Austrian Army

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army

État-Major

Grand Staff
Pontonier Korps

Line Infantry

Organisation
Combat tactics
Generalities about the colours

N.B.: The regimental numbers used hereafter were in fact introduced only in 1769. We use them for easier tracking. They do not represent the ranking used during the War of the Spanish Succession.

Roman Imperial German Infantry Regiments

In July 1700, the Austrians could field 27 line infantry regiments, each counting 1,800 men. Two Imperial regiments stationed in Spain (Kratz Infantry and Pfalz-Zweybrücken, aka Gaetano, are excluded of these figures).

Generalities about the uniforms

Deutschmeister (IR4)

Neipperg (IR7)
Nicolaus Pálffy (IR8)
Hasslingen (IR11)
Holstein Plön raised in 1702, 1704 Arnant (IR12)
Guido Starhemberg (IR13)
Trauttmansdorf, amalgamated with Salm in 1704
Carl Joseph Lothringen incorporated in 1701 (IR15)

formerly "Leibregiment" of the Prince of Lorraine and Bishop of Osnabrück

Virmond raised in 1703 (IR16)
Fürstenberg, 1702 Longueval, 1703 Württemberg-Stuttgart (IR17)
Lothringen, 1705 Wetzel, 1707 Heindl (IR18)
Thüngen, 1710 Holstein-Beck (IR20)
Plüschau raised in 1709 (IR22)
Baden (IR23)
Mansfeld, 1702 Ghelen, 1703 Jung-Starhemberg (IR24)
Bagni (IR25)
Nigrelli, 1703 Jungen (IR27)
Thürheim (IR28)
Wendt, raised in 1704, 1709 Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (IR29)

Gschwind (IR35)

Liechtenstein, 1704 Regal (IR36)
Brandenburg-Bayreuth raised in 1701 (IR41)
Guttenstein, 1707 Wetzel (IR42)
Salm, 1711 H. J. Daun (IR45)
Solari, 1704 Harrach (IR47)
Herberstein (IR50)
Alt-Starhemberg, 1701 Kriechbaum (IR54)
Jung-Daun (IR56)
Kratze, 1704 Sickingen (IR57)
Marsigli, 1704 Jörger zu Tollet (IR59)
Longueval-Buquoy raised in 1701, 1703 Königsegg
Heister
Nehem
Rheingraf, 1704 Wallis
Reventlau
Alt-Daun, 1706 Guttenstein
Gaetano, 1702 Friese, 1706 Loeffelholz
Eckh (aka Egg), raised in 1710, 1712 Traun
Browne de Camus, raised in 1710, disbanded in 1712

Royal Hungarian Infantry Regiments

Generalities about the uniforms

Bagosy raised in 1702 (IR51)
Andrássy
Batthyányi
Mallenich
Molnár

Swiss Mercenary Troops

Erlach Infantry raised in 1702
Diesbach Infantry
Buol Infantry

Garrison Infantry

Organisation

Cavalry

From 1697 to 1707, the number of cavalry regiments fluctuated between 30 and 39, including cuirassiers, dragoons and hussars.

Cuirassiers

In July 1700, the Austrians could field 19 cuirassier regiments (Sapicha Cuirassiers were disbanded the same year)

Organisation
Generalities about uniforms
Generalities about standards

N.B.: Information in brackets gives the regimental numbers introduced in 1769, roman numerals being used for those disbanded before this date.

Jung-Hannover, 1703 La Tour Thurn-Taxis (C 21)

Pálffy (C 27)
Zanthe, 1704 Lobkowitz (C 10)
Alt-Hannover, 1703 Hannover (C 29)
Lothringen, 1705 Breuner, 1710 Prince Savoyen (C 4)
Uhlefeld (C 12)
Hohenzollern (C 3)
Gronsfeld (C 5)
Visconti
Taaffe, 1704 Leiningen, 1705 Reising, 1706 Pfefferkorn, 1707 Browne (C 23)
Cusani aka Pace (C 22)

Corbelli aka Corbeille, 1704 Roccavione (C 25)

Steinville
Pfalz-Neuburg
Commercy, 1702 Falkenstein (C 8)
Alt-Hessen-Darmstadt, 1705 Glöckelsberg, 1707 Caraffa (C ii)
Vaudémont, 1704 Martigni (C i)
Caprara, disbanded in 1701
Sapieha, disbanded in 1700
Jung-Hessen-Darmstadt raised in 1701 (C 20)
Anspach raised in 1702, 1702 Mercy (C 33)
Montecuccoli raised in 1701 (C iii)

Dragoons

In July 1700, the Austrians could field 9 dragoon regiments.

Organisation
Generalities about the uniforms
Generalities about the guidons

N.B.: Information in brackets gives the regimental numbers introduced in 1769, roman numerals being used for those disbanded before this date.

Schlik (D 1)
Herbeville, 1709 Jörger zu Tollet (D 37)
Serényi, 1705 Colona von Fels (D 38)
Rabuttin-Bussy, Carl (D 7)
Savoyen (D 9)
Limburg-Styrum, 1704 Sinzendorf, 1707 Vehlen
Dietrichstein, 1702 Trautmansdorf, 1706 Reising, 1711 St. Amour (D 6)
Castell
Vaubonne
Bayreuth raised in 1701 (D 39)
Schönborn incorporated in 1710 (D 13)
Althann Dragoons

Hussars

Organisation
Generalities about the uniforms
Generalities about the guidons

N.B.: Information in brackets gives the regimental numbers introduced in 1769, roman numerals being used for those disbanded before this date.

Kollonits
Ebergényi (H 11)
Deák, 1706 Vizlay, 1706 Splényi (H 30)

Raised during the war

Forgách, raised in 1702, 1704 Lehoczky, 1712 Babocsay (H 32)
Esterházy, raised in 1702, known as Alt-Esterházy in 1703 and 1704 and from 1708, disbanded in 1712
Gombos, raised in 1702, disbanded in 1706
Czungenberg (aka Csonkabeg), raised in 1702, disbanded in 1706
Loosy, raised in 1702, 1703 Jung-Esterházy, 1704 Csáky, disbanded in 1706
Jung-Esterházy, raised in 1708, disbanded in 1714
Ocskay, incorporated into the army in 1708 after the Battle of Trenčín, disbanded in 1710

Artillery

Equipment - Guns, Mortars, Carriages

Artillery Corps

Engineers

Corps of Engineers

Militia

Tyrolean Militia

Imperial militias in Tirol were under the command of FML Johann Martin Gschwind Baron von Pöckstein since 1698. However, he had not taken his post until 1702 when the region became threatened. Gschwind was assisted by the Defensions-Rath (Council of Defence) who had its seat in Innsbruck. Half of the costs for armaments of these militia was supposed to be paid by the government.

On 31 October 1702, Gschwind formed four militia regiments. Each regiment should theoretically count 4,000 men. Each company initially consisted of 300 to 600 men, but as officers became available they were further subdivided to reach a strength of 200 men per company. Each company counted 1 fifer and 2 drummers.

However, the four regiment initially totalled only 8,311 militiamen:

  • the 1ts Regiment, raised in the Inn Valley, consisted of 2,350 militiamen under the command of Colonel Maria Max Count von Altheim
  • the 2nd Regiment, raised in the valleys of Wipp and Puster and in the region of Eysack, consisted of 2,016 militiamen under the nominal command of Colonel Ludwig Xaver Count zu Lodron (he was abroad and did not assume command)
  • the 3rd Regiment, raised in Nons, Sulz, the Adige, Burgraviate and Vintschgau, consisted of 2,054 militiamen under the command of Colonel Count Georg Friedrich von Spauer
  • the 4th Regiment, raised in the Vlach confines, consisted of 1,891 militiamen under the command of Colonel Franz Sebastian Count zu Lodron

As danger increased, a large number of volunteers (including hunters) joined the Imperial Tyrolean militias.

References

Abtheilung für Kriegsgeschichte des k. k. Kriegs-Archives: Feldzüge des Prinzen Eugen von Savoyen, Series 1

  • Vol. 1, Vienna 1875, pp. 181-212
  • Vol. 3, Vienna 1876, App. 25A, 25 b
  • Vol. 5, Vienna 1878, App. 17

Anon.: Die Reiter-Regiment der k.k. Österreichischen Armee

  • vol. 1 Die Cürassiere und Dragoner, Vienna 1862
  • vol. 2 Die Hussaren, Vienna 1866
  • vol. 3 Die Uhlanen, Vienna 1866

Pelet and Vault: Mémoires militaires relatifs à la Succession d'Espagne sous Louis XIV, Vol. 1 p. 232-233, 565, 631, 639, 647, 657