1702 – Campaign on the Rhine – Imperialist Winter-Quarters

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1702 – Campaign on the Rhine >> Winter-Quarters of the Imperialist Army in 1702-1703

Description

Winter-Quarters of the Imperialist Army during the winter of 1702-1703.

Field Marshal Count Limburg-Styrum commanded the posts from the Frick Valley and on the Kinzig (to the exception of Offenburg); Field Marshal Johann Karl von Thüngen was at Philippsburg from where he commanded from the Lauter to the Speyerbach; Field Marshal Margrave of Baden-Durlach commanded in and around Offenburg.

G.d.C. Count Castell commanded the cavalry posts from Offenburg downstream on the Rhine; G.d.C. Count Gronsfeld commanded the cavalry posts from the Frick Valley to Offenburg; G.d.C. Count von Nassau-Weilburg commanded the Palatine troops which were subordinated to Field Marshal Thüngen.

FML Count Herberstein commanded the posts from Kappel to Offenburg.

The headquarters were established in Rastatt, the quarters:

  • in Alt-Breisach
  • in Freibug
  • in Kenzingen/Elz
  • in Konstanz: Austrian Fürstenberg Infantry (? bns)
  • in Rheinfelden and Laufenburg
    • Austrian Pfalz-Zweibrücken Infantry (? bns)
    • Austrian Kratze Infantry (1 bn)
  • in Philippsburg and Landau
    • Austrian Thüngen Infantry (2 bns) maybe 4 bns
    • Franconian infantry detachments
    • unidentified units of the Circle of the Upper-Rhine
    • Upper-Rhine Hessen-Darmstadt Garde zu Pferd (? sqns) unidentified unit
  • around Philippsburg, Speyer and Landau
  • on the Lauter: Lower Saxony Hildesheim Infantry (? bns)
  • in the forest towns
    • Swiss Diesbach Infantry (3 bns)
    • Swiss Erlach Infantry (3 bns)
  • from Kappel am Rhein to Goldscheuer
    • Würburger Bibra Infantry (3 bns)
    • Würburger Fuchs Infantry (3 bns)
    • Würzburger Schad Dragoons (5 sqns)
  • in Villingen, Bräunlingen and Tryberg in the Black Forest: Austrian Cusani Cuirassiers (6 sqns)
  • in the County of Hauenstein:
    • Austrian Mercy Cuirassiers (4 sqns) unidentified unit
    • Austrian Bayreuth Dragoons (6 sqns)
  • in the Bishoprich of Strasbourg (on the right bank of the Rhine): Austrian Hohenzollern Cuirassiers (6 sqns)
  • in Brisgau and on the Kocher: Austrian Gronsfeld Cuirassiers (6 sqns)
  • in Friedberg and around Frankfurt: Austrian Zanthe Cuirassiers ( 6 sqns)
  • in Frick: Austrian Limburg-Styrum Dragoons (6 sqns)
  • in Palatinate
    • Austrian Alt-Hannover Cuirassiers (6 sqns)
    • Austrian Philipp Darmstadt Cuirassiers (6 sqns) Alt or Jung?
    • Palatine Leibregiment zu Fuss (1 bn) aka Effert
    • Palatine Anspach Infantry (1 bn)
    • Palatine Lübeck Infantry (2 bns)
    • Palatine Bourcheit Infantry (10 coys in 2 bns for a total of 1,200 men)
    • Palatine Sachsen-Meiningen Infantry (2 bns)
    • Palatine Iselbach Infantry (2 bns)
    • Palatine Carabiniers (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men) aka Venningen
    • Churpfalz Leib-Regiment (3 sqns) aka Gardes Bleues
    • Palatine Hochkirchen Cavalry (3 sqns)
    • Palatine Linange Cavalry (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men) aka Leiningen
    • Palatine Vehlen Dragoons (3 sqns)
    • Palatine Wittgenstein Dragoons (9 coys in 3 sqns for a total of 450 men)
  • in Franconia
    • Austrian Castell Dragoons (6 sqns)
    • Franconian Bayreuth Cavalry (5 sqns)
  • in Deutsch-Herrischen near Heilbronn
    • Franconian Erffa Infantry (2 bns)
  • in the region of Hohenlohe
    • Franconian Schnebelin Infantry (3 bns)
    • Franconian Anspach Infantry (4 bns)
    • Franconian Auffsatz Dragoons (5 sqns)
  • in the Margraviate of Baden
    • Swabian Baden Baden Infantry (2 bns)
    • Swabian Hohenzollern Dragoons (2 sqns)
  • in the Margraviate of Durlach
    • Swabian Baden Durlach Infantry (2 bns)
    • Swabian Erbprinz Württemberg Cavalry (3 sqns)
    • Swabian Hohenzollern Dragoons (2 sqns)
  • in Offenburg and the region of Hanau
    • Swabian Fürstenberg Möskirch Infantry (2 bns)
    • Upper-Rhine Hessen-Dramstadt Infantry (? bns) unidentified unit
  • in Heidenheim, Schorndorf, Hohenstaufen and Nördlingen: Swabian Reischach Infantry (1 bn)
  • in Kehl: detachments from all Swabian infantry rgts
  • in Hornberg and Schiltach: Swabian Stauffenberg Cuirassiers (2 coys)
  • in Geroldseck, Gengenbach, Zell and Biberach in the Kinzig Valley: Swabian Stauffenberg Cuirassiers (4 coys)
  • in Ortenau: Swabian Stauffenberg Cuirassiers (2 coys)
  • in the Electorate of Mainz
    • Churmainz Infantry (2 bns)
    • Churmainz Bibra Dragoons (3 sqns)
  • in and around Rastatt: Austrian, Franconian and Swabian converged grenadiers (5 bns)

N.B.: unless specifically noted, the artillery was allocated directly to regiments

Other units had participated in the campaign of 1702 on the Rhine but are not mentioned in the listing of winter-quarters. These units are:

  • Swabian Fürstenberg Stühling Infantry (2 bns)
  • Württemberger Garde zu Fuss (1 bn)
  • Churmainz Schrattenbach Infantry (2 bns)
  • Upper-Rhine Nassau-Weilburg Infantry (2 bns)
  • Upper-Rhine Buttlar Infantry (2 bns)
  • Upper-Rhine Darmstadt Dragoons (2 sqns)
  • Württemberger Leibgarde (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Oettinger Gardereiter (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Anspacher Gardereiter (1 sqn of 120 horse)
  • Austrian Kollonits Hussars (6 sqns)
  • Austrian Forgách Hussars

References

Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 4, Vienna 1877, pp. 515-517