1703 – Campaign on the Rhine – Imperialist Baden OOB January

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1703 – Campaign on the Rhine >> Imperialist Army of the Margrave of Baden, January 1703

Description

In January 1703, the Imperialist army of the Margrave of Baden was in its winter-quarters on the frontier with Bavaria, in Breisgau, in the Margraviate of Baden and in the Palatinate of the Rhine.

Commander-in-chief: Lieutenant-General Ludwig Wilhelm, Margrave of Baden-Baden

Austrian Army

Imperial (Austrian) troops

  • Infantry (9 rgts for a total of 14,000 men)
    • Baden (1,760 men, including 515 men detached, sick or absent) in Alt-Breisach
    • Salm (1,981 men, including 707 men detached, sick or absent)
      • (1 bn) in Freiburg
      • (3 bns) near Kenzingen
    • Longueval (1,473 men, including 563 men detached, sick or absent) in Freiburg and Constanz
    • Marsigli (2,133 men, including 655 men detached, sick or absent)
      • (1 bn) in Freiburg
      • (3 bns) near Kenzingen
    • Friesen (104 men, including 1 man detached, sick or absent) unidentified unit in Rheinfelden and Laufenburg
    • Kratze (182 men, including 43 men detached, sick or absent) in Rheinfelden and Laufenburg
    • Bayreuth (1,665 men, including 632 men detached, sick or absent) in Alt-Breisach
    • Carl Joseph Lothringen (1,566 men, including 467 men detached, sick or absent) aka Osnabrück in Freiburg
    • Thüngen (1,844 men, including 597 men detached, sick or absent) in Philippsburg and Landau
    • Swiss Erlach (? bns) in Central Switzerland
    • Swiss Diesbach (? bns) in Central Switzerland
    • Bibra (belonging to the Bishop of Würzburg) (? bns) from Kappel on the Rhine to the Kinzig
    • Fuchs (belonging to the Bishop of Würzburg) (? bns) from Kappel on the Rhine to the Kinzig
  • Cavalry (16 regiments for a total of 14,370 men)
    • Cusani Cuirassiers (945 men and 808 horses, including 70 men detached, sick or absent) in the Black Forest, in Villingen, Bräuningen and Tryberg
    • Mercy Cuirassiers (821 men and 701 horses, including 130 men detached, sick or absent) in the County of Hauenstein
    • Hohenzollern Cuirassiers (892 men and 642 horses, including 26 men detached, sick or absent) in the Bishopric of Strasbourg on the right bank of the Rhine
    • Gronsfeld Cuirassiers (994 men and 850 horses, including 10 men detached, sick or absent) in Swabia, Breisgau and on the Kocher
    • Zanthe Cuirassiers (974 men and 815 horses, including 65 men detached, sick or absent) in Friedberg and in the region of Frankfurt
    • Alt-Hannover Cuirassiers (945 men and 596 horses, including 228 men detached, sick or absent) in the Palatinate
    • Alt-Hessen-Darmstadt Cuirassiers (931 men and 621 horses, including 239 men detached, sick or absent) in the Palatinate
    • Bayreuth Dragoons (945 men and 657 horses, including 104 men detached, sick or absent) in the County of Hauenstein
    • Limburg-Styrum Dragoons (918 men and 787 horses, including 78 men detached, sick or absent) in Frick
    • Castell Dragoons (877 men and 547 horses, including 61 men detached, sick or absent) in Franconia
    • Esterházy Hussars (878 men and 705 horses, including 552 men detached, sick or absent) in and around Landau
    • Gombos Hussars (902 men and 727 horses, including 30 men detached, sick or absent) in and around Landau
    • Loosy Hussars (888 men and 612 horses, including 607 men detached, sick or absent) in and around Landau 5 coys were still in Bohemia
    • Czungenberg Hussars (965 men and 785 horses, including 112 men detached, sick or absent) in and around Landau
    • Schad Dragoons (belonging to the Bishop of Würzburg) (? sqns) in the Bishopric of Würzburg
    • Kollonits Hussars (509 men and 435 horses, including 124 men detached, sick or absent) on the march would join the army at the beginning of March
    • Forgách Hussars (777 men and 563 horses, including 290 men detached, sick or absent) on the march would join the army at the beginning of March
    • Schlick Dragoons (? sqns) in cantonments on the frontier between Austria and Bavaria
  • Artillery
    • Staff (14 men)
    • Artillerymen (345 men, including workers)
    • Train (382 men, 706 horses and 744 oxen)
    • Miners (27 men) in Landau
    • Artillery pieces (30 pieces)
      • 4 cannon in Kenzingen
      • 26 x 3-pdr guns accompanying the infantry regiments

Reichsarmee

Summary: 47 bns and 64 sqns for a total of 29,827 foot and 8,503 cavalrymen.

Franconian troops

  • Infantry
    • Erff near Heilbronn
    • Schnebelin in the County of Hohenlohe
    • Schönbeck aka Anspach in the County of Hohenlohe
  • Cavalry
    • Brandenburg-Bayreuth Cuirassiers in Franconia
    • Auffsatz Dragoons in the County of Hohenlohe

Swabian troops

  • Infantry
    • Baden Baden in the Margraviate of Baden
    • Baden Durlach in the Margraviate of Durlach
    • Fürstenberg Möskirch in the vicinity of Offenburg and Hanau
    • Reischach in the towns of Heidenheim, Schorndorf, Hohenstaufen and Nördlingen in Württemberg
  • Cavalry
    • Stauffenberg Cuirassiers in Hornberg, Schiltach and in the Kinzig Valley
    • Erbprinz Württemberg Cuirassiers in the Margraviate of Durlach and in the Principality of Aemtern in Württemberg
    • Hohenzollern Dragoons in the Margraviates of Baden and Durlach

Troops of the Upper-Rhine

  • Infantry
    • Churmainz in the Bishopricc of Mainz
    • Darmstadt (unidentified unit) in the vicinity of Wiltstädt
    • Hessen-Darmstadt Garde (unidentified unit) in Landau, Kronweissenburg and vicinity
  • Cavalry
    • Bibra Dragoons in the Bishopricc of Mainz

Troops of Lower-Saxony

  • Infantry
    • Hildesheim on the Lauter

Palatine Troops most troops were posted in the vicinity of Alzey, Kreuznach, Neustadt/Haardt

  • Infantry
    • Isselbach in Neuburg on the Danube
    • Leibregiment zu Fuss
    • Anspach
    • Lübeck
    • Bourcheit
    • Sachsen-Meiningen
  • Cavalry
    • Carabiniers
    • Garde du Corps
    • Hochkirchen Cuirassiers
    • Leiningen-Westerburg Cuirassiers
    • Vehlen Dragoons
    • Wittgenstein Dragoons

Garrison

Garrisons of various places were made from detachments of the units listed above.

In Kehl (2,177 men in 19 coys)

  • Churmainz Grenadiers (26 men)
  • Churmainz Musketeers (383 men)
  • Baden Baden Infantry (460 men)
  • Baden Durlach Infantry (623 men)
  • Fürstenberg Möskirch Infantry (403 men)
  • Reischach Infantry (132 men)
  • various unidentified commandeered detachments (150 men)

In Breisach (3,458 men) under FML Philipp Count Arco assisted by Major-General Ludwig Count Marsigli

In Freiburg (2,080 men) under Major-General Baron von Winfelhofen

In Landau under FML Count Friesen

  • Troops of the Upper-Rhine District
  • All Imperial hussars

References

  • Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 5, Vienna 1878, pp. 286-290, Anhang 13a, 13 b