Origin and History
The regiment was created on 22 September 1684 and took the name of the Province of Aunis. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to Armand-Scipion-Sidoine-Apollinaire-Gaspard, Vicomte de Polignac.
On 19 September 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the unit became a field regiment. In 1692, it took part in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque. In 1693, it served on the coasts. In 1694, it was transferred to the Army of the Alps; in 1695, to the Army of Catalonia; and in 1696, to the Army of Italy where it took part in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, the regiment served with the Army of the Meuse.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 22 September 1684: Armand-Scipion-Sidoine-Apollinaire-Gaspard, Vicomte de Polignac
- from 1 July 1704: Charles Hugues, Comte de Lyonne
- from 29 November 1710 to July 1734: Henri-Antoine-Thomas, Chevalier de Brancas-Courbon
On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Languedoc Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment was allocated to the Army of of the Rhine. On 14 October, it fought in the Battle of Friedlingen where its colonel was wounded.
From August to September 1703, the regiment took part in the Siege of Alt-Breisach. In October and November, it was at the Siege of Landau. On 15 November, it fought in the Combat of Speyerbach where it was deployed in the first line in Polignac’s Brigade.
In 1704, the regiment served with the Army of Bavaria. On 13 August, it took part in the Battle of Blenheim where it was among the seven regiments taken prisoners in the village of Blenheim.
In 1706, the regiment was exchanged and was then posted on the Rhine until 1710.
In 1711, the regiment joined the Army of Flanders and took part in the combat of Arleux.
On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. It later took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 237-238