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Origin and History
The regiment was created on 18 September 1684 and formed with companies taken from Picardie Infanterie. It took the name of the Province of Brie. Indeed, expecting a Coalition to soon form against France, Louis XIV raised 30 new regiments from September 1 to 30 for the defence of the various places of the realm. By raising one regiment a day, he avoided any problem of precedence among them. The regiment was given to Armand de Béthune, Marquis de Charost.
In 1687, the regiment garrisoned Calais.
In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment took part in the conquest of Palatinate. It then served on the Rhine until 1693. From 1694 to 1696, it was allocated to the Army of Italy. In 1697, it was transferred to the Army of the Meuse.
During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:
- from 19 July 1690: Antoine-Alexandre de Canouville, Marquis de Raffetot
- from 20 March 1709 to 22 June 1726: N. de Raffetot (son of the former colonel)
Service during the War
In 1702, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Germany. On 14 October, it fought in the Battle of Friedlingen.
In August and September 1703, the regiment served at the Siege of Alt-Breisach. In October and November, it took part in the Siege of Landau. On 15 November, it fought in the Combat of Speyerbach where it was deployed in the second line, in Raffetot’s Brigade.
In 1704, the regiment was allocated to the Army of the Alps.
In 1705, the regiment took part in the conquest of the County of Nice.
In 1706, the regiment took part in the siege and Battle of Turin.
In 1707, the regiment took part in the defence of Toulon.
From 1708 to 1713, the regiment served with the Army of the Rhine.
This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:
- Susane, Louis: Histoire de l'ancienne infanterie française, J. Corréard, Paris, 1849-1856, Tome 8, pp. 232-234