1708-07-11 – Battle of Oudenarde

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Battles and Encounters >> 1708-07-11 – Battle of Oudenarde

Allied decisive victory


At the beginning of the campaign of 1708, the Allies tried to conquer the Spanish Netherlands. The Imperialist troops led by Prince Eugène de Savoie should march from the Moselle along Rhine and, after making a junction with the Reichstruppen (troops from the Hereditary Countries) near Koblenz, effect as quickly as possible a junction with the British-Dutch army of the Duke of Marlborough.

However, the French army of the Duc de Vendôme initially seized the initiative and, by 5 July, managed to capture Ghent and Bruges. It now threatened Brabant. Vendôme's next objective was the fortified city of Oudenarde, 55 km from Bruxelles. The capture of this place would deny the Allies the crossing over the Scheldt and the connection between Menin and Courtrai. Two French armies with 130 bns, 216 sqns and 120 guns were concentrated in the region of Mons.

On 8 July, during a war council, the Duke of Marlborough decided to send a strong reinforcement to Oudenarde. South of Bruxelles, there were British, Dutch, Hanoverian, Prussian, Hessian and Imperialist troops totalling 112 bns, 197 sqns and 113 guns. On the same day, the French were in front of Lessines.

In the night of 9 to 10 July, the Duke of Marlborough's vanguard prevented Vendôme from crossing the Scheldt north of Oudenarde. A first attack led by Lieutenant-General de Chémerault with 3,000 men was repulsed.

Over 80,000 French under the command of the Duke of Vendôme and the Duc de Bourgogne and about 70,000 British and Dutch under the command of the Duke of Marlborough and Imperialists and Prussians under Prince Eugène marched towards the Scheldt for battle.

The Duc de Bourgogne wanted to deploy his army on the left bank of the Scheldt in front of Oudenarde, secure the crossing points on the Scheldt at Gavre with entrenchments and advance with an army corps on Menin. Vendôme, however, insisted on crossing the Scheldt together to directly attack the Allies on the other bank.

On 10 July, the Allies crossed the Dender River.


Map of the Battle of Oudenarde – Copyright: Dinos Antoniadis
A March of the Allied Army
B Allied pontoon bridges on the Scheldt River
C Village of Eine occupied by 4 French bns
D 3 French bns that retreated
E March of the Allied cavalry right and left wings
F 8 Allied sqns which drove back 12 French sqns near the Auberge de L'Hopital of Oudenarde
G the 12 French sqns which had been driven back
H 5 Allied bns surrounding the village of Eine
I Allied Infantry deployed in order of battle
K Order of Battle of all the Allied Cavalry
L Hedges and villages occupied by French Infantry
M Franco-Bavarian Infantry
N French Cavalry
O March of the Franco-Bavarian Army
P Places where the French troops defiled to occupy the hedges, villages and plain
Q Hill where the French posted a battery at the start of the action to cannonade the Allied cavalry near the Mill of Hurne
R Allied Cavalry posted near the Mill of Hurne
S The two lines of the Franco-Bavarian Army, where they posted themselves after the battle
T French Cavalry that retired when the Allies approached
V Placed where a Franco-Bavarian corps remained during the whole action
W The Allied artillery
X Retreat of the Franco-Bavarian Army

Description of Events

On 11 July at dawn, Major-General Cadogan was sent with a strong corps to secure the crossing of the Scheldt for the main army.

Around 11:00 a.m., Cadogan reached Oudenarde. He crossed the Scheldt with part of his corps, using the bridge on fortress. He then established three pontoon bridges. The rest of his corps crossed the Scheldt on these bridges and took position on the ridges of Bevere. Cadogan left 4 bns to guard the bridges.

From the heights of Bevere, Cadogan noticed French cavalry led by the Marquis de Biron. Cadogan sent 1 sqn which attacked this French detachment and drove it back to Syngen, taking some cavalrymen prisoners.

