Castlebar Infantry

From Project WSS
Jump to navigationJump to search

Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Castlebar Infantry

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 1 November 1709 by the Marquis de Castlebar from Irishmen exiled during the Nine Years' War (1688–97) and from Irish or British prisoners captured during the previous campaigns of the current war. The regiment, consisting of two battalions, assembled in the towns of Cariñena and Longares in Aragon. Each battalion counted 13 companies of 50 men each

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was under the command of:

  • from 1 November 1709: Colonel Don Lucas Patiño, Marquis de Castlebar assisted by Lieutenant-Colonel Don Reinaldo MacDonell and major Don Pedro Aylward

In 1716, the second battalion of the regiment was disbanded in Barcelona. According to a regulation issued on 19 February 1717, the regiment was renamed “Hibernia”.

Service during the War

In May 1710, the regiment was allocated to the Army of Catalonia. It took part in the unsuccessful attack on the entrenched lines of the Allies at Balaguer and, on 26 June, retired to Aragon with the army. On 27 July, it fought in the Battle of Almenar. On 20 August, the regiment took part in the Battle of Saragossa where it served under the command of the Marquis de Bay. After the defeat, it retired to Old Castile. On 8 December, it fought in the Combat of Brihuega; and on 10 December, in the Combat of Villaviciosa. It then took part in the pursuit of the Allies up to the Cinca, capturing the garrison of Arcos. It then took up its winter-quarters in Aragon.

In 1711, the regiment fought against the insurgents in Aragon. It took part in the siege of Benasque which capitulated on 16 September. It was then transferred to Catalonia to attack the Allies in their entrenched camp of Calaf. On 25 December, it returned to Aragon and took up its winter-quarters at Teruel.

In 1712, the regiment, then counting 748 men, fought against the insurgents on the border of Catalonia. It took part in the siege and capture of Morella.

In 1713, the regiment continued to fight against the insurgents in Aragon and Valencia. It also escorted convoys of arms and ammunition coming from Castile and destined to Catalonia for the blockade of Barcelona.

In 1714, the regiment was ordered to leave Aragon and to join the army blockading Barcelona. On 16 July, it started to work at the trenches in front of Barcelona. On 11 September, the regiment was part of the reserve when the army stormed Barcelona.

Uniform

Initially, uniforms seem to have been white, similar to those of the Spanish infantry.

Privates

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid.

In the infantry, officers wore a silver or gold gorget and a spontoon.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • lieutenant: baton as worn under the reign of the Habsburg
  • sub-lieutenant: baton with a horn band and a silver ring

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small white woolen epaulette
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Musicians

no information found yet

Colours

The colonel colour was identical to those of the Spanish infantry.

References

This article is mostly made of abridged and adapted excerpts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Clonard, Conde de, Historia Orgánica de las Armas de Infantería y Caballería, vol. XI, Madrid, 1851-62, pp. 315-331

Other sources

Boletin de la Agrupacion de Miniaturistas Militares de España

Dragonas

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article