4; the Cannibul (8), on September 15; the Duc de Penthièvre (14), on September 18; and the schooner Crozen (6), on October 15.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 36 guns and 12 x 1/2-pdr swivels
Gundeck 26 x 12-pdrs
Quarterdeck 8 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew 240 men
Length at gundeck 128 ft 4 in (39.11 m)
Width 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m)
Depth 12 ft 4 in (3.76 m)
Displacement 722 tons BM (655 tonnes)

References

Blasco, Manuel, British 6th Rates, 3 Decks Wiki

Harrison, Simon; Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.