Around noon, when the vanguard of the Allied cavalry reached the Scheldt River, none of the bridges had yet been completed.

In the meantime Vendôme's Army arrived. Biron – now at the head of 12 sqns – drove Cadogan's cavalry back behind the Eyne creek. When Biron reached the windmill some 500 paces north of Eyne, he could see the 4 bns guarding the bridges, but also the Allied cavalry, which was crossing the Scheldt on these bridges.

Cadogan reported to the Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugène that the French had crossed the Scheldt at 9:00 a.m. and marched to Syngem in battle order.

At 1:00 p.m., General Natzmer passed the first bridge with 39 sqns and made a junction with Cadogan's cavalry on the left bank of the Scheldt.

By that time, Vendôme had already deployed most of his army in order of battle. He decided to attack immediately.

General Pfiffer advanced with 7 Swiss bns (Pfiffer Infanterie, Villars-Chandieu Infanterie and Wolfgang Greder Infanterie), supported by a few sqns, and occupied Heurne and the road along the Scheldt, his Swiss infantry deployed in line between Rotz and Mullem. However, Pfiffer remained completely isolated with his Swiss infantry, as the supporting cavalry had stopped at the windmills of Heurne.

At 3:00 p.m., when Cadogan noticed Pfiffer's isolated infantry, he sent Brigadier Sabine with his vanguard (4 British bns), supported by his cavalry, to attack the Swiss in Heurne. After a brave resistance, Pfiffer was forced to capitulate with 4 bns, while the remaining 3 bns managed to retire to the windmills.

In the same time, Rantzau attacked 4 sqns of the Maison du Roi led by Colonel de la Bretèche, which were posted near these windmills. However, Rantzau's cavalry soon came under the fierce fire of the French guns established at the western edge of Huysse and was forced to retire.

De La Bretèche then rallied his sqns and counter-attacked. The Elector of Hanover with the 'Leibschwadron of Bülow Dragoons stopped the pursuing French sqns.

Once Rantzau had rallied his cavalry, de La Bretèche's cavalry was completely annihilated. De La Bretèche was taken prisoners, his detachment lost three pairs of drums and 12 colours.

During these combats, Marlborough's and Prince Eugène's troops passed the bridges on the Scheldt and took position on the ridges near Heurne. Natzmer with 39 sqns crossed the Eyne creek and stopped near the village of Eyne. Bülow received the order to deploy his wing on the ridges of Heurne to – if necessary – support Cadogan. The latter sent Colyear and Grumbkow bns to Groenvelde.

Meanwhile, the right wing of the French army reached the ridges left of the Norken stream, part of the the cavalry deployed on the right behind Lede, the infantry behind Mullem, from Huysse to the road leading from Oudenarde to Ghent, the rest of the cavalry deployed on the left, on the other side of the road. The front of the French right wing was covered by the Norken stream.

Advance of the right wing of the French army

At 4:00 p.m., instead of waiting behind the hills of Norken for the arrival of Vendôme, the right wing of the French army crossed the hills. The Maréchal de camp Marquis Grimaldi advanced with 16 sqns to Diepenbeke, but returned later to the windmills of Royegem. The Du Roi and Poitou infantry brigades followed.

Grimaldi's cavalry and the supporting infantry advanced to Herlegem and drove the bns of Colyear and and Grumbkow out of the village.

Vendôme supported the two infantry brigades with Picardie Infanterie and Piémont Infanterie and soon the whole right wing of the French army stood on the flat heights between the Groote creek and Diepenbeke. Due to their hasty advance, the French troops were disorganised. The Allies received them with a fierce artillery fire. The French cavalry could not intervene because of the difficult terrain, and the French infantry was left on its own.

Around 5:00 p.m., Marlborough and Prince Eugène arrived. They let Cadogan's infantry advanced from Heurne to support the two isolated bns of Colyear and Grumbkow, which were posted along the Eyne stream. These troops stopped the French attack.

