Origin and History
The regiment was raised in 1700 by Colonel Prince Leberecht von Anhalt-Bernburg. It initially comprised five companies.
In 1702, the regiment was increased to 10 companies organised in two battalions.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive Chefs of the regiment were:
- from 1700: Prince Leberecht von Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym
- from 1703: Prince Ludwig von Hessen
- from 1705 to 1727: Prince Wilhelm von Hessen
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive effective commanders of the regiment were:
- from 1700: Colonel von Uffeln
- from 1706 to 1727: Colonel von Verschuer
In 1714, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion of 400 men.
In 1789, the regiment was amalgamated with the Infanterieregiment No. 5.
Service during the War
In the spring of 1702, one battalion of the regiment was at the Siege of Kaiserswerth. By July, one battalion formed part of the Allied army encamped at Nijmegen. In December, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Flanders.
At the end of 1703, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Venloo.
On 2 July 1704, one battalion of the regiment was present at the Battle of Schellenberg, where it formed part of the Reserve. On 13 August, one battalion took part in the Battle of Blenheim, where it was deployed in the second line of the extreme left wing.
To do: add details for the campaigns from 1705 to 1713
Böhm, Uwe Peter: Hessisches Militär: Die Truppen der Landgrafschaft Hessen-Kassel 1672-1806, Herausgegeben im Auftrag der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Heereskunde e.V., Beckum 1986
Witzel, Rudolf: Hessen Kassels Regimenter in der Allierten Armee 1762, bearb. u. hrsg. von Ingo Kroll, Norderstedt 2007, pp. 100-102
N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.