Buol Infantry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Austrian Army >> Buol Infantry

Origin and History

In 1704, the Emperor’s ambassador Franz Ehrenreich Count von Trautmannsdorf signed a contract with the Swiss Canton of Graubünden for the creation of this regiment, which initially consisted of a single battalion (1 “Leibkompanie” of 160 men and 4 companies á 130 men, altogether 680 men). The contract allowed to use the regiment outside Further Austria and in battles elsewhere.

In 1708, a new contract was signed and the regiment was increased to two battalions. It then consisted of 12 companies for a total of 1,600 men. The second battalion was also raised in Graubünden. The same year, the regiment was ceded to Archduke Charles for service in Spain.

The proprietor of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession was:

  • from 1704 to 1717: Johann Anton Buol von Rietberg und Strassberg (killed in duel in 1717)

The effective commander of the regiment during the War of the Spanish Succession was its own proprietor.

The regiment was demobilized in 1717.

Service during the War

Two soldiers and an officer of Buol Infantry - Source: New York Public Library

In 1705, the regiment served in Upper Palatinate.

In 1706, the regiment was stationed in South Tyrol and saw no action.

In 1707, the regiment was stationed in Northern Italy.

In 1708, the regiment was transported to Catalonia.

On 27 July 1710, the regiment fought in the Battle of Almenar. On December 10, it was present at the Combat of Villaviciosa.

In 1711, the regiment garrisoned Cardona.

In 1712, the regiment campaigned once more in Spain.

Uniform

Uniform circa 1708 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details
as per a contemporaneous illustration
Headgear
Fusilier black tricorne laced white
Grenadier no information available
Neck stock red
Coat blue with red lining and with tin buttons on the right side and 1 tin button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs red, each with 3 tin buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat red
Breeches red
Stockings red fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters no information available
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather
Cartridge Pouch red or black leather pouch containing 24 cartridges, a pewter oil flask, two needles attached to a small chain (to clean the touch-hole of the lock), a tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades, with a wooden peg on a small chain and a roll of fuse. The cartridge box had two cover flaps. The top one was sometimes decorated with a metal badge bearing the cipher or the arms of the Inhaber.

Grenadiers carried two cartridge pouches. The first one, slightly larger than that of fusiliers, was worn on wide cross-belt and contained grenades and a pewter tube that held the match for lighting the fuse of grenades; the smaller second pouch was attached to the waist-belt and contained cartridges for the musket.

Bayonet Scabbard natural leather
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes


Armaments consisted of a musket a bayonet and a sabre. Grenadiers were also armed with hand grenades.

NCOs

NCOs wore the same uniform as the privates with the following distinctions different uniforms:

  • cuffs edged with a silver braid

NCOs carried a spontoon (half-pike). They were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

NCOs of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the spontoon.

NCOs also carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Grenadier sergeants and fouriers were distinguished from privates by three silver braids on the bag of their bearskin.

Officers

Uniforms of officers were always of finer cloth than those of the privates.

Officers wore a black and yellow silk sash across the chest or around the waist.

Lieutenants of the grenadier companies were distinguished from privates and NCOs by four golden braids on the bag of their bearskin; captains by five golden braids on their bearskin.

Officers carried a partisan. The partisan was decorated with a tassel: gold for the colonel, gold with silver fringe for the lieutenant-colonel, gold and silken fringe for captains and silken fringe for lieutenants. In some regiments, the captains' tassel was entirely of silk; in this case the lieutenants' partisan had no tassel. The partisans of staff officers had gilt butt caps.

Officers were also armed with a Stossdegen (a long two-edged estoc or rapier) carried in a black leather scabbard attached to the waist-belt.

Officers carried a cane whose characteristics indicated their precise rank. This cane had the length of a walking stick and was carried in and out of service. In action, to free hands, the cane was hanged to a button of the coat.

Officers of grenadier companies carried a flintlock musket instead of the partisan. Captains, lieutenants and sergeants of these companies always had their bayonet affixed to their musket.

In the field, officers carried a pair of pistols.

Musicians

no information found yet

Colors

no information found yet

References

Wrede, A. v.: Geschichte der K. und K. Wehrmacht, file II. pp. 603ff, Vienna 1898

Wikipedia German Edition – Schweizer Truppen in österreichischen Diensten

Acknowledgments

Harald Skala for the initial version of this article