Vendôme now wanted to advance the cavalry and infantry of the French left wing, but the Duc de Bourgogne declared that the stream would be difficult to pass and that the left wing should entrench itself. So it happened that the 60 bns of the French left wing were not used at all. Only the infantry of the right wing, the Maison du Roi, the Gendamerie and the two cavalry brigades could participate in the fight.

At about this time, the Duke of Argyle arrived with the first infantry column (20 British bns, 6 Hanoverian bns led by Major-General Bernstorff and some regimental guns) and advanced against the hedges along the Eyne stream.

Around 6:00 p.m., General Lottum arrived with the rest of the Allied infantry (Prussians and Hanoverians), just at the moment when the French were trying to turn Argyle's left wing. Lottum, covered by the Allied cavalry, attacked the French.

The infantry battle swayed back and forth several times. The cavalry of the left wing of the Allies was delayed by two hours as the bridges at Oudenarde had collapsed twice.

When the third Allied infantry column (18 Dutch and Hanoverian bns) reached the battlefield, it was sent to the extreme right wing, where the toughest combats were taking place. The French resisted vigorously, but finally the Allies crossed the creek and came as far as Diepenbeke. Now the troops of the fourth Allied infantry column (20 Danish and Dutch bns) as well as some cavalry were used to envelope the French right wing near Oycke.

Prince Eugène hurried with the reinforcements received from Lottum to the extreme right wing to support Cadogan. Together, they managed to break through the French lines. The cavalry of Lieutenant-General Natzmer and Bülow then advanced against the French. Dense clouds of dust now obstructed the view so that Allies cavalry was fired upon by its own infantry.

Encirclement of the French extreme right wing

The fourth Allied infantry column led by Field Marshal Nassau-Ouwerkerk and the whole cavalry of left wing encircled the right wing of the French. Its first line, General Wenck with the Hollandsche Gardes te Voet and the Nassau-Woudenberg infantry brigade drove the French back behind the Diepenbeke creek and occupied the Castle of Bruan. FZM Prince Nassau-Oranien-Dietz and Lieutenant-General Oxenstierna marched with the remaining infantry and the 2,000 Danish horse of G.d.C Count Tilly to the hills over Oycke and along the windmills north of Ketelhoek.

These troops were now on the right flank of the French. Tilly's 12 sqns advanced on Royegem, followed by the infantry of the Prince Nassau-Oranien-Dietz and Oxenstierna. Tilly attacked the Maison du Roi and the Gendamerie and drove them back to the mills of Roygem. After the retreat of the Maison du Roi, the remaining French troops fell into hopeless confusion.

At 9:00 p.m., Vendôme made one last attempt to save the situation. The French infantry advanced from the hedges of Mullem and attacked the rear of the Prussian infantry and Danish guards, but were repulsed. Prince Eugène with superior forces stopped further French advance.

As night fell, Marlborough ordered to stop the fight. The French fled in different directions to Tournai, Lille, Ypres and Deynze. Under the cover of darkness at the Castle of Bruan, some of them managed to break through the Allied lines and flee by way of Courtrai to the border of French Flanders.

After the collapse of the French right wing, Vendôme held a council of war with the intention of continuing the fight (half of the army, 50 bns and 180 sqns had not yet been involved in any fighting). However, after seeing the catastrophic state of the army, he ordered the retreat.


Around 1:00 a.m. on 12 July, Saint-Hilaire left the battlefield with the French artillery, some troops had received their orders too late and retreated only during the following morning. This was the case of Lieutenant-General du Rosel with his 100 sqns.

In this battle, the Allies lost

  • infantry: 55 officers and 764 men killed, 182 officers and 1,976 men wounded
  • cavalry: 35 officers killed and 361 men wounded.

The exact losses of the French are not known, they are estimated at 6,000 killed or wounded and 8,000 men taken prisoners.

