1st Sjællandske Cuirassiers

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Danish Army >> 1st Sjællandske Cuirassiers

Origin and History

The regiment was created in 1670. It was raised in Holbæk, Dragsholm, Kalundborg, Ringsted, Sorø and Andvorskov counties. In 1675, it was divided in the 1st and 2nd Sjællandske Cuirassiers.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 1698: K. See
  • from 1710: H. Løvenhjelm
  • from 1716: J. F. Brockenhuus

During the Great Northern War (1700-21), in 1700, the regiment took part in the landing at Humlebaek; in 1709 and 1710, in the Scanian Campaign; in 1711, in the Battle of Wismar; in 1712, in the Battle of Gadebusch, and in the sieges of Stade and Stralsund. In 1716, the regiment was sent to Zealand.

The regiment was broken up in 1721.

Service during the War

The Regiment did not take part in the War of the Spanish Succession.

Uniform

Trooper

Uniform in 1675- Source: Copyright Richard Couture
Uniform Details in 1675
Headgear black tricorne laced white with an iron skull for combat; a black cockade was worn on the left side of the hat
Neck stock black
Coat double-breasted grey-white coat with crimson red lining and with 22 brass buttons (11 on each side) and 1 brass button on each side in the small of the back. All buttonholes were trimmed in crimson red (the distinctive colour of the regiment)
Collar none
Shoulder straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets with brass buttons (we assume that there were 3 buttons in our illustration)
Cuffs crimson red with brass buttons (we assume that there were 3 buttons in our illustration)
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat yellow with metal buttons
Breeches yellowish natural leather
Leather Equipment
Cross-belt yellowish natural leather worn across the left shoulder
Waistbelt yellowish natural leather waist-belt worn above the coat
Scabbard black leather with a metal tip
Footgear black leather riding boots
Horse Furniture
Saddlecloth crimson red bordered white, with three blue lions on a yellow field in the lower rear corner
Housings crimson red bordered white, with three blue lions on a yellow field
Blanket roll crimson red


Troopers wore a blackened breast plate and were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.

NCOs

NCOs were distinguished from privates by a silver lace on the hat and silver edging on the cuffs, and wore full cuirass.

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of the privates and NCOs by the finer material used. They were not standardized across the entire army but seem to have been similar within a regiment. Buttons were silver-plated and silver embroideries decorated the coat, cuffs and pocket flaps. Their coat could be single or double-breasted. The hats of officers were often edged with a white plumetis. The officers wore full cuirass.

Musicians

No information found yet

Standards

Colonel Standard: white field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left); centre device consisting of three blue lions on a yellow field within a crowned blue rococo frame; golden fringe.

Company Standard: red field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left); centre device consisting of three blue lions on a yellow field within a crowned blue rococo frame; golden fringe.

Colonel Standard - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Company Standard - Copyright: Kronoskaf


References

Martinsson, Örian: Danish Cavalry Uniforms 1700-1730 in Tacitus.nu

Snorasson, Torstein and Søren Henriksen: Danish Uniforms 1699-1712, Chakoten 1997 and 1998.

Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Åke;: The Great Northern war 1700-1721 part 2

Scheunchen, Helge: Den Spanske Arvefølge Krig, Chakoten 1984

Acknowledgment

Henrik Plenge for the initial version of this article.