1702 – Campaign on the Rhine – Imperialist OOB June

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1702 – Campaign on the Rhine >> Order of battle of the Imperialist Army of the Rhine in June 1702

Description

Order of battle of the Imperialist Army of the Rhine in June 1702.

The headquarters of the Margrave of Baden were at Arzheim to the south-west of Landau.

Summary

Around Landau

  • Austrian troops (14 bns, 48 sqns for a total of 8,400 foot and 8,000 horse)
  • Bishopric of Würzburg troops (5 bns, 4 sqns for a total of 3,000 foot and 800 horse)
  • Circle of the Rhine troops (4 bns, 3 sqns for a total of 2,400 foot and 360 horse)
  • Circle of the Upper-Rhine troops (4 bns, 3 sqns for a total of 2,400 foot and 360 horse)
  • Circle of Swabia troops (5 bns, 2 sqns for a total of 3,500 foot and 240 horse)
  • Circle of Franconia troops (2 bns for a total of 1,400 foot)
  • Palatine troops (8 bns, 8 sqns for a total of 4,800 foot and 800 horse)
  • Württemberger troops (1 sqn for a total of 120 horse)
  • Anspacher troops (1 sqn for a total of 120 horse)
  • Oettinger troops (1 sqn for a total of 120 horse)

On the Lauter

  • Palatine troops (5 bns, 10 sqns for a total of 3,000 foot and 1,000 horse)
  • Circle of Swabia troops (5 bns for a total of 3,500 foot)
  • Circle of Franconia troops (5 sqns for a total of 640 horse)

On the Upper-Rhine

  • Austrian troops (6 bns, 6 sqns for a total of 3,600 foot and 1,000 horse)
  • Circle of Swabia troops (2 sqns for a total of 240 horse)
  • Margraviate of Baden (1, bn, 1 coy for a total of approx. 700 foot)

At Rastatt and Offenburg

  • Circle of Franconia troops (7 bns, 5 sqns for a total of 4,000 foot and 640 horse)
  • Circle of Swabia troops (7 sqns for a total of 840 horse)

Detailed order of battle

Around Landau

To the north of the road from Godramstein to Nussdorf

  • Würburger Bibra Infantry (3 bns)
  • Austrian Lothringen Infantry (1 bn) formerly belonging to the Bishop of Osnabrück and incorporated in the Austrian Army in 1701
  • Palatine Sachsen-Meiningen Infantry (1 bn)
  • Palatine Anspach Infantry (1 bn)
  • Field artillery
  • Swabian Reischach Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Fürstenberg Stühling Infantry (1 bn)
  • Palatine Iselbach Infantry (2 bns)
  • Würburger Fuchs Infantry (2 bns)

From Nussdorf to Dammheim

  • Upper-Rhine Nassau-Weilburg Infantry (2 bns)
  • Upper-Rhine Buttlar Infantry (2 bns)
  • Austrian Alt-Darmstadt Cuirassiers (6 sqns) on its way from Italy (maybe Jung-Darmstadt)
  • Austrian Cusani Cuirassiers (6 sqns)
  • Württemberger Leibgarde (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Swabian Erbprinz Württemberg Dragoons Cavalry (2 sqns) on its way
  • Churmainz Bibra Dragoons (3 sqns)
  • Palatine Vehlen Dragoons (3 sqns)
  • Upper-Rhine armstadt Dragoons (3 sqns)
  • Churmainz Infantry (2 bns) on its way
  • Churmainz Schrattenbach Infantry (2 bns)

Behind these chains of posts to the south of Landau from the road between Landau and Insheim on the left bank of the Cshleidbach up to Mörzheim