The Allies captured 25 guns, 32 standards and 46 colours an 12 pairs of drums.

On 12 July, the Duc de Berwick arrived with reinforcements for the French army. His arrival prevented the Allies from exploiting their victory Allies but the way south to France was open.

The French camped behind Canal of Bruges, Vendôme's headquarters were in Lovendegem

The Maréchal de Boufflers was able to throw 15,000 men into Lille, which would surrender after a long siege on 22 October. The citadel resisting until December.

Order of Battle

Allied Order of Battle

Commander-in-chief: Duke of Marlborough

Right Wing under Captain General John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough and General Prince Eugène de Savoie

Vanguard under Quartermaster-General William Cadogan

Major-General John Campell, Duke of Argyll's Command

Major-General Philip Karl, Count Lottum's Command

  • Major-General Tettaus's Divison
  • Lieutenant-General Dedem's Division
    • Maj. Gen. Dönhoff's infantry brigade
      • Prussian Lattorf (1 bn)
      • Prussian Grumbkow (1 bn)
      • Prussian Varenne' (1 bn)
      • Prussian Erbprinz (1 bn)
    • Brigadier General Burd's briagde of Foot
      • Prussian Dönhof (1 bn)
      • Prussian Dohna (1 bn) ?Alt or Jung-Dohna?
      • Prussian Lottum (2 bns)
    • Brigadier General Truffel's infantry brigade
      • Prussian Markgraf Albrecht (1 bn) ?already mentioned in the vanguard?
      • Prussian Garde Füsiliere (1 bn)
      • Prussian Kronprinz (3 bns)

Lieutenant-General Prinz von Holstein Beck's command

  • Major-General Bernsdorff's Division
    • Brigadier General Gauvain's infantry brigade
    • Brigadier General Keppel's infantry brigade
      • Dutch Keppel (1 bn)
      • Dutch Dohna-Ferrassières (1 bn)
      • Dutch Salisch (1 bn)
      • Hessian Prinz Maximilian (2 bns)
      • Münster Schwartz (1 bn)
    • Brigadier General Wertmüller's infantry brigade
      • Prussian (Prussian) Kroonprins van Pruissen (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Walloon) Fournier (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Swiss) Albemarle (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Swiss) Chambrier (1 bn)
    • unkown commander's infantry brigade
      • Dutch (Swiss) Mestral (1 bn)
      • Münster Elvervelt (1 bn)
  • Lieutenant-General Dubislav Natzmer's Divison
    • Brigadier General Spaan's cavalry brigade
      • Prussian Katte Horse (2 sqns)
      • Prussian Heiden Horse (2 sqns)
      • Prussian Schlippenbach Horse (3 sqns)
      • Prussian Kronprinz Horse (3 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Hadeborn's cavalry brigade
      • Prussian Leib-Regiment zu Pferde (3 sqns)
      • Prussian Wittgenstein Dragoons (4 sqns)
      • Prussian Ansbach Dragoons (4 sqns)
      • Prussian Leib-Regiment Dragoner (4 sqns)
  • Lieutenant-General Henry Lumley's Divison
  • Lieutenant-General Bülow's Divison
    • Major-General Bauditz
      • Brigadier General Chanclos's cavalry brigade
        • Dutch Chanclos Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Obdam Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Holstein van der Nath Dragoons (4 sqns)
    • Major-General Bothmer
    • Major-General St. Laurent

