Brancaccio Cavalry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Brancaccio Cavalry

Origin and History

According to an ordonnance issued on 3 March 1701, the 120 men of the company of the 2nd Teniente General de la Caballeria de Flandes (Lieutenant-General of the cavalry of Flanders) was formed into a regiment initially consisting of four companies of 30 men each.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 17 March 1701: Scipio Brancaccio (appointed military commander of Cádiz in 1702)
  • from 5 December 1702: Baron de Lidekerke (died in Bruxelles from a wound received in the Battle of Blenheim)
  • from 17 November 1704: Antoine Uldaric d'Arberg-Vallangin, Comte de Fresin d'Arberg

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands. The regiment was first reviewed on 1 September, it then counted four companies.

By 18 April 1702, the regiment was part of the army of the Marquis de Bedmar. It was encamped between Antwerp and Lierre. On 11 May, the regiment accompanied Bedmar who set from Antwerp to effect a junction with La Mothe's Corps and make a diversion against Hulst.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde where it lost its kettle-drums which are now kept at the Museum of Delft in the Netherlands.

The regiment served under French pay until the end of the campaign of 1713 in Alsace. It then disappears from registers, it had probably been disbanded and incorporated into Drouhot Cavalry.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.