Berry Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Berry Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was initially raised on 13 February 1648 in Catalonia under the name of Moustaros.

In 1652, the regiment came to the Province of Guyenne to quench troubles. It was disbanded at the end of the campaign.

During the War of Devolution (1667-68), a regiment known as San Esteban and Roussillon existed and was probably built around the mestre de camp company of the regiment disbanded in 1652. In 1668, the new regiment took part in the conquest of Franche-Comté.

On 30 January 1673, a regiment named Roussillon was created. At the end of the year, it was ceded to the Comte d’Illes. It was also known by the name of his commander, M. de Saint-Louis. In 1675, the latter acquired the regiment.

In 1684, the regiment took part in the siege of Luxembourg. In 1685, it became the property of the Marquis de Villacerf.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment was present at the capture of Philippsburg, Mannheim, Frankenthal and Mainz. In 1689, it was given to the third grandson of Louis XIV: the Duc de Berry and known as “Berry Cavalerie”. The same year, it served on the Rhine. From 1690 to 1697, it campaigned in the Low Countries, taking part in the sieges of Namur, Charleroi and Ath and in the battles of Steenkerque and Landen.

In 1698, the regiment was at the camp of Compiègne.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted three squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the nominal command of the Duc de Berry.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp of the regiment were:

  • from 25 February 1693: François Marquis d’Yolet
  • from 14 May 1702 to 15 March 1718: Louis-François de Rouvroy Saint-Simon, Marquis de Sandricourt

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment served with the Army of Flanders.

On 10 June 1702, the regiment distinguished itself in the combat of Nijmegen. It took up its winter-quarters in Bonn.

On 30 June 1703, the regiment took part in the Battle of Ekeren. In December, it left for Spain.

In 1704, the regiment took part in the Campaign in Portugal and was present at the capture of Salvaterra (Salvaterra do Extremo), Segura, Ponha Grazia, Ucepedo, Cebreros, Idanha-a-Nova, Monsanto, Castelo Branco, and several other places on the frontier between Spain and Portugal.

At the beginning of 1705, the regiment took part in the unsuccessful Siege of Gibraltar. In mid-October, it was at the passage of the Guadiana River and at the relief of Badajoz.

In 1706, the regiment relieved Badajoz once more. In November, it took part in the capture of Cartagena.

On 25 April 1707, the regiment took part in the Battle of Almansa, where it was deployed in the first line of the left wing in Sandricourt’s Brigade. It then participated in the submission of the kingdoms of Aragon and Valencia. From September to November, the regiment was present at the Siege of Lleida.

In June and July 1708, the regiment was present at the Siege of Tortosa.

In 1710, the regiment recrossed the Pyrenees to drive the British out of Roussillon and Languedoc. It then returned to Spain and assisted at the end of the siege of Girona, which surrendered in January 1711.

From 1711 to 1713, the regiment fought bands of Catalan rebels.

Uniform

no information found

Standards

Regimental standards (4 silken standards): royal blue field fringed and embroidered in gold; centre device consisting of a golden royal sun surmounted by a scroll bearing the royal motto “Nec Pluribus Impar” in gold; in each corner the arms of Berry and a golden fleurs de lys

Tentative Reconstruction
Regimental Standard - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 345
  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 2, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 178-187

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F., Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle