Belcastel Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Belcastel Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 9 June 1701 for Pierre de Lyon de Belcastel, Marquis d'Aveze, and recruited among Huguenots in England and Ireland. It consisted of one battalion and was initially maintained by the Provinces of Holland until 1702 and by the Province of Zeeland afterwards.

Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 9 June 1701: Pierre de Lyon de Belcastel, Marquis d'Aveze
  • from 16 February 1711 to 9 April 1739: Henri de La Trémouille de Montese

In 1795, the regiment was incorporated into the 3e Halvebrigade, as its second battalion.

Service during the War

By July 1702, the regiment was attached to a British corps sailing for Nijmegen. By 21 December, it was quartered in Zeeland.

By 1 December 1703, the regiment was stationed in Zeeland.

The regiment then served in Portugal and Spain.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment took part in the Battle of Almansa, where it was deployed in the first line of the infantry centre. It was decimated during this battle and its remnants were withdrawn from Spain afterwards.

The regiment was re-formed again.


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N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.


Wienand Drenth for the research on this regiment

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments