Berghes Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Berghes Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment already existed in 1686 when it belonged to the Seigneur d'Audimont. In 1694, it was ceded to Philippe de Berghes, last colonel of the “Tercio de corazas del pais”.

According to a decree dated 3 March 1701, the tercio was transformed into a regiment.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1694: Philippe, Chevalier de Berghes (died at Antwerp on 30 September 1702)
  • from 5 January 1703: Comte de Beaussart
  • from 1706 until 1715: Antoine Hyacinte Blondel, Baron Drouhot (in 1715, when his regiment was disbanded, he retired in Cambrésis)

The regiment was disbanded in 1715.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands. By 20 July, it was stationed in Upper Guelderland. On 10 November, the regiment was reviewed at Landresseck.

By 18 April 1702, the regiment was part of the army of the Marquis de Bedmar. It was encamped between Antwerp and Lierre. On 11 May, when Bedmar set off from Antwerp, the regiment was left behind at Antwerp under the command of M. de Ximenès. By mid-May, it was attached to Bedmar's field army. By 1 July, it was still encamped between Antwerp and Lierre. In mid-September, Boufflers recalled the regiment from Bedmar's Corps to his main army. By 28 September, the regiment was posted at Liège.

From 1710 to 1713, the regiment was in the French service.

In 1713, the regiment was sent to Spain, On 3 December, it was reviewed at Girona.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.