Cologne Gardes

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Hierarchical Path: War of the Spanish Succession (Main Page) >> Armies >> Cologne Army >> Cologne Gardes

Origin and History

On 19 April 1701, Elector Joseph Clemens of Cologne signed a subsidy contract with France by which he agreed to supply three infantry regiments (each of two battalions).

The present Garde Regiment (aka Gardes Cologne) consisted of two battalions.

During the War of the Spanish Succession, the regiment was commanded by:

  • no information found

Service during the War

In 1702, the regiment was posted at Ettelbruck. At the end of the year, it took up its winter-quarters in Luxembourg.

In April and May 1703, the regiment took part in the defence of Bonn. On 16 May, when the place surrendered, the garrison obtained free withdrawal with the honours of war. It was escorted to Luxembourg. The regiment then joined the corps of Prince Tserclaes de Tilly, which was part of Bedmar's Army in Flanders. By mid-October, the regiment was stationed at Namur where it took up its winter-quarters.

In February 1704, the regiment was sent to garrison Liège. It later campaigned on the Sambre and Meuse rivers and was then posted in Brabant.

In 1705, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 23 May 1706, the regiment fought in the Battle of Ramillies, where it was deployed in Seluc’s Brigade on the extreme right of the first line of the cavalry left wing. At the end of the year, the regiment took up its winter-quarters in Lille.

In 1707, the regiment campaigned in Flanders.

On 11 July 1708, the regiment took part in the Battle of Oudenarde and in the unsuccessful attack on Bruxelles.

On 11 September 1709, the regiment took part in the Battle of Malplaquet. At the end of October, it was posted near Maubeuge.

In 1711, the regiment campaigned once more in Flanders. At the end of October, it was posted near Landrecies.

In 1712, the regiment was stationed in Flanders.

Uniform

Privates

Uniform in 1702 - Copyright: Richard Couture
Uniform Details
Headgear
Musketeer black tricorne laced white
Grenadier no mention of grenadiers have been found
Neck stock red
Coat blue with red lining with tin buttons on the right side and 1 tin button on each side in the small of the back
Collar none
Shoulder Straps none
Lapels none
Pockets horizontal pockets, each with 3 tin buttons
Cuffs red, each with 3 tin buttons
Turnbacks none
Waistcoat white with tin buttons
Breeches buff leather
Stockings white fastened under the knee with a natural leather strap
Gaiters none
Leather Equipment
Crossbelt natural leather
Waistbelt natural leather worn over the coat
Cartridge Box natural leather
Bayonet Scabbard natural leather with a metal tip
Scabbard natural leather
Footwear black shoes


Armaments consisted of a musket and a bayonet, and a sword.

NCOs

no information found

Officers

no information found

Musicians

no information found

Colours

Some sources describe colours but they seem to be highly speculative.

References

Golberg, Claus-Peter: Kur-Köln 1701-1713 – Haustruppen im Spanischen Erbfolgekrieg, Kaltenkirchen, 1996, p. 1, 3, 10

N.B.: the section Service during the War is partly derived from our articles depicting the various campaigns, battles and sieges.