2nd Jyske Cuirassiers
Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Danish Army >> 2nd Jyske Cuirassiers
Origin and History
The regiment was created in 1670 from the Livregiment Ryttere and Rantzau’s Independent Company which had been broken up the same year. In 1675, the unit was divided in 1st Jyske Cuirassiers and 2nd Jyske Cuirassiers. The second regiment was stationed in the County of Kolding.
From 1701 to 1713, during the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment served in the pay of Great Britain with the army of the “Sea Powers.”
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:
- from 28 April 1696: Adam Marcus Utterwich (aka Uterwick) killed in action at the Battle of Ramillies in 1706
- from 16 June 1706: Bendix Brockdorff
- from 18 May 1711: Hans Helmut Lüttichau
In 1715 and 1716, during the Great Northern War (1700-21), the regiment took part in campaigns in Northern Germany. In 1718 and 1719, it served in Norway.
Service during the War
Throughout the war, the regiment served with the army of the “Sea Powers.”
In October 1701, two squadrons crossed the Elbe and marched by way of Hanover and Münster to Friesland and Brabant.
In 1702, these squadrons took part in the siege and capture of Liège.
In mid-March 1704, after settling the problem with pay arrears, these squadrons were posted in Southern Brabant. In July, they were ordered to join Marlborough's Army in Bavaria. They join the army at Nördlingen. On 13 August, they took part in the Battle of Blenheim, where they formed part of Brockdorff's Brigade, which was posted on the extreme right of the centre in second line. In the autumn, they took part in the sieges of Trarbach and Saarburg. They took up their winter-quarters between the Moselle and the Rhine.
At the end of May 1706, these squadrons joined Marlborouh's Army and, on 23 May, took part in the Battle of Ramillies, where the Danish cavalry distinguished itself. They were present at the ensuing sieges of Antwerp, Ostend, Menin, Ath, Dendermonde and Oudenarde.
On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde.
In 1709, these squadrons took part in the siege of Tournai. On 11 September, they fought in the Battle of Malplaquet.
In 1713, the two squadrons returned to Denmark.
|Headgear||black tricorne laced white with an iron skull for combat; a black cockade was worn on the left side of the hat|
|Coat||double-breasted grey-white coat with dark blue lining and with 22 brass buttons (11 on each side) and 1 pewter button on each side in the small of the back. All buttonholes were trimmed in dark blue (the distinctive colour of the regiment)
|Waistcoat||yellowish natural leather|
|Breeches||yellowish natural leather|
Troopers wore a blackened breast plate and were armed with a sword, a pistol and a carbine.
NCOs were distinguished from privates by a silver lace on the hat and silver edging on the cuffs, and wore full cuirass.
Uniforms of officers differed from those of the privates and NCOs by the finer material used. They were not standardized across the entire army but seems to have been similar within a regiment. Buttons were silver-plated and silver embroideries decorated the coat, cuffs and pocket flaps. Their coat could be single or double-breasted. The hats of officers were often edged with a white plumetis. The officers wore full cuirass.
No information found yet
Colonel Standard: white field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left); centre device consisting of a crowned gold lion passant with 9 golden hearts underneath; the whole surrounded by a laurel wreath in gold; on each side of the centre device the motto "Tro til Döden" (Faith to the Death).
Company Standard: yellow field; the Dannebrog (a white cross pattée) on a red field in the first canton (upper left); centre device consisting of a crowned blue lion passant with 9 golden hearts underneath; the whole surrounded by a laurel wreath in silver; on each side of the centre device the motto "Frycht Gud" (Fear God).
Martinsson, Örian: Danish Cavalry Uniforms 1700-1730 in Tacitus.nu
Snorasson, Torstein and Søren Henriksen: Danish Uniforms 1699-1712, Chakoten 1997 and 1998.
Höglund, Lars-Eric and Sallnäs, Åke;: The Great Northern war 1700-1721 part 2
Vaupell, O.F.: Den Danske Haers Historie, Copenhagen 1876, p. 572
Wikipedia - Danish Auxiliary Corps in Anglo-Dutch service 1701–1714
N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.
Henrik Plenge for the initial version of this article.
Wienand Drenth for additional information on this regiment.