Berry Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Berry Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 2 September, 1684 as “Berry Infanterie” for Vincent de Buade, Marquis de Goesbriant. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. It was formed with garrison companies.

In 1688 and 1689, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate; and in 1690 and 1691, in the defence of the coasts of France. In 1692, it joined the Army of the Alps. In 1693, it took part in the defence of Pinerolo and in the Battle of the Marsaglia. In 1694, it garrisoned Susa. In 1696, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse and, in 1697, to the Army of Flanders.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 2 September 1684: Vincent de Buade, Marquis de Goesbriant
  • from February 1704: Auguste-Nicolas Magon, Marquis de La Gervasais
  • from 26 July 1712 to May 1735: N. Magon de la Gervasais, Comte de La Giclaye

Service during the War

From 1702 to 1704, the regiment occupied the Kingdom of Naples for King Philip V of Spain.

In February 1704, the colonel of the regiment, who was fighting as volunteer, was severely wounded in an action near Castelnuovo de Bormia and replaced by the Marquis de La Gervasais at the head of the regiment.

In 1705, the regiment served with the Army of Italy. On 16 August, it took part in the Battle of Cassano.

In 1706, it participated in the unsuccessful siege and battle of Turin.

From 1707 to 1710, the regiment formed part of the Army of Dauphiné.

In 1711, the regiment was attached to the Army of the Rhine.

In 1713, the regiment took part in the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

To do

Colours

Colonel Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf
Ordonnance Colour - Copyright: Kronoskaf

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain: Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 216-217