1707 – Rákóczi Uprising in Hungary
The campaign lasted from April to December 1707
In April 1707, the Estates of Hungary met at Maros-Vásarhely (present-day Tirgu Mures/RO) and elected Rákoczy as sovereign of Hungary. However, Rákoczy had to guarantee the old privileges of the aristocracy.
On 18 May, Rákoczy invited the representatives of all Komitats (counties) to Onod. The representatives of the Komitat of Thuróczy had already contacted authorities at Vienna and proposed to Rákoczy to initiate negotiations with Emperor Joseph I. Most aristocrats present at the gathering of the Estates rejected this idea. They also refused to implement the new tax proposed by Rákoczy who was very upset and threatened to leave the meeting. However, Franz Klobusitzky managed to convince him to stay. In the ensuing chaos, Bercsényi, Károlyi and Emerich Illosvay seized their sabres; killed the vice-governor of the Komitat of Thuróczy, Melchior Rakovszky; and wounded Chritian Okolicsanyi. Some people started shouting that Rákoczy had been killed and the French artillerymen turned their guns on the big tent where the meeting was hold. Hopefully, Andreas Zay clarified the misunderstanding.
After this incident, Okolicsanyi was beheaded and 17 representatives of the Komitat of Thuróczy were imprisoned. Finally, the Komitat was dismembered and subdivided among the neighbouring counties.
The Estates of Hungary also declared that Joseph I was not King of Hungary anymore.
For the campaign of 1707, Rákoczy could count on an army of approx. 66,000 men in 31 infantry regiments and 52 cavalry regiments. He tried to obtain the support of Tsar Peter I of Russia, of King Charles XII of Sweden and of the newly elected King of Poland, Stanisław I Leszczyński.
No big battle took place during this campaign. Guido Starhemberg contented himself with occupying some castles in Western Slovakia and concentrated on the defence of the line of the Váh River.
Chrastina, Ph Dr. Petr: Krajina v bitke …, Prešov/SK, 2012
Fessler, Dr. I. A.: Die Geschichte der Ungern, part IX. File 19. Leipzig 1825
Vojenské dejiny Slovenska, file II, Bratislava 1995
Harald Skala for the initial version of this article