Beynheym Infantry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Dutch Army >> Beynheym Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised in 1674 for Ditmar van Wijnbergen Baron van Horssen en de Poll.

On the eve of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment consisted of one battalion and belonged to the Province of Geldern.

Since its creation, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • from 1674: Ditmar van Wijnbergen Baron van Horssen en de Poll
  • from 1696: Brigadier Johann van Beynheym (promoted to major-general in 1704, killed in action at the Battle of Schellenberg on 2 July 1704)
  • from 1704 to 1714: Everhard van Deelen (promoted to brigadier in 1709)

In 1752, the regiment was incorporated into the Jacob Baron van Brakel Infantry Regiment.

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment garrisoned Maastricht and Charleroi.

In December 1702, the regiment was stationed in Southern Germany and took up its winter-quarters in Koblenz.

In January 1703, the regiment took part in the capture of Trarbach. At the end of March, the Allies, fearing for the Army of the Margrave of Baden posted on the Rhine, sent a reinforcement under Lieutenant-General von Goor, the regiment eas part of this corps. By mid-August this corps had joined the army of the Margrave of Baden near Zwergbach. At the end of the year, the regiment took up its winter-quarters on the Upper Rhine.

In 1704, the regiment was initially encamped near Rottweil. On 2 July, it took part in the Battle of Schellenberg, where it formed part of Marlborough’s advanced guard in the Beynheym’s Brigade. On 13 August, the regiment fought in the decisive Battle of Blenheim, where it was probably deployed on the right of the first line of the infantry centre, in Pallandt’s Brigade.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies. It then took part in the siege of Ath.

In 1707, the regiment was encamped at Meldert.

In April and May 1710, the regiment formed part of the army which covers the Siege of Douai.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform circa 1700 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details circa 1700 as per Belaubre
Headgear
Fusilier black felt hat without lace
Grenadier no information available
Neck stock white
Coat grey with red lining and with tin buttons from top to bottom on the right side
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets with tin buttons
Cuffs red with tin buttons
Turnbacks none (it seems that the basques of the coat could be turned back if needed but this was a rare practice during this period)
Waistcoat probably red with tin buttons from top to bottom
Breeches leather
Stockings probably red
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather, worn above the coat
Cartridge Pouch natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes fastened with a strap


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet; and a sword.

NCOs

NCOs wore a red uniform with white lining.

Officers

Officers wore a uniform similar to the one of the rank and file but of a better quality.

Musicians

Musicians wore a red coat with white lining and white distinctives.

Colours

no information found yet

References

Belaubre, Jean and Dr. de Wilde, Claus-Peter Golberg, Kaltenkirchen, 2001, pp. 16-16

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Phil Carrington for his work on the lineage of Dutch regiments