1703 – Franco-Bavarian advance on the Danube – Imperialist Winter-Quarters December

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1703 – Franco-Bavarian advance on the Danube >> Imperialists troops on the Danube, end January 1703

Description

By the end of November 1703, Field Marshal Baron Thüngen had prepared a plan for the winter-quarters of the Imperialist army in the region of the Danube.

All troops were under the command of Field Marshal Baron Thüngen seconded by G.d.C. Count von Castell.

FML Count von Leiningen commanded in the area between Isny and Waldsee. He was seconded by Prince Karl Alexander von Württemberg.

The main magazines were located at Lindau, Konstanz, Rothweil, Villingen, Rothenburg/Neckar and Mösskirch.

N.B.: the source document is of a poor quality, listing troops in different manners with repetitions and omissions. It is very difficult to get a precise idea of the dispositions of winter-quarters.

Polish and Saxon Contingent (in Imperial pay)

The Saxon contingent (in Imperial pay) was under the command of Lieutenant-General Johann Matthias Baron von der Schulenburg, who was seconded by Major-General von Wostromirski.

Infantry (6 bns) in the area of Waldsee (Bad Waldsee)

  • 1 bn at Markdorf
  • 2 bns at Wangen
  • 1 bns at Buckhorn (unidentified location) and Wasserburg
  • 2 bns in Ravensburg

Cavalry (4 rgts)

  • 2 rgts at Fürstenberg, Heiligenberg, Althausen and Aulendorf
  • 1 rgt at Fürstenberg-Mösskirch
  • 1 rgt at Zollern-Sigmaringen

Prussian Contingent

The Prussian troops were quartered in the District of Franconia, namely at Wembling and Pappenheim.

Dutch Contingent

The Dutch infantry (15 bns) under the command of Major-General Goor was quartered as follows:

  • 4 bns in Tuttlingen, Bahlingen, Ehingen and Rosenfeld
  • 4 bns in Schönberg
  • 4 bns at Riedlingen and then at Rothenburg/Neckar
  • 3 bns at Reutlingen

Kurmainz Contingent

Kurmainz Infantry (1 bn) was posted in the Margraviate of Baden-Durlach.

The Bibra Dragoons (5 sqns) were posted on the Rhine.

Contingent of the Duchy of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel

The troops of the Duchy of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel were under the command of the Prince of Bevern.

The infantry of the Duchy of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel occupied the outposts of Buchau, Bevern and Bernsdorf and the towns of Mengen and Scheer.

Cavalry

  • Bothmer Dragoons were at Wald, Habstall, Pfullendorf and Saulgau
  • Sachsen-Gotha Dragoons, Ostein Dragoons and Moorheim Cavalry (all unidentified units) were quartered in Upper Palatinate

Franconian Contingent

Franconian troops were quartered in Franconia and Upper Palatinate.

Swabian Contingent

Swabian troops were quartered as follows:

  • Infantry
    • Baden Baden (3 bns) in the Lines of Bühl
    • Fürstenberg (3 bns) in the Lines of Bühl
    • Roth (3 bns) in the Lines of Bühl
    • Baden Durlach in Nördlingen and Giengen
    • Reischach in Augsburg
  • Cavalry
    • Oettingen Dragoons (former Zollern Dragoons) in the Principality of Oettingen
    • Stauffenberg Cavalry (4 sqns) in the valleys of the margraviates of Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach
    • Erbprinz Württemberg Cavalry (4 sqns) in the valleys of the margraviates of Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach

Württemberger Contingent

Württemberger troops under the Duke of Württemberg were quartered as follows:

  • Infantry
    • 1 grenadier bn in Göppingen
    • Sternfels Grenadiers in Geisslingen
    • Aurach Infantry (unidentified unit)in the valleys of the margraviates of Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach
    • Heidenheim Infantry (unidentified unit) in the valleys of the margraviates of Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach
    • Wesen Grenadiers in the valleys of the margraviates of Baden-Baden and Baden-Durlach
  • Cavalry
    • Württemberger Dragoons (probably Fugger Dragoons) in Aurach and Munsingen

Upper-Rhenish Contingent

Infantry

  • Nassau-Weilburg (1 bn)
  • Buttlar (2 bns)

Austrian Contingent

Austrian troops were quartered as follows:

  • Infantry
    • Baden in Bregenz
    • Brandenburg-Bayreuth in Augsburg
    • Marsigli in Isny and Immenstadt
    • Bibra (unidentified unit) in Augsburg
    • Fuchs (unidentified unit) in Augsburg
    • Salm (4 bns) in the Margraviate of Baden-Baden
    • Thüngen (1 bn) in the Margraviate of Baden-Baden
  • Cavalry
    • Limburg-Styrum Dragoons in Upper Palatinate
    • Castell Dragoons in Geislingen
    • Fechenbach Dragoons (unidentified unit) in Scheer
    • Gronsfeld Cuirassiers in Weingarten, Weissenau, Baind and in the district of Waldsee
    • Hannover Cuirassiers in Egloff, Salmannsweil and Feldnang
    • Zanthe Cuirassiers in Rothweil and Engen
    • Zollern Cuirassiers (probably Hohenzollern Cuirassiers) in Zollern, Hecingen and Haicherloch
    • Hessen-Darmstadt Cuirassiers (???Alt or Jung???) in the County of Hohenberg
    • Cusani Cuirassiers in Swabia, behind the infantry
    • Mercy Cuirassiers in Trauchenburg and Wolfeck
  • Artillery and bridging train in the area of Lindau

N.B.:

  • all other Austrian infantry rgts remained in garrison on the Rhine and along the Bodensee
  • hussars occupied outposts around Waldsee and Isny

References

  • Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 5, Vienna 1878, pp. 575-578