Left Wing under Field Marshal Nassau-Ouwerkerk

Count Tilly's Command

  • Lieutenant-General J. Rantzau's Division
  • Lieutenant-General Oostfrise's Divison
    • Brigadier General Baldwin's cavalry brigade
      • Dutch Tilly Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Dutch Oyen Cavalry (1 sqn)
      • Dutch Vittinghoff Cavalry (1 sqn)
      • Dutch Baldwin Cavalry (2 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Rechteren's cavalry brigade
      • Dutch Rechteren Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Dutch 's-Graevemoer Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Dutch Driesbergen (2 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Posern's cavalry brigade
      • Dutch La Tour d'Auvergne Cavalry (1 sqn)
      • Dutch Erbach Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Dutch Dompré Cavalry (2 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Mauritz's cavalry brigade
      • Dutch Garde te Paard (2 sqns)
      • Dutch Garde du Corps (1 sqn)
      • Dutch Karabinier (4 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Schmettau's cavalry brigade
      • Anspach-Bayreuth Schmettau Dragoons (4 sqns)
    • Brigadier General Schlippenbach's dragoon brigade
      • Dutch Garde Dragonders (5 sqns)

Lieutenant-General Heukelom's Command

  • Major-General Wies' Divison
  • Major-General Zoutelande's Divison
    • Brigadier General Boisset's infantry brigade
    • Brigadier General Bjelke's infantry brigade
    • Major-General Murray's Scots infantry brigade
      • Dutch (Scots) Colyear (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Scots) Hepburn (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Scots) Tullibardine (1 bn)

The Prince of Orange's Command

  • Major-General Hompesh's Cavalry command
    • Major-General Vittinghof's Divison
      • Brigadier General Dewitz cavalry brigade
      • Brigadier General Grovestine's cavalry brigade
        • Dutch Grovestine Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Friesland Garde du Corps (1 sqn)
        • Dutch Oranje-Frisland Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Nassau-La Leck Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Brigadier General Württemberg's cavalry brigade
        • Dutch Cralingen Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Württemberg Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Westphalian Hühnerbein Cavalry (2 sqns)
    • General Prinz von Hessen's Division
      • Brigadier General Starkenburg's dragoon brigade
        • Palatine Carabiniers (3 sqns) aka Venningen, Pfenningen
        • Dutch Hessen-Homburg Cavalry or Hessian Aueroch Dragoons (3 sqns)
      • Brigadier General Lubbert van Eck's cavalry brigade
        • Dutch Eck Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Athlone Cavalry (2 sqns)
        • Dutch Oost-Friesland Cavalry (2 sqns)
      • Brigadier General Erbach's dragoon brigade
        • British (Walloon) Walef's Dragoons (4 sqns)
        • Dutch Dopf Dragoons (4 sqns)

Lieutenant-General Oxenstierna's Infantry command

  • Lieutenant-General Oyen's Division
    • Brigadier General Gobeder's infantry brigade
      • Dutch Oranje-Friesland (2 bns)
      • Dutch Lindeboom (1 bn)
      • Dutch Rechteren (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Walloon) Delsuperché (1 bn)
  • Major-General Gauther's Division
    • Ranck's infantry brigade
      • Dutch (Swiss) Stürler (2 bns)
      • Dutch Ranck (1 bn)
      • Dutch Soutelande (1 bn)
      • Dutch Fagel (1 bn)
  • Major-General Johan Wernder van Pallandt's Divison
    • Brigadier General Berner's infantry brigade
      • Dutch van der Beke (1 bn)
      • Brandenburg-Ansbach Castell-Remlingen (1 bn)
      • Brandenburg-Ansbach Seckendorff-Gutend (1 bn)
      • Dutch Dedem (1 bn)
      • Holstein-Gottorp Aderkas (1 bn)
      • Holstein-Gottorp Berner (1 bn)
    • Major-General d'Auvergne's infantry brigade
      • Danish Württemberg-Oels (1 bn)
      • Dutch Slangenburg (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Swiss) Albemarle (1 bn)
      • Dutch (Scots) Murray (1 bn)

Artillery (8 large guns and 12 light guns) only 4 were taken into action

French Order of Battle

Commander-in-chief: Elector Maximilian II of Bavaria, commanding the right wing, and Maréchal Villeroy, commanding the left wing

Summary: 70 bns, 132 sqns 70 artillery pieces for a total of 62,000 men)

Establishing the French order of battle for Oudenarde
There are a number of orders of battle for the French Army about the time of the battle but so far we have found only one which claims to be the French order of battle on the day of the battle itself: Digital Archive Marburg – Ordre de battaille du Duc de Bourgogne proche de Oudenarde, 1708.

