Association (96)

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Navies >> British Navy >> Association (96)

Origin and History

The ship was built by William Bagwell at the Portsmouth Dockyard and launched in 1697.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the ship was under the command of:

  • from January 1702: Captain John Leake
  • from July to 9 November 1702: Captain William Bokenham
  • in 1703: Captain Richard Hughes
  • from January to September 1705: Captain Samuel Whitaker
  • from September 1705 to 2 November 1707: Captain Edmund Loades

The ship foundered on 2 November 1707 when she struck rocks off the Isles of Scilly.

Service during the War

In August 1702, the ship was part of the powerful combined fleet assembled for the unsuccessful expedition against Cádiz. On its way home, this fleet captured the largest part of the plate-fleet in the Battle of Vigo Bay where the ship was initially assigned to the attack of the forts at the mouth of the harbour. It also relieved the Torbay (80) who was engaged in a fight with the Bourbon (68) and the Espérance (70)

During the great storm of 1703, the ship escaped from the harbour of Harwich but was blown to the coast of Sweden.

In July 1704, the ship took part in the capture of Gibraltar.

At the end of July 1707, the ship took part in the Battle of Toulon. On 2 November, on her way home with Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell on board, she was among the four British warships who struck rocks off the Isles of Scilly and foundered.

Characteristics

Technical specifications
Guns 96 (in 1703)
Lower gundeck 26 x demi-cannon
Middle gundeck 26 x culverin
Upper gundeck 26 x demi-culverin
Quarterdeck 12 x 6-pdrs
Forecastle 4 x 6-pdrs
Roundhouse 2 x 6-pdrs
Crew 800 men
Length at gundeck 165 ft (50.3 m)
Width 45 ft 4 in (13.8 m)
Depth 18 ft 3 in (5.6 m)
Displacement 1450 Tons (Builder's Old Measurement)

References

Phillips, M., Michael Phillip's Ships of the Old Navy

Harrison, Simon and Manuel Blasco, Three Decks - Warships in the Age of Sail

Wikipedia

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.