Origin and History
In 1704, the Emperor’s ambassador Franz Ehrenreich Count von Trautmannsdorf signed a contract with the Swiss Canton of Graubünden for the creation of this regiment, which initially consisted of a single battalion (1 “Leibkompanie” of 160 men and 4 companies á 130 men, altogether 680 men). The contract allowed to use the regiment outside Further Austria and in battles elsewhere.
In 1708, a new contract was signed and the regiment was increased to two battalions. It then consisted of 12 companies for a total of 1,600 men. The second battalion was also raised in Graubünden. The same year, the regiment was ceded to Archduke Charles for service in Spain.
The proprietor of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession was:
- from 1704 to 1717: Johann Anton Buol von Rietberg und Strassberg (killed in duel in 1717)
The effective commander of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession was its own proprietor.
The regiment was demobilized in 1717.
Service during the War
In 1705, the regiment served in Upper Palatinate.
In 1706, the regiment was stationed in South Tyrol and saw no action.
In 1707, the regiment was stationed in Northern Italy.
In 1708, the regiment was transported to Catalonia.
In 1711, the regiment garrisoned Cardona.
In 1712, the regiment campaigned once more in Spain.
|Coat||blue with red lining and with tin buttons on the right side and 1 tin button on each side in the small of the back
|Stockings||red fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap|
|Gaiters||no information available|
Armaments consisted of a musket a bayonet and a sabre. Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades.
NCOs wore the same uniform as the privates with the following distinctions different uniforms:
- cuffs edged with a silver braid
NCOs carried a spontoon (half-pike). They were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.
NCOs of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the spontoon.
NCOs also carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.
Grenadier sergeants and fouriers were distinguished from privates by three silver braids on the bag of their bearskin.
Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth than those of the privates.
Officers wore a black and yellow silk sash across the chest or around the waist.
Lieutenants of the grenadier companies were distinguished from privates and NCOs by four golden braids on the bag of their bearskin; captains by five golden braids on their bearskin.
Officers carried a partisan. The partisan was decorated with a tassel: gold for the colonel, gold with silver fringe for the lieutenant-colonel, gold and silken fringe for captains and silken fringe for lieutenants. In some regiments, the captains' tassel was entirely of silk; in this case the lieutenants' partisan had no tassel. The partisans of staff officers had gilt butt caps.
Officers were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.
Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.
Officers of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the partisan. Captains, lieutenants and sergeants of these companies always had their bayonet affixed to their musket.
In the field, officers carried a pair of pistols.
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Wrede, A. v.: Geschichte der K. und K. Wehrmacht, file II. pp. 603ff, Vienna 1898
Wikipedia German Edition – Schweizer Truppen in österreichischen Diensten
Harald Skala for the initial version of this article