1707 – Campaign in Spain – Allied OOB

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Campaigns >> 1707 – Campaign in Spain >> Order of battle of the Allied army in Spain for the campaign of 1707

Description

Order of battle of the Allied army in Spain for the campaign of 1707.

N.B.: several British and Dutch units which were present at Almansa are not mentioned in this order of battle. This suggest that an entire Allied corps is omitted from this list. As for the Portuguese units, since they were sometimes designated by their proper name (i.e. Almeida, Moura, etc.) and sometimes by the name of their colonels we have not been able to match all units listed in the order of battle at Almansa with the present order of battle.

First Column

  • Spanish King's Dragoons (3 sqns)
  • Portuguese Marquis das Minas Guards (1 sqn)
  • Portuguese General de la Cavallera (1 sqn)
  • Portuguese Elvas Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Portuguese Campo Maior Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Portuguese Moura Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Moras Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Portuguese Diego Deloillons Infantry (1 bn)
  • Portuguese Fra. Dares Infantry (1 bn)
  • Dutch Saint-Amant Infantry (2 bns)
  • Dutch Friesheim Infantry (1 bn)
  • British Southwell’s Foot (1 bn of 834 men)
  • British Hill’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British Blood’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British William Stewart's Foot (1 bn of 876 men)
  • British Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot aka Portmore (1 bn of 876 men)
  • Dutch Drymborn Cavalry (1 sqn)
  • Dutch Mattas (2 sqns ) probably Mattha Dragoons
  • Dutch Schlippenbach Dragoons (1 sqn)
  • British Harvey's Horse (2 sqns for a total of 418 men)
  • British Count Nassau Dragoons (2 sqns for a total of 589 men) unidentified unit
  • British Guiscard's Draggons (2 sqns for a total of 761 men) aka the French Regiment
  • British Princess Ann of Denmark's Dragoons (1 sqn) aka Essex
  • British Queen's Dragoons (1 sqn) aka Carpenter
  • British Henry Cunningham's Dragoons (2 sqns)


Second Column

  • Spanish Nebot Cavalry (1 sqn)
  • Portuguese Almeida Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Portuguese Penemacore Cavalry (? sqns)
  • Portuguese Elvas Cavalry (2 sqns) also mentioned as part of the first column
  • Portuguese Estremole Cavalry (1 sqn)
  • Portuguese Olivença Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Cordua Cuirassier (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Sobias Infantry (1 bn)
  • Spanish Castillione Infantry (1 bn)
  • Spanish Zaberrs Infantry (1 bn)
  • Spanish Rubys Infantry (1 bn)
  • Spanish Sainte-Colombe Infantry (1 bn)
  • British My Lord Gallway's Foot (2 bns) unidentified unit
  • British Blosset's Foot (2 bns) unidentified unit
  • Spanish (Catalan) Saragosa Infantry (1 bn)
  • Portuguese Tras-os-Montes Cavalry (3 sqns)
  • Portuguese Lisboa Cavalry (3 sqns)
  • Portuguese Viana Cavalry (3 sqns)
  • Portuguese Moncom Cavalry (3 sqns) probably Moncão
  • British Pearce's Dragoons (1 sqn)
  • British Pepper's Cavalry (1 sqn) unidentified unit

Unlisted Units

  • Huguenot Belcastel Infantry (1 bn)
  • Dutch Keppelfox Infantry (1 bn)
  • Huguenot Viçouse Infantry (1 bn)
  • Dutch Tassin de Torsay Infantry (1 bn)
  • British Mordaunt’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British Macartney's Foot (1 bn)
  • British Gorges’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British Combined Battalion of Foot Guards (1 bn)
  • Dutch Welderen Infantry (1 bn)
  • Huguenot Cavallier Infantry (1 bn)
  • Huguenot Lislemarais Infantry (1 bn)
  • British Boor’s Marines (1 bn)
  • British Bretton’s Foot (1 bn)
  • Dutch Vreyness Cavalry (2 sqns) unidentified unit
  • British Mountjoy's Foot (1 bn)
  • British Peterborough Dragoons (2 sqns) unidentified unit
  • British Killigrew Dragoons (1 sqn)
  • British Wade’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British Lord Mark Kerr’s Foot (1 bn)
  • British Allnutt’s Foot (1 bn)

References

Marburg Digital archive (Digitales Archiv Marburg - Das DigAM Projekt - Ausstellung: Digitalisierungsprojekt Wilhelmshöher Kriegskarten (WHK) – Ausstellungsraum: WHK Wilhelmshöher Kriegskarten Bd. 13: Spanischer Erbfolgekrieg 1701-1714 bis zum Frieden von Rastatt – Dokument: Schlachtordnung der Allierten in Spanien 1707

Delahaye, Gabriel: Order of battle of the Allied army at Almanza, 1707 in the Royal Collection Trust

Grant, Charles S.: The Armies and Uniforms of Marlborough's Wars, vol 1 and 2

Journals of the House of Commons], Vol. 15, p. 447

Knötel, Uniformenkunde, Bd. XVI, No. I

Sapherson, C.A.: The Dutch Army of William III

Wyre Forest Gamers – The Bourbon Succession Saved: The Battle of Almanza (25th April 1707)

Acknowledgements

Jörg Meier for the initial version of this article