Chartres Cavalerie

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> French Army >> Chartres Cavalerie

Origin and History

The regiment was raised on 8 July 1667 as “Choiseul-Beaupré Cavalerie”, at the beginning of the War of Devolution (1667-68). It immediately took part in the campaign in Franche-Comté. On 24 May 1668, the regiment was disbanded with the exception of its mestre-de-camp company.

The regiment was re-established on 9 August 1671.

In 1672, at the outbreak of the Franco-Dutch War (1672-78), the regiment was present at the capture of Orsoy, Rheinberg and Duisburg, and at the crossing of the Rhine. In 1673, it occupied the Electorate of Brandenburg. In 1674, it campaigned in Alsace and Baden, fighting in the battles of Sinsheim, Entzheim and Mulhouse. In 1675, it took part in the battles of Turckheim and Altenheim; in 1676, in the battle of Kochersberg; in 1677, in the siege of Freiburg; and in 1678, in the capture of Kehl and of the Castle of Lichtenberg.

In 1679, the regiment was encamped on the Sarre River. In 1681, it spent the year at the camp of Lower Alsace. In 1683, it was at the camp of the Saône.

On 18 February 1684, the regiment became the property of Philippe d'Orléans, Duc de Chartres, later regent. Accordingly, it took the name of “Chartres Cavalerie” and occupied the 15thrank of seniority in the French cavalry.

In 1688, at the outbreak of the Nine Years' War (1688-97), the regiment joined the Army of Flanders. In 1690, it took part in the Battle of Fleurus; in 1692, in the siege of Namur and in the Battle of Steenkerque; in 1693, in the Battle of Landen and in the siege of Charleroi.

At the beginning of the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment counted two squadrons.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive nominal commanders of the regiment were:

  • from 1701: Louis d’Orléans, Duc de Chartres

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive mestres de camp lieutenants of the regiment were:

  • from June 1690: Nicolas-Antoine de Grouches, Marquis de Chépy
  • from 1702: Claude Bailli de Forbin
  • from 1705: Comte de Messey
  • from 25 March 1710 to October 1734: Anne-François de Paloiseau, Marquis de Harville

Service during the War

In 1701, the regiment campaigned in the Low Countries. By October, it was stationed in Lierre. At the end of the year, it was quartered in Ghent.

By mid-September 1702, the regiment formed part of Tallard’s Corps on the Lower Rhine. It took up its winter-quarters in Bonn.

In 1703, the regiment belonged to the Army of the Rhine. In mid-June, the regiment was posted in Luxembourg. By August, it formed part of a detachment posted on the Bruche River. In October, the regiment was present at the Siege of Landau. On 15 November, it fought in the Combat of the Speyerbach, where it was deployed at the extreme right wing of the second line of cavalry.

In February 1704, the regiment (now listed at 3 sqns) was attached to La Feuillade’s Corps for the siege of Nice and Villefranche. By June, the regiment had been transferred to Italy where it was present at the Siege of Vercelli.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned in Italy.

In April 1706, the regiment was part of the Mantuan Corps under M. de Médavi.

On 8 September 1706, the regiment took part in the Battle of Castiglione.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in the Alps.

In 1708, the regiment returned to Flanders, where it campaigned until 1712.

In August and September 1712, the regiment was at the recapture of Douai. In September and October, it was at the recapture of Le Quesnoy.

In 1713, the regiment was transferred to the Rhine, where it was present at the sieges of Landau and Freiburg.

Uniform

no information found

Standards

no information found

References

This article incorporates texts from the following books which are now in the public domain:

  • Susane, Louis: Histoire de la cavalerie française, Vol. 2, J. Hetzel et Cie, Paris, 1874, pp. 382-392
  • Pajol, Charles P. V., Les Guerres sous Louis XV, vol. VII, Paris, 1891, p. 357-358

Other sources

Funcken, L. and F., Les uniformes de la guerre en dentelle

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.