Chimay Cavalry

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Spanish Army (Bourbon) >> Chimay Cavalry

Origin and History

The regiment was already existing in 1693.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the successive colonels of the regiment were:

  • since 1693: Maréchal de camp Charles-Louis-Antoine d'Hennin-Lietard, Prince de Chimay (promoted to lieutenant-general in the royal guard in 1704, died in 1740)
  • from 1704: Philippe-Emmanuel de Lacatoire (promoted to brigadier in 1706)

The regiment was disbanded in 1710 to complete other cavalry regiments of the Army of Flanders.

Service during the War

In the Spring of 1701, the 2 squadrons of the regiment were stationed in the Spanish Netherlands.

In February 1702, the regiment was stationed in the Electorate of Cologne under the Marquis de Montrevel. In mid-September, the regiment took part in Tallard's offensive on the Lower Rhine.

By 4 May 1703, the regiment was attached to the field army of Maréchal de Villeroy and Maréchal de Boufflers, in Rosen's Brigade in the second line of the cavalry left wing.

In 1710, the regiment was disbanded to complete other cavalry regiments of the Army of Flanders.

Uniform

no information found yet

Officers

Uniforms of officers differed from those of privates and NCOs by the finer material used. Their waistcoat, saddle cloth and housings were edged with a wide golden braid. They always wore a tricorne notwithstanding the headgear worn by soldiers.

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • colonel: a baton with a gold knob
  • lieutenant-colonel: a baton with a silver knob
  • sargento mayor: a baton with a silver topped knob
  • captain: silver or golden epaulettes (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on both shoulders
  • lieutenant: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the right shoulder
  • cornet: silver or golden epaulette (according to the metal colour of the regiment) on the left shoulder

NCOs

The regulation of 30 December 1704 specified the distinctive of each military rank:

  • sergeant : baton without knob and halberd
  • mariscal de logis (quartermaster): small woolen epaulette (red or of the distinctive colour of the regiment)
  • brigadier: swagger stick
  • corporal of squadron: swagger stick
  • second corporal of squadron (rank suppressed in 1706): swagger stick

Standards

no information found yet

References

Dragonas Magazine

N.B.: the section Service during the War is mostly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.

Acknowledgement

Jean-Pierre Loriot for the initial version of this article.