Barrois Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Barrois Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 4 October 1692 and took the name of the Province of Barrois. It was among the twelve infantry regiments created on the same date, designated by the name of various provinces of France. The regiment was formed with one battalion (La Robinière) of Champagne Infanterie

In 1693, during the Nine Years’ War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Alps and fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1695, it was transferred from the frontier of Italy to Catalonia. In 1696, it took part in the relief of Palamos; and in 1697, in the siege of Barcelona.

On 1 February 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by

  • from 4 October 1692: Louis Desmoulins, Comte de Lisle (promoted to brigadier on 29 January 1702; to maréchal de camp on 26 October 1704; and to lieutenant-general on 1 February 1719)
  • from 26 October 1704: Jean-Jacques Desmoulins, Chevalier de Lisle
  • from 21 January 1710: Charles-François, Marquis de Boufflers-Rémiancourt
  • from 2 December 1713 to 9 March 1735: Louis-Armand-François de La Rochefoucauld, Comte de Marthon

On 14 November 1713, the regiment was given to Louis-Armand de Bourbon, Prince de Conty (aka Conti). The regiment was then renamed Conty.

In 1714, the regiment was reduced to a single battalion.

Service during the War

On 1 February 1701, the regiment, which initially counted a single battalion, was increased to two battalions and attached to the Army of Flanders.

On 11 June 1702, the regiment was at the affair of Nijmegen. During winter, it was employed in the “Trois-Évêchés”.

In August 1703, the regiment entered into Huy where it contributed to the defence of the place under M. de Milon. Twice in the same day, it drove the besiegers away from the breach. At the moment where the enemy was preparing to assault the castle, under the cover of the fire of 60 cannon, 46 mortars, the Colonel Comte de Lisle, at the head of his grenadiers, of a piquet of 50 men led by his son and of two other piquets of the same size, marched straight to the breach and stopped the column of attack. The artillery of the Allies intensified its fire but the grenadiers of the regiment stood firm and the attackers had to retire precipitously from the breach, abandoning their scaling ladders and works. Half an hour later, the besiegers made another attempt; M. de Lisle, who had had time to refresh his men, took once more position on the breach and obtained the same success. In this affair, 2 captains and 5 lieutenants were killed; the major and 10 other officers, wounded. Huy capitulated shortly afterwards and the regiment was taken prisoners of war. Louis XIV charged the Maréchal de Villeroy to inform Colonel de Lisle of his great satisfaction. The regiment was soon exchanged against the garrison of Tongres, captured by the French around that time. In December, the regiment set off for Spain.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the campaign in Portugal under the Duke of Berwick. In May, it distinguished itself at the siege of Castelo Branco where it lost an aide-major who, after the capture of the place, tried to intervene in a dispute between French and Spanish soldiers arguing about the booty and was assassinated by the Spaniards. The regiment also contributed to the capture of Salvatierra, Segura, Ponha-Grazzia, Ucepedo, Cebreros, Idanha-a-Nova, Portalegre, Castelo de Vide and Montalvão.

In 1705, the regiment was attached to the Army of Andalusia under the Maréchal de Tessé who undertook the Siege of Gibraltar. During the siege, an Anglo-Dutch fleet threatening Cádiz, the regiment was sent to the port of Suaço. In October, it rejoined Tessé’s Army and contributed to the relief of Badajoz.

In 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Barcelona and in the capture of Cartagena.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almansa where it formed a brigade with Orléans Infanterie. This brigade also served at the siege of Lérida.

In June 1708, the regiment formed part of the force which attacked Tortosa where it guarded the post of Pineto. On the night of 26 to 27 June, its major was mortally wounded while fighting a sortie of the defenders; a captain was also wounded in this affair. The regiment spent the winter in Catalonia.

In July 1709, the regiment was recalled to Roussillon.

In 1710, the regiment rejoined the army of the Duke of Berwick in Dauphiné.

In 1711, the regiment was sent to Flanders where it took part in the Combat of Arleux. It took up its winter-quarters at Cambrai.

In 1712, the regiment took part in the Siege of Douai and in the recapture of Le Quesnoy and Bouchain.

In 1713, the regiment did not take part in any campaign. On November 14, it was given to Louis-Armand de Bourbon, Prince de Conti and took the name of “Conti Infanterie”.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 7, pp. 230-234