Bresse Infanterie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Bresse Infanterie

Origin and History

The regiment was created on 14 September 1684 from a battalion of Normandie Infanterie. It took the name of the Province of Bresse. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to form soon against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among these new regiments. The regiment was given to René-Alexis Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac.

In 1691, during the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of the Germany. In 1692, it was transferred to the Army of the Alps. In 1693, it took part in the defence of Pinerolo and in the Battle of Marsaglia. In 1694, it served in Provence and embarked for Catalonia where it participated in the relief of Palamos. In 1696, the regiment was back in Italy where it took part in the siege of Valenza. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of Flanders.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • from 14 September 1684: René-Alexis Le Sénéchal, Comte de Carcado-Molac
  • from 10 October 1706: François, Marquis de Montmorency-la-Neuville

Service during the War

In 1700, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Italy.

On 1 September 1701, the regiment took part in the Battle of Chiari where it was deployed in Carcado’s Brigade on the extreme left wing of the second line of infantry.

On 26 July 1702, the Comte de Carcado-Molac led a grenadier brigade at the Combat of Santa Vittoria. In August, the regiment took part in the capture of Luzzara.

In 1703, the regiment took part in the capture of Nago and Arco. In November, it was at the capture of Asti.

On 4 January 1704, the regiment took part in the storming of the entrenchments of Stradella defended by the rearguard of Starhemberg's Army. On 11 January, it was at the combat of Castelnuovo de Bormia. It later took part in the sieges of Vercelli, Ivrea and Verrua.

At the beginning of 1705, the regiment took part in the capture of Verrua. On 16 August, it fought in the Battle of Cassano.

On 19 April 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Calcinato. From May, it took part in the siege of Turin.

From 1707 to 1709, the regiment served with the Army of Dauphiné.

In 1709, the regiment was transferred to the Army of Flanders.

On 24 July 1712, the regiment fought in the Battle of Denain. In August and September, it took part in the Siege of Douai where it was placed in garrison after the capture of the fortress.

Uniform

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Colours

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References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 228-229