The other sources either precede the battle by about two months or reflect the state of the French army after the battle.

The present order of battle is this based on that found in the Digital Archive Marburg. Fortunately there are a number of documents which allow us to verify the information given in this order of battle. First we have a list of infantry regiments in Pelet (État des batallions qui ont combattu le 11 Juillet 1709, Pelet/Vault, p.385) which were engaged during the battle. This list seems consistent with the order of battle available in the Digital Archive Marburg.

Then we have Vendôme's report of the battle, also in Pelet (p.390). Vendôme mentions four brigades led by himself and Grimaldi during a counterattack on the Allied forces. That these brigades are adjacent to each other in the order of battle of the Digital Archive Marburg again supports the claim that the latter source is rather accurate.

Last we have some information of remnants of regiments taking refuge in Lille after the battle, where they became part of the units defending the city during the siege. Again these units are among those mentioned in the order of battle of the Digital Archive Marburg, where we find them in centre of the second line.

Most interesting is the order of battle in Pelet for 3 August 1708 (Projet de l'order de bataille de l'infantere; 3 August 1708, p.412) as it shows the reduced number of many battalions in some regiments. Thereby indirectly confirming which regiments were present and most heavily engaged.

Acknowledgement: Jörg Meier for this research

First Line Second Line Reserve
Right Wing
Peseux's Brigade
  • Mestre de Camp Général Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Belabre Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Pézeux Dragons (3 sqns)

Villiers's Brigade

  • La Reine Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Lesparre Dragons (3 sqns)

May's Brigade (Maison du Roi)

  • Chevau-légers de la Garde (1 sqn)
  • Gendarmes de la Garde (1 sqn)
  • Mousquetaires de la Garde (2 sqns)
  • Grenadiers à cheval (1 sqn)
  • Gardes du corps (8 sqns)

Beauvau's Brigade

  • Gendarmerie de France (8 sqns)

Vidanie's Brigade

  • Bourgogne Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Saint-Aignan Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Fontaine Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Rosen's Brigade

Mineur's Brigade
  • Spanish Egmont Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Matignon Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Dauphin Etrangers Cavalerie (3 sqns)

d'Anblestin's Brigade

  • Harcourt Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Belaccueil Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Cologne Dobbelstein Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • La Bretauche Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Barentin's Brigade

  • Marteville Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Cajeux Cavalerie (2 sqns) unidentified unit
  • Barentin Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Dauphin (3 sqns)
Pourrières's Brigade
  • Vassé Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Pourrières Dragons (3 sqns)

Uzès's Brigade

  • Royal Pieémont Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Tarente Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Uzès Cavalerie (2 sqns)
Infantry Centre
Selve's Brigade

Arpignon's Brigade

d'Urbaville's Brigade

Mouche's Brigade

Lamarck's Brigade

Albergotti's Brigade

Montpeza's Brigade

  • Gardes Françaises (6 bns)
  • Gardes Suisses (3 bns)
  • Cologne Gardes (2 bns) or with the Reserve

Steckenberg's Brigade

d'Ettevil's Brigade

Isenghien's Brigade

Nanges's Brigade

Vasse's Brigade

Vitré's Brigade

Bodvan's Brigade

Saint-Pierre's Brigade

Rheingraff's Brigade

  • Nice (2 bns)
  • Italian Saint-Segond (1 bn)
  • Spanish Rheingraff (1 bn)
  • Spanish Tilly (1 bn) unidentified unit

Swiss Brigade

Antin's Brigade

Courrière's Brigade

  • Spanish Laerne (1 bn)
  • Spanish Courrières (1 bn)
  • Spanish Nassau (1 bn)
  • Condé (2 bns)
  • Spanish Wemmel (1 bn)