  • Austrian Castell Dragoons (6 sqns) on its way, arrived at Phillipsburg on 27 August
  • Austrian Gronsfeld Cuirassiers (6 sqns) on its way, arrived at Phillipsburg on 27 August
  • Palatine Hochkirchen Cavalry (3 sqns)
  • Austrian Brandenburg-Bayreuth Infantry (1 bn) 3 other bns were being assembled in Alt-Breisach
  • Austrian Fürstenberg Infantry (1 bn)
  • Palatine Sachsen-Meiningen Infantry (1 bn)
  • Franconian Schnebelin Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Baden Durlach Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Fürstenberg Möskirch Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Baden Baden Infantry (1 bn)
  • Franconian Erff Infantry (1 bn)
  • Palatine Leibregiment zu Fuss (1 bn) aka Effert
  • Austrian Marsigli Infantry (4 bns) on its way

In front of these positions along the left bank of the Flurbach extending towards Landau, covered by the height of Wollmersheim

Between the previous positions and Wollmersheim

Around the headquarters at Arzheim

  • Converged grenadiers (8 detachments)

In reserve to the east of Impflingen

  • Austrian Zanthe Cuirassiers ( 6 sqns) on its way, arrived at Phillipsburg on 27 August
  • Austrian Hohenzollern Cuirassiers (6 sqns) on its way, arrived at Phillipsburg on 27 August
  • Austrian Limburg-Styrum Dragoons (6 sqns)
  • Würzburger Schad Dragoons (4 sqns)
  • Oettinger Gardereiter (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Anspacher Gardereiter (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Salm Infantry (4 bns) on its way, arrived at Phillipsburg on 27 August
  • Converged grenadiers (10 coys)

On the Lauter

  • Palatine Carabiniers (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men) aka Venningen
  • Palatine Wittgenstein Dragoons (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men)
  • Palatine Linange Cavalry (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men) aka Leiningen
  • Franconian Auffsatz Dragoons (10 coys in 5 sqns for a total of 640 men)

Probably posted near Wissembourg

  • Converged grenadiers (2 bns)
  • Franconian Anspach Infantry (1 bn)
  • Palatine Bourcheit Infantry (10 coys in 2 bns for a total of 1,200 men)

In the region of Lauterburg and Berg

  • Swabian Fürstenberg Möskirch Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Fürstenberg Stühling Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Baden Baden Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Baden Durlach Infantry (1 bn)
  • Swabian Reischach Infantry (1 bn)

On the Upper-Rhine and in Further Austria

  • Austrian Bayreuth Dragoons (6 sqns)
  • Swabian Stauffenberg Cuirassiers (1 sqn)
  • Austrian Baden Infantry (2 bns)
  • Austrian Fürstenberg Infantry (2 bns)
  • Swabian Erbprinz Württemberg Dragoons Cavalry (1 sqn)
  • Durlacher Jäger (1 coy)
  • Durlacher Landfahne militia (1 bn)

In Rheinfelden

  • Austrian Kratze Infantry (approx. 200 men)
  • Austrian Pfalz-Zweibrücken Infantry (approx. 200 men)

In Freiburg

  • Swiss Diesbach Infantry (1,080 men)
  • Swiss Erlach Infantry (1,080 men)

In Rastatt under the Margrave of Baden-Durlach

  • Franconian Bayreuth Cavalry (10 coys in 5 coys for a total of 640 men)
  • Swabian Stauffenberg Cuirassiers (3 sqns)
  • Swabian Hohenzollern Dragoons (8 coys in 4 sqns for a total of 480 men)

Probably at Offenburg

  • Franconian Erff Infantry (2 bns)
  • Franconian Schnebelin Infantry (2 bns)
  • Franconian Anspach Infantry (3 bns)

Other troops still on the march


References

Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 4, Vienna 1877, pp. 446-450

Heuser E.: Die Belagerungen von Landau, Landau, 1913

Dolleczek: Geschichte der österreichischen Artillerie, Vienna, 1887

Treuenfest, A. v.: Die Geschichte des Husarenregiments Nr. 3 Vienna, 1893

Oster, U. A.: Markgraf Ludwig v. Baden, Bergisch Gladbach, 2001

Stadtarchiv Landau, Belagerung der Stadt (Stich)

Pelet and François Eugène de Vault: Mémoires militaires relatifs à la Succession d'Espagne sous Louis XIV, Vol. 2 pp. 787-788, 811

Acknowledgements

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article.