Origin and History
The regiment was created on 27 September 1684 and took the name of Bassigny. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from 1 to 30 September for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to the Louis, Comte de Mailly.
In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate. It then served on the Rhine until 1693, when it was transferred to the Army of the Alps and fought in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1696, the regiment returned to the Rhine where it served until 1697.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 24 April 1689: Jules-Auguste Potier, Marquis de Gesvres
- from 3 September 1702: Anne-Jacques, Chevalier de Bullion
- from 15 March 1705 to 18 September 1730: Jean-François, Marquis de Creil-Nancré
On 10 February 1749, the regiment was disbanded. Its grenadiers were incorporated in the Grenadiers the France and its other companies in Royal Comtois Infanterie.
Service during the War
In 1701, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy. On 1 September, it was present at the Battle of Chiari but was kept in reserve behind the headquarters.
In 1703, the regiment took part in the expedition in South Tyrol.
In 1704, the regiment took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.
In 1705, the regiment took part in the siege of Chivasso. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.
From May 1706, the regiment took part in the siege of Turin. On 8 September, it fought in the Battle of Castiglione.
In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.
From 1708 to 1714, the regiment served in Dauphiné.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 243-245