Montmorency's Brigade

  • Italian Grimaldi (1 bn)
  • La Sarre (2 bns)
  • Walloon Pantoka (1 bn)
Laporte's Brigade

Croy's Brigade

Left Wing
Piousac's Brigade
  • Villeroy Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Duras Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Livry's Brigade

  • Orléans Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Livry Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • La Mothe Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Nill's Brigade

  • Desmarets Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Forsat Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Courcillon Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Cloys's Brigade

  • Rozel Carabiniers (1 sqn)
  • De Cloys Carabiniers (2 sqns)
  • L'Estange Carabiniers (3 sqns)

Dauley's Brigade

  • Rouvray Carabiniers (4 sqns)
  • Verneuil Carabiniers (5 sqns)
  • Anlézy Cavalerie (2 sqns)



  • Carabiniers (6 sqns) the carabinier brigades are already
    mentioned elsewhere,could be Royal-Cravate

Aquaviva's Brigade

  • Rohan-Chabot Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Spanish Aquaviva (2 sqns)
  • Saint-Chamond Dragons (3 sqns)

Nautaff's Brigade

  • Le Roy Dragons (3 sqns)
  • Cologne Notthafft Dragoons (2 sqns) aka Gardes Dragons
  • Maine Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Béringhen Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Lacatoire's Brigade

  • Chérisey Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Roye Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Lacatoire Cavalry (2 sqns)

Acosta's Brigade

  • Esclainvilliers Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Tarnault Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Acosta Cavalry (2 sqns)

Chamfleur's Brigade

  • Paon Cavalerie (2 bns)
  • Saint-Phal Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Spanish Gaetano Cavalry (2 sqns)
  • Chamfleur Cavalerie (2 sqns) unidentified


  • Bavarian or Cologne Arco Cuirassiers (2 sqns)
  • Alzeau Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Royal-Etrangers Cavalerie (3 sqns)
Cano's Brigade
  • Spanish Cano Cavalry (2 sqns
  • Bellefonds Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Condé Cavalerie (3 sqns)

Nugent's Brigade

  • Irish Nugent Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • La Tour Cavalerie (2 sqns)
  • Ligondèz Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Mortendre's Brigade

Cruckenberg's Brigade

  • Royal-Allemand Cavalerie (3 sqns)
  • Biron Cavalerie (2 sqns) unidentified
  • Braque Cavalerie (2 sqns)

Pasteur's Brigade


Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1, Vol. 10

Calendar of Treasury Books, Volume 20, 1705-1706

Digital Archive Marburg

Pelet and Vault: Mémoires militaires relatifs à la succession d'Espagne sous Louis XIV; extraits de la correspondance de la cour et des généraux, Vol. 8, Paris, 1850, p. 377-379, 385, 408-412

Projet de l'ordre de bataille de l'infanterie de l'armée de Flandre, 16th May 1708, Pelet/Vault, p.377f after Archives du dépôt de la guerre, pièce originale, vol. 2080, no. 169.

Quincy, Charles Sevin de: Histoire Militaire Du Règne De Louis Le Grand, Tome V, Paris, 1726, p. 486

Scott, Christopher: Oudenarde, Leigh-on-Sea, 2008, (Oob by Chr. Scott and Nick Dorrell)

Susane: Histoire de la cavalerie française

  • Vol 2, p.189f (for the Carabinier Brigades)
  • Vol. 3, p. 258, 291f

Velden, Henk van: De infanterie regimenten van het Nederlandse leger

Velden, Henk van: De cavalerie regimenten van het Nederlandse leger

Vial, Jean-Louis: Liste ou établissemens de tous les Corps qui composent les 20.000 hommes dont la Reine de Grande Bretagne et les États Généraux sont convenus d'augmenter leurs troupes en 1703



Harald Skala for the relation of the battle, Dinos Antoniadis for the map and Jörg Meier for the orders of battle of the Allies and Franco